# How much charging voltage can a lead-acid car battery handle?

I'm looking to make a car battery charger for learning purposes. I have read through this this post and this post.

While I am still confused about certain things, it seems generally agreed upon that a safe charging current is 15 to 20% of the battery's capacity. For the battery I have in front of me right now (60Ah) that would represent 9 to 12A.

I've connected the battery to a bench power supply, and getting it to 10A seems to take about 17V. This seems quite in excess of even the car's ~14.4V when turned on.

To be clear, I know that constant-current bulk charging is only meant to happen to a certain point, and that the higher voltage will damage the battery if it leads to overcharging.

So, if I'm doing constant-current charging on a lead-acid battery, should I be concerned about reaching a voltage that is too high for the battery?

• I am concerned that your linked questions already contain the information I put in my answer. I would strongly recommend you spend a LOT more time reading and learning before attempting something like this. Commented Dec 16, 2023 at 0:32
• @MarkOmo Well I read a few other things before that and I was quite confused because the "constant current" terms kept coming up, and to me that meant that (essentially by definition) you let the current become whatever it wants. Since many places mentioned 15-20% C for charging and my mostly dead battery wasn't reaching it with 14.4v (the usual voltage with the alternator running), I tested for a brief moment to see what it would take to get it to 10A and that's when I started thinking there may be some holes in what I thought I knew. Hence my making this post. Commented Dec 16, 2023 at 0:42
• I think you made it click, but I'm still leaving room for the chance of having interpreted it wrong. Which is why I've been (and will continue to be) careful as I don't aim to endanger my health. Doing it outside and keeping some distance. Commented Dec 16, 2023 at 0:44
• made a mistake I can no longer edit. should be: "you let the voltage become whatever it wants" Commented Dec 16, 2023 at 0:48