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I want to create a active cooling for power supply when charging a battery with BQ24610 IC.

BQ24610 has open drain pin "STAT1" that switches on when battery is being charged.

* enter image description here enter image description here

I'd like to have the LEDs and add additional circuitry (LDO) that powers the 12 V fan if the battery is getting charged.

Adapter + is 12 – 28 V. 19 V nominal in my case.

The goal: LEDs stay as they are in the schematic but with addition that if STAT1 is ON then turn on LDO that powers the fan.

What kind of ciruit I'd need to achieve above goal?

I'm not too familiar with open drain circuits.

Edit:

As I undestand from block diagram from BQ24610, this is how STAT1 looks like currently (changed to 3v3 power, so there won't be need for zener diode that protects the VGS from voltages of 20 V or above)

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

And now I have to add somewhere else additonal components to achieve my goal, but I can't seem to find any solutions.

This doens't work with PMOS: enter image description here

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  • \$\begingroup\$ @RussellH rewrote some words. \$\endgroup\$
    – Oxmaster
    Sep 30, 2023 at 7:14

1 Answer 1

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It looks like the STAT outputs can withstand 28 V and sink at least 5 mA. That is more than enough to drive a PNP or p-channel transistor as a voltage switch between the adapter output and the LDO input.

What is the fan current?

Have you selected the LDO component? Some of them have a low-power standby mode, and that would eliminate the need for a power switch transistor between the adapter and the LDO / fan.

Start with the fan current and the max voltage applied to the input LDO, and select an LDO that meets these requirements. Hopefully with some kind of control pin and standby mode.

If the logic polarity of the control pin does not match the STAT output, a small-signal FET such as a 2N7000 can invert it.

If there is no control input, then a transistor switch has to be placed between the adapter and the LDO.

As you fill in the missing information, we can start a schematic. Are you asking for guidance, or a finished design?

UPDATE:

It looks like you want STAT2 and PowerGood to light LEDs, and STAT1 to both light an LED and enable fan power - yes / no ?

If yes, then the place for the Charging LED is after the LDO, in parallel with the fan. That way the LED has a constant applied current for constant brightness while the input voltage varies.

The LT1963 is almost perfect. It can handle the input voltage, load current, has a tab for a heatsink, and has a shutdown control. Unfortunately, the logic polarity is wrong for you, so you will need a small signal transistor to invert the STAT1 signal.

https://www.analog.com/media/en/technical-documentation/data-sheets/lt1963a.pdf

UPDATE:

Here is a first-pass schematic of what I think you want. C1 and C2 are required for stability. R3 and R4 set the fan voltage. R1 is required because the STAT1 output is open-drain. R2 is required because the SHDN input does not have an internal pull-up impedance.

enter image description here

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  • \$\begingroup\$ I'll be using standard 12 V 0.2 A fan, so nothing exotic, LDO that has 30 V VIN max and 0.5 A min current, these are mostly on TO-252 package and most of them without EN pin. The input voltage is 19 V nominal, but adjustable from 12 V to 28 V. I'd like it to work for the whole range. The PSU fan cooling is an optional thing, but I'd like to have it implemented. I'm trying some circuits on falstad and see if they would work. \$\endgroup\$
    – Oxmaster
    Sep 30, 2023 at 7:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ Do you understand the idea of a PNP or p-channel transistor as a high-side switch? \$\endgroup\$
    – AnalogKid
    Sep 30, 2023 at 14:19
  • \$\begingroup\$ not sure where/how to place it though. I've added an edit to the main post. \$\endgroup\$
    – Oxmaster
    Oct 2, 2023 at 15:46

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