I came across something I find odd while hacking a space heater into a high power dummy load: my cheap space heater is rated 1.5 kW 110 VAC, so I expected to see less than 8 ohms which, when heating, would increase to about 8 ohms in steady-state with the fan ON.
Indeed, the resistance of copper increases with temperature - even if the resisting element is not made of copper, I assume most metals (except NTC) do the same in varying degrees.
I'm not familiar with US electrical supply, so I just assumed here the increased initial current is handled - otherwise there might have been some inrush control built-in.
After tearing it apart, which revealed the heating element was as expected directly connected to the supply, I measured the resistance at 50 ohms. Puzzled, I applied 30 V DC across the prongs and the current increased from 0.6 A to more than 3 A in a matter of minutes. Without suprise, the resistance had gone down with heating to about 10 ohms. The fan wasn't on, it's not an universal motor but an AC machine.
Am I forgetting something fundamental or isn't it a bit odd that the resistance decreases with temperature like NTC resistors? If not, what kind of material does that?