Looking at the component color and silkscreen text "FR1", it seems like a resettable fuse.
I doesn't blow up mostly. When a current higher than trip current, it turns into high-resistance state, that is non-conducting mode.
If the high current was caused by one-time event, e.g. wrong wiring during experiment, it will get back to normal state after some time.
However, for your case, it seems like there are other broken components that caused the overcurrent through the fuse. If so, need to fix it before awaiting fuse recovery or replacing fuse.
If the fuse is really broken, you will need to replace it.
For resettable fuses, not only trip current but voltage rating are important.
For example, common voltage ratings used in digital circuits are 5V or 9V.
If your circuit is 12V or 24V circuits, you cannot replace with such low rating fuses.