I apologize if the question is silly as this is my first project involving stepper motors and I'm confused about power supply specifications.

So I'm working on a project involving:

  1. 3 NEMA 17 Stepper motors with 4.2 kg-cm torque
  2. 3 A4988 drivers

Now the motor is rated for 3.2 V 1.2 Amps/phase. So, at 3.2 V the motors require 3.6 A of current in total which means a wattage of about 11.5 W.

So can I use any power supply which can deliver sufficient wattage or should the power supply be capable of delivering 3 Amps regardless of its voltage?

Is an 18V 2A supply sufficient or do I require a 12V 4A power supply?

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @Joshi, Ah, let me see. (1) Usually the motor current rating is important. So for your 1.2A per phase motor, 1.2A x 2 = 2.4A ~= 4A should be good enough. (2) For A4899, you can use 8 ~ 35V to drive the motor. So, I don't usually consider power! :) See my answer below for motor details. Have a great project. Cheers. \$\endgroup\$
    – tlfong01
    May 1, 2021 at 5:13
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Assuming your motors picked well, select the PSU for power, mostly. You computed the "quiescent" power, add the mechanical power needed for more than mere milliseconds and allow for efficiency < 1. The voltage needed depends on acceleration and speed required. Watterott's FAQ answers looked helpful beyond what I'd be willing&able to answer. \$\endgroup\$
    – greybeard
    Dec 16, 2022 at 11:51

1 Answer 1



Which PSU to use for microstepping NEMA17 steppers at 3.2V, 1.2A per phase?


(1) Using A4899 and DM542 microsteppers, you can set max phase current, say 1.2A, for your NEMA17.

(2) So you can use high volt PSU as high as 36V, 2A, for your NEMA17 at 3.2V 1.2A /phase.


(1) Driving NEMA steppers using microstepper DM542 ... - EESE 2021apr22

(2) Fake microstepping in A4899 ... stepper-drivers? - EESE 2021apr14

(3) What could be the reasons for a stepper motor stuttering with an A4988 driver? - EESE 2021apr05 [Locked]


Appendix A - A4899 driving NMEA stepper schematic

a4899 nema

  • \$\begingroup\$ Shouldn't this spell out why the PSU didn't need to provide 1.2 A for each of two phases? And how to account for 3 NEMA 17 Stepper motors [+ drivers], just in case? \$\endgroup\$
    – greybeard
    Dec 15, 2022 at 5:12
  • \$\begingroup\$ Sorry, I forgot what I wrote long time ago. I need to read my old posts to refresh my memory: penzu.com/public/a3cacdc5 \$\endgroup\$
    – tlfong01
    Dec 15, 2022 at 5:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ I have a couple of answers on A4988 in this forum, but many of them are locked. Here is another one: electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/560123/… \$\endgroup\$
    – tlfong01
    Dec 15, 2022 at 8:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ This one doesn't spell out why for a single 2-phase stepper with 1.2 A phase current a 2 A supply suffices when using an A4988. Nor did I find that skimming all of the posts/pages hyperlinked. \$\endgroup\$
    – greybeard
    Dec 15, 2022 at 9:03
  • \$\begingroup\$ It is not clear if you wired the A4988 for full stepping or microstepping. Perhaps you can let us know how you connect the MS1, 2, 3 pins. \$\endgroup\$
    – tlfong01
    Dec 15, 2022 at 14:14

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