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I have a basic solid state relay that switches an outlet on and off with a 9v input. Everything works good but I'm confused by the voltage readings I'm getting. The load side is reading 124 volts, and the line side is reading 118 volts, and I'm getting this reading whether the relay is on or off. Is this common?

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes leakage to a 10 Meg DMM is common \$\endgroup\$ Commented May 19, 2021 at 14:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ If you want to suppress the voltage out, add a load like a five watt bulb. Or a 1nF X rated cap. \$\endgroup\$ Commented May 19, 2021 at 14:52
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes, it’s common and one of the downsides with an SSR over a conventional relay. \$\endgroup\$
    – winny
    Commented May 19, 2021 at 15:10
  • \$\begingroup\$ Assuming you have a zero cross coupler inside you have to get enough voltage to gate the triac Also you may have some leakage in the trigger circuit. Your description indicates it is on. \$\endgroup\$
    – Gil
    Commented May 20, 2021 at 3:12

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When in its 'off' state, the SSR will still pass through a small leakage current. You can find its maximum value in the SSR datasheet.

If you have no load on the SSR output except a multimeter or oscilloscope, the very high input impedance of the DMM/scope will draw little current from the SSR. The leakage current will be enough to maintain a high voltage drop across the DMM/scope impedance. Hence the high voltage reading.

You don't say what your SSR load is.

Try connecting a continuous load, like a fan or light bulb, to the SSR output and measure again. You'll find that the small leakage current will be sunk by the load and you'll measure almost no voltage.

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