I am designing a circuit which uses a 3.3 V, 1 mA-sourceable GPIO pin to allow for power cycling a projector which takes 12 V and draws between 1-6 A. Those are pretty much the only requirements - ON-delay time does not need to be quick (can be a few seconds even). There is common ground between the controller and the projector. My plan is an N-channel enhancement MOSFET, where current flows when the GPIO is high, but there are a lot of different specs for MOSFETs I'm unsure about (using Digikey to get an idea of what parts are available), so I wanted to get a sanity check here. Curious if my understanding of the specification meanings, what values I need, and which specs are even relevant to my design is accurate. Below is a very quick and dirty circuit I plan on using - probably will have a current limiting resistor on the GPIO line.
- Vdss - max switching voltage: anything higher than 12V
- Id @ 25C - Max current that can flow through the MOSFET: 6A? That's the most the Load will ever draw.
- Drive Voltage (max Rds, min Rds) - Gate voltage where MOSFET first begins allowing current from Drain to Source, and gate voltage where it allows for drawing max current: something like 1.8, 4.5? I assume I would then have to check the datasheet to see what current Vgs of 3.3 V would allow to see if it's high enough, would maybe have to bump up the Id spec since 3.3 V isn't an option for the higher value.
- Rds on (max) @Id, Vgs - not sure exactly what this parameter means other than the specific Rds at that current and Vgs, my plan would just be to check datasheets and find minimal Rds @ Vgs=3.3 V.
- Vgs(th)(Max) @ Id - Vgs at which current begins getting let through: I guess in the 1.8-ish range? Probably not a driving spec for my design.
- Gate Charge - mainly drives switching speed: not relevant for me
- Vgs(max) - max Vgs the MOSFET can take: anything above 3.3 V really
That's pretty much it. Any help is appreciated!