Capacitor Run Single Phase Induction Motor have very high starting currents, possibly in the order of 35-40 Amps upon startup for a 1 hp device, whereas the nominal current usually lies in the order of 4-5 Amps. How does one choose the appropriate wire gauge for the windings?
If we decide that our wire is to handle 40 amps, we will be using 8 AWG, which is probably a bit too thick for windings of a device of small size. If we use the nominal current the size could go down to 16-18 AWG.
I assume that in practice it will be a compromise between the two, but how do we know our compromised mid-sized wire is capable of handling current above its max rating? I cannot find specs on wires which give a max continuous, and max peak (and given duration). Where can I find wire with such specs?