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Schematic of my circuit consisting of a buffer and a baxandallIm building a Stereo Buffer and a Baxandall circuit together. In powering the circuit with a single supply of 9v, and i need to bias each four inputs with 4.5 volts. The question is: If i feed the four inputs with the same reference voltage line will a have problems with the signals that are different. Into the buffer the signal is the IN signal, but in the Baxandall input the signal is the output buffer. But if i used the same voltage reference i suposed that im going to have a mix of both inputs signals in the baxandall, im right? How i can fixed that thing?

Thank you for your answer!

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    \$\begingroup\$ A schematic is worth 1000 plates of spaghetti. Add one in using the schematic button on the editor toolbar. Otherwise we're all guessing. \$\endgroup\$
    – Transistor
    Mar 16, 2021 at 20:23
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Transistor good analogies are like a fragrant locomotive! \$\endgroup\$ Mar 16, 2021 at 20:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ I’m wondering what pungent trains have to do with this lol. \$\endgroup\$
    – Andy aka
    Mar 16, 2021 at 20:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Transistor now im adding a picture of the schematic, thank you for your answer \$\endgroup\$
    – Abel Leder
    Mar 16, 2021 at 20:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ Just so we're clear - are you referring to the 'V/2' reference you're applying to the non-inverting input of U1? \$\endgroup\$
    – brhans
    Mar 16, 2021 at 21:00

1 Answer 1

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Let's fix a few other things first.

enter image description here

Figure 1.

  1. GND symbols should point down to the ground, not to the sky. The upward arrow is often used to signify connection to VCC so it risks confusion.
  2. You've AC decoupled in the wrong place move C2 from here to (3).
  3. As wired here the pot is pulling your VCC/2 reference to ground. Consider what happens when you move the wiper to the top of the pot.
  4. Swap R10 and R11 and your VCC and GND will be the right way up with higher voltages higher on the page and current flowing from top to bottom.
  5. See (4).

We'll also fix the pot orientation.

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

Figure 2. The modified circuit.

  • The pot is the right way up. Moving the wiper up will raise the volume.
  • The pot GND (and all the others) are pointing down.
  • C1 is positioned after the volume control wiper. This prevents the pot wiper affecting the non-inverting bias.
  • If you're worried about DC coming in on the audio signal you can add another capacitor on the input.
  • OA2 provides a "stiff" buffer for the VCC/2 mid-rail supply. C2 keeps the voltage steady even if VCC has some noise on it.
  • R4, 5, 6 & 7 provide the bias to the other four op-amps. OA2's output is stable and low impedance so the audio signals on the other op-amps don't interfere. I realise I've set these resistors to 10k which may load the audio signal a bit too much. 100k or more should be fine.

If you're interested in developing your skills have a read of Rules and guidelines for drawing good schematics.

Have fun!

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you very very much. This is MARAVILLOSO! (im an Native Spoken guy) \$\endgroup\$
    – Abel Leder
    Mar 16, 2021 at 22:25
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    \$\begingroup\$ Good! Wait a day or two to encourage other answers that may give you other insights. Then "accept" the best answer to mark the question solved and upvote any other good ones. \$\endgroup\$
    – Transistor
    Mar 16, 2021 at 22:40

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