I am trying to implement a circuit from an ADI app note that I have not seen anywhere else : Here it is in PDF format which is a copy of this article. I strongly encourage reading it as it is quite short and interesting, providing much more insight into the workings of the circuit than I could myself. Here it is anyway :
Note that the INAs are horizontally mirrored which can further add to the confusion (look at the input pins).
Without going into too much detail I'm using this circuit for its high input impedance and common mode rejection ratio, and the differential output to drive an ADC (which will provide further CMRR). I am also using a single supply which is more convenient for my use case, the AD8224 should tolerate GND centered signals within reason and simulation confirm this, although I am unsure if this has any influence on the issues I am having.
Unfortunately my circuit doesn't behave quite as expected, from my own tweaking of the resistor values I have the following observations :
- Removing any one of the two resistors (leaving a short) make the circuit completely unstable. From the article I understood that R2 is for setting the gain and R3 for attenuation and using both at once was unnecessary.
- The gain of the circuit seems to be dictated by the lowest of the two resistors, irrelevant of which, and in accordance with expected values based on AD8224 datasheet using a single gain resistor.
Here is an example with a measured / simulated gain of 10, swapping resistor values makes no difference on the output :
Here are the few measurements from trying different resistor values, hopefully you can make sense of it because I can't. Of course will try any suggested configurations and report with the results.
- Both resistors @ 50Kohm gives a gain of -100
- Both resistors @ 500ohm gives a gain of -10
- R2 @ 5000ohm and R3 @ 500ohm gives a gain of 100 (same as 50K and 500)
- One resistor removed (open) and other one @ 500ohm also produces a gain of 100
- In each case swapping the resistors has no effect on the outcome