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I have a hard time understanding how I can impedance match a homemade nfc-antenna to 50ohm.

My antenna is designed by calculating the inductance based on the dimensions, windings and so on. R_ant is calculated the same with C_ant. So it resonate at 13.56MHz. I would now like to impenance match the antenna to a 50ohm spectrum analyser, but the calculations I have done is far off and definitely wrong. Can some one provide a good guide on this topic. I have included a schematic on the measurements I've done to verify the resonance at 13.56 MHz

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

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  • \$\begingroup\$ First of all why do you need to impedance match to the SA ? Is this for measurement purposes or other ? \$\endgroup\$
    – citizen
    Apr 26 at 11:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ Are you worried about loading the system with a lower impedance ? If this is the case maybe you may choose to buffer the measurement with a higher impedance amplifier before going into the 50 Ohms SA... \$\endgroup\$
    – citizen
    Apr 26 at 11:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ 20 MHz is not a high frequency so you may obtain a suitable high impedance voltage amplifier (with no gain perhaps, but covers you frequency band) and this will not load your system ... \$\endgroup\$
    – citizen
    Apr 26 at 11:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Otherwise a simpler means would be to use a voltage divider into the SA, but this will attenuate your signal by 30 - 60 dB if you can affod that attenuation ... \$\endgroup\$
    – citizen
    Apr 26 at 11:45

1 Answer 1

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I could he wrong, but I think that attempting to accurately impedance match a near field antenna to a transmission line or device might be somewhat of a wild goose-chase. One may need to just accept that there will be somewhat of an impedance mismatch, and make the best of it.

With a far-field antenna, the antenna impedance depends upon the frequency of the signal, the dimensions and geometry of the antenna, and the natural impedance of space. When calculating or measuring the impedance of a far-field antenna, an assumption is made that conductive or magnetic objects are not moving into or out of or within the near-field.

The impedance of a near field antenna, when in actual use, will definitely depend upon what is nearby, especially, but not limited to, the companion transmitter or receiver. The impedance will change depending upon how far away such objects are, and their electrical characteristics. Move the receiving antenna a bit, and the impedance seen at the feed-point of the transmitting antenna will change.

That may be one of the reasons why you are having difficulty reconciling your calculated impedance with what seems to be the reality. It may not simply be a mistake in calculation, but a problem taking into consideration all of the variables that lie within the near field.

A useful question to ask is how critical is it really, in your case, for the antenna and transmission line impedances to match, and to what degree? What, in your case, are the consequences of a mismatch?

I am definitely not an expert in near field antennas. I only offer my thoughts on the basis of my general understanding of electromagnetics. So, someone with more specialized knowledge may be able to correct me if I am wrong.

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