I am struggling to get an acknowledge from the MPU6050 using ESP32 with Arduino framework. I am unable to derive if the problem is hardware or firmware.

I have copied Sparkfun's breakout board schematic, setting the FSYNC, CLKIN and AD0 pins to GND and SDA, SCL and INT to GPIOs 25, 26 and 27 respectively (INT is unused/floating). I am using 2.7 kΩ pull-ups for the I2C lines.

enter image description here

I am using the following code to test the I2C comms:

#include <Wire.h>
#define I2C_SDA 25
#define I2C_SCL 26

void setup() {
  Wire.begin(I2C_SDA, I2C_SCL);
  Serial.println("\nI2C Scanner");
void loop() {
  byte error, address;
  int nDevices;
  nDevices = 0;
  for(address = 1; address < 127; address++ ) {
    error = Wire.endTransmission();
    if (error == 0) {
      Serial.print("I2C device found at address 0x");
      if (address<16) {
    else if (error==4) {
      Serial.print("Unknow error at address 0x");
      if (address<16) {
  if (nDevices == 0) {
    Serial.println("No I2C devices found\n");
  else {

I have probed the I2C line using a logic analyser. The code behaves as expected but I get no acknowledge. enter image description here

I have checked that the chip has power, lowered the speed from 200 kHz (default) to 100 kHz. I have tried using internal pull-ups on ESP32 instead of external. I have tried a different MPU6050 chip.

Any help diagnosing would be greatly appreciated.


1 Answer 1


Your schematic doesn't show any voltage source being connected to the MPU-6050 VLOGIC pin (just a decoupling capacitor connected there).

However the VLOGIC pin must be connected to a suitable voltage source, as it is used by the digital I/O part of the MPU-6050. Without that, the I2C I/O won't work (as you have seen).

Typically VLOGIC would be the I2C supply voltage, where 3.3 V and 1.8 V are common standards, depending on what else is on the I2C bus. In your case (although your schematic doesn't show everything) I think you are running the I2C bus at 3.3 V so just connect VLOGIC to your VDD for the MPU-6050.

From the MPU-6050 datasheet:

Explanation of VLOGIC input

On the Sparkfun schematic, you can see there is a net label VIO on the VLOGIC pin, which goes to the VIO terminal on the Sparkfun board's header. That must be connected to a suitable voltage. This seems to not be well-documented by Sparkfun (surprisingly for them) and this omission is mentioned in a review on their product page, which says:

I didn't see anything in the provided documentation from Sparkfun about having to connect the VIO line to a 3V3 source as an IO Reference voltage. This should be documented better.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Well spotted! I have connected VLOGIC to VDD and I2C communication now works! \$\endgroup\$ Commented Mar 15, 2023 at 14:54
  • \$\begingroup\$ @WillPowell - Great news :) \$\endgroup\$
    – SamGibson
    Commented Mar 15, 2023 at 14:55

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