I just started sketching ideas to add LFO to VCA modulation in a device that already has a VCA circuit employed, but I’ve run into a snag… I can design a circuit to give proper modulation at full open VCA voltage, but as the signal voltage drops from 4.5v to 0v, the moduation signal falls and begins clipping the lower portion of the wave.
The first picture below is the stock circuit. 4.5V Key Down/0V key up (can be attack/release contoured) to 15k resistor feeding a 3906 transistor with base to ground. Collector to 10k resistor then to the input bias of a 3080 transconductance op amp. Voltage on the other side of the transistor before the 10k is -15V Key Up and -12V Key Down.
Second picture is one my rough sketches. The LFO (1.6 to -1.6 swing) with a bias from the A/R voltage (which is fed through a buffer) feeds an amplifier that connects to the base of the transistor that was originally grounded. With this circuit I get a good modulation swing from ~-15V to ~-12V on the other side of the transistor at max A/R voltage, but as the 4.5 falls back to 0 the bottom begins to clip, as in picture three. I would like the amplitude to decrease steadily as the 4.5 falls to zero and then stop sending signal to base of transistor.
I tried using biased transistors as variable resistors in the gain loop of the LFO amplifier but my knowledge of transistor switching and operation are not that great. If anybody out there could help it would be greatly appreciated.