I know it's not a good practice to use a voltage divider as a power supply, but I'm considering it for an unusual circuit. Is this a good use of a voltage divider or is there a better way to do this I'm not considering?
This is a latching power shutdown circuit. The purpose is to power down the device after it is idle for some time to avoid battery drain. It is triggered via the IDLE_SHDN signal, 3.3 logic level coming from an MCU. The MCU itself and all voltage rails power down when this is triggered. The mosfet pulls down on the SHDN pin of a LT4356CMS-1, which is upstream of all power supplies, resulting in a total powerdown of the entire board.
If I read the datasheets correctly, both the latch and mosfet gate current needs are very low, so I can get away with just a voltage divider to power them.
The other main consideration is the supply line is really unstable:
The input line VIN is coming from a battery that is connected to an automotive alternator. When the engine is not running the power is 12V (though I allow as low as 9 for my circuits) - this is the scenario when the idle shutdown is needed, when it is running it's very noisy around 15.5 volts. I'm using a TVS diode (SMBJ15CA-C78410) with 16.7V breakdown and 24.4 clamping to protect VIN from transients.
My main concern is whether the voltage divider will have enough power to drive the mosfet while staying in the range needed so the latch doesn't get killed by transients when the engine is running. One question is do I correctly read the NOR gate datasheet that the output voltage may be lower than the input?
Update Based on feedback, here is the design using an automotive LDO with latching enable. I added in the reverse battery/transient circuit it works with for reference since there were some questions in that area. I ultimately decided to have the TVS kick in at a much higher level based on brhans' concern. I feel much better that this design will be safe in a much wider range of conditions.