According to "Smith Chart Supplement - Corrected Jan 2012" https://www.arrl.org/files/file/Antenna%20Book%20Supplemental%20Files/22nd%20Edition/Smith%20Chart%20Supplement%20-%20Corrected%20Jan%202012.pdf when f.e. calculating input impedance (from load impedance) it is necessary to use WLTG (wave lengths towards generator).
WLTG range is from 0 to 0.5 of wave length so input impedance will be same if lenght of line is multiplies of 0.5 wave length. But if f.e. transmission line length is 0.20WL impedance will be different.
Also if load impedance is matched to characteristic impedance of line f.e. 50 ohms. In this case impedance is same regardless of length of transmission line (so parts different than 0.5x wave length doesn't affect input impedance it is always 50).
I don't understand how length (as parts of 0.5 wavelengths) of transmission line affects input impedance but it doesn't affect when length is multiple of 0.5?