I am attempting to use a retriggerable monostable multivibrator datasheet to tell me if an engine is on or off. The input to the IC is a square wave usually between 100-200Hz 0-3.3V. The signal is coming off of the engine's ignition coil, but is being taken to 0-3.3V using an optocoupler circuit. The multivibrator will be continuously retriggered producing a steady 3.3V logic high signal when the engine is on.
The part where I am confused about is what should tw (pulse width) be such that the IC is always retriggering? According to the datasheet tw can be found using: tw = KRC where R is in KOhms and C is in pF, and tw is in ns. K is approximately 0.45. Assume I select 200kOhms and 1uF my tw will be 90ms. Because my signal is 200Hz I should see a peak every 5ms. Therefore for every multivibrator I have 90/5 or 18 chances to retrigger the IC.
If I wanted to increase the number of retrigger possibilities per multivibrator pulse I could just keep increasing the capacitance for example. However there appears to be a "minimum retrigger time" which grows as the tw increases. Computing this for the 200kOhm 1uF case yields @Vcc 3V: 1.5s. Am I calculating this wrong? If this were true than I could not produce a continuous logic high output under these conditions.
What RC values would be best to assure retriggering and at the same time having some noise immunity such that if the input pulse stopped for a few ms the output wouldn't indicate the engine was off?