I'm trying to validate my wiring for a variation of this circuit:
Before I solder everything up on a more permanent form on protoboard, I'm trying to validate that I have my variation of the design correct.
I'm using a 10μF capacitor and 10kΩ resistors instead of the 470kΩ ones in the diagram (which based on my understanding of the circuit, should not matter).
I'm trying to test that the voltage shifts up and down by the correct amount when load is placed on the split core using a simple 9V battery so I should see it move up and down from 4.5V instead of the 2.5V in the circuit as diagrammed, which corresponds to this:
All of this shouldn't affect the basic operation of the circuit from what I can tell, however I can't get it to register anything on the multimeter.
My breadboard looks like this:
And I can't get it to work right using the multimeter at all. I get a sub-1V reading from the white wire corresponding to the analog output that would go to the Arduino.
This is well below the expected >2V lowest reading I should be getting with the 9V battery I'm using to test, and it doesn't shift at all when I put the circuit under load. I've also checked that the 3.5mm socket wiring is ok and the quick and dirty soldering I've done for it is 1Ω and 0.7Ω on each of the relevant output wires.
Is it my circuit that is broken? Do I need to measure this using an Arduino and some quick programming because this sort of circuit just can't be properly tested with a multimeter? Or do I need to use the multimeter a certain way to test this circuit?
Here is the data sheet for the SCT 013-015 split core transformer. It does not quote any value for the internal burden resistor so I can't include that in any diagraming, I can only refer to the operating behaviour.
Here is the "wiring" of the split core transformer to the AC circuit:
And here is a re-done photo of the circuit with less stray wires:
- Red is +9V
- Green is the fluctuating voltage that is supposed to make it possible to measure the power usage
- Black wire from the breadboard to the ground pin is obviously ground.
- The other black wire is the connecting wire between the SCT and the capacitor and the centre of the voltage divider which should be at 4.5V.