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This question is slightly related to: What's radiating on my PCB?

These are Beckhoff's EtherCAT industrial IO modules. Each module is connected to its neighbours by 100mbps LVDS. Each module contains an ET1200 ASIC which handles all of the communications on the bus.

Beckhoff EtherCAT modules

I recently opened some to see what EMI filtering they use.

They seem to use a lot of filtering components that are not mentioned anywhere in the datasheet for the ET1200 IC (or in any document on LVDS I can find). Specifically, the LVDS lines are decorated with much more than the single 100R termination resistor that is suggested.

Inside Beckhoff EtherCAT

I'm fairly sure that the components labelled in green are:

  1. Capacitor
  2. Ferrite beads
  3. Common mode choke

Here is what I believe is the schematic for the LVDS components:

LVDS EMI filtering

Clearly they have had to add all of these components in order to pass EMC testing. I'm quite surprised about the ferrite beads. I've often seen capacitors used in those locations to achieve AC coupling. I would never have thought of putting ferrites in there.

I am designing hardware which implements EtherCAT using the ET1200 ASIC. I would like to pass EMC too, and so I guess it would be wise of me to use the same components.

Questions: What likely values of capacitor and ferrite bead would I need to use? Are there any documents which discuss such EMI filtering techniques for LVDS?

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Can you contact the manufacturer to ask? \$\endgroup\$ – Gustavo Litovsky Oct 9 '13 at 22:01
  • \$\begingroup\$ You've got the same configuration of components half an inch to the right - is this also a port? Is one for tx and one for Rx? \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Oct 11 '13 at 15:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ @GustavoLitovsky - I have e-mailed the manufacturer, but I am still waiting to hear from them. I also asked this question on their private forum, but that's quite a quiet lonely place. \$\endgroup\$ – Rocketmagnet Oct 11 '13 at 19:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Andyaka - That's another TX circuit. This device has two bi-directional ports. From the left, you can see the RX circuit with its two ferrites, then a TX circuit with the choke, then another ferrite pair, then another TX circuit. \$\endgroup\$ – Rocketmagnet Oct 11 '13 at 19:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ is there a possibility that the dots on the CM choke are the other way round and that it is acting more likea balun. \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Oct 11 '13 at 20:06
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In general the the ferrite beads and common mode filters are used to suppress conducted and radiated EMI. This suppression is usually needed to meet radiated EMI specifications.

The goal is to suppress harmonics while passing the fundamental frequency.

Murata has an application note that discusses this without getting into to much math.

see here -> http://www.murata.com/products/catalog/pdf/c35e.pdf

Hope this helps, if you still need this info.

Waltx

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Since the 100MHz LVDS signal is quite weak, the impedance of ferrite bead should not higher than 100ohm, and the CM impedance may depend on the practical noise on CM signals. Do you find the solutions now?

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