In Horowitz The Art of Electronics on page 72 there is a schematic that provides an "ohmmeters view" of a transistor (see below.) In the description it says:
The base–emitter and base–collector circuits behave like diodes in which a small current applied to the base controls a much larger current flowing between the collector and emitter. Normally the base–emitter diode is conducting, whereas the base–collector diode is reverse-biased, i.e., the applied voltage is in the opposite direction to easy current flow.
Shouldn't the two diodes be switched? That is, shouldn't the B-C diode be the Zener one and the B-E diode the normal one? It says that the base-emitter diode is conducting and the base-collector diode is reverse-biased. Zener diodes are mostly used in reverse bias, right?
Sorry if this is obvious or something. I'm not studying electrical engineering, I am doing a physics lab and trying to understand transistors.