37
\$\begingroup\$

I have a couple of meters with analog scales and want to know why they have a shiny metallic area following the scale.

Multimeter

SWR Meter

\$\endgroup\$
2
  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ Damn young punks get offa my analog electronic lawn :-) . Next someone will ask why old oscilloscopes had circular displays! \$\endgroup\$ Sep 30 at 13:01
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ It's often known as a mirror scale, or mirrored scale. \$\endgroup\$ Sep 30 at 15:41
78
\$\begingroup\$

The mirrored bands are to solve the problem of parallax when reading the meter. The technique for reading the meter is to adjust your head position relative to the meter so that the reflection of the pointer is obscured by the pointer. Then you are confident that you are looking at right angle to the scale and can read the value without parallax error.

enter image description here

Figure 1. Needle reflection is visible and reading appears to be < 0.4.

enter image description here

Figure 2. Needle reflection is obscured by the needle itself and reading now appears to be much closer to 0.4.

Images from YouTube.

\$\endgroup\$
7
  • \$\begingroup\$ How come they don't have these on dial calipers and dial indicators? \$\endgroup\$
    – DKNguyen
    Sep 30 at 18:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DKNguyen, dunno. \$\endgroup\$
    – Transistor
    Sep 30 at 20:10
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DKNguyen the needle, or at least its tip, is usually pretty close to the dial (at least on my callipers and indicator. If large analog movements were made that way, play in the bearings would result in troublesome contact with the dial much more often. \$\endgroup\$ Sep 30 at 21:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ @user_1818839 So you're implying it might just be the size of the dial? I guess the circular area of an indicator and caliper dial is only 1/20th that of an analog volt meter (if it were also a full circle). \$\endgroup\$
    – DKNguyen
    Sep 30 at 21:21
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DKNguyen That has a lot to do with it, I have never seen a dial caliper with a 100mm dia scale. But calipers and TDIs can also have low clearance bearings, with slightly higher friction, in order to constrain the needle tip location. If you did that with a sensitive MC meter the friction affect accuracy. So they have play, like a watch balance wheel's four jewel bearing, which means the needle must be kept clear of the dial. \$\endgroup\$ Sep 30 at 21:23
19
\$\begingroup\$

Anti-parallax.

When the reflection of the needle disappears behind the needle itself, the reading is accurate. Otherwise, you may be looking at an angle, and reading the wrong figure off the scale.

(Presumably on the SWR power meter, the reflected power is either less critical, or known with less certainty, so it doesn't need parallax control. Typically you'll tune something for minimum reflected power, and you can see the needle reach a minimum from any angle)

\$\endgroup\$
1
  • \$\begingroup\$ In the SWR meter, it is either the forward power important, or the SWR - and SWR grid is not that much accurate anyway, \$\endgroup\$
    – fraxinus
    Sep 30 at 7:06
1
\$\begingroup\$

It is helping to adjust the looking angle, a.k.a. solve the parallax problem. It is exclusive to analog displays. It's old, reliable technology rarely seen these days; get off my analog lawn young punks.

\$\endgroup\$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.