I recently became to wonder- how are hardware standards such as the USB,SD card,PCI-E made and what would it take to make my own?
closed as too broad by Nick Alexeev♦, Leon Heller, Olin Lathrop, helloworld922, JYelton Jul 1 '13 at 18:07
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Anyone can make a standard. Here's one I just made up:
Connections are made by pins compatible with Lego bricks. A binary "1" is signaled by alternating between 10 mA and 5 mA at intervals of 1 s, while a binary "0" is signaled by a 100 kV pulse.
If you want your standard to be adopted, you need to persuade a lot of other people to use it. Usually this is done by major manufacturers, who decide to work with other major manufacturers to make their products interoperable, with the goal of making their products more appealing to consumers, or at least controlling the market, driving competitors out of business, thus making their products relatively more appealing.
There are various standards organizations that facilitate this process: ANSI, IEEE, ISO, IETF, W3C...the list goes on. Each has some authority in differing domains, some compete, some work for profit, some are non-profit. Some require membership while others are open. Some publish their standards publicly, some require membership to view.