In the picture above I am trying to implement a steerable antenna, by means of the phase shifter chips U1, U2, and U3. Each is capable of varying the phase of the input by a maximum of 100 degrees (output depends on the bias). My goal for the antenna is merely to achieve the steering effect by changing the phases. Given that each phase sifter has a insertion loss of 1.4 dB, will I be able to see any steering effect?
My thinking was that since 1.4 dB power loss means a loss of about 14% power, and since without the phase sifters, the array would essentially be a parallel connexion of antenna elements (ANT1, ANT2, ANT3 and ANT4), with the sifters I would still be able to split power among the antenna elements.
So if my input power is 1 W, would the first antenna receive 0.25*1= 0.25 W, the second antenna receive 0.25*0.86 = 0.22 W, the third antenna receive 0.215*0.86 = 0.18 W, the fourth antenna receive 0.18*0.86 = 0.16 W ?
The antennas are monopole antennas designed to work at 2 GHz. I will be testing the steering effect by using a Light Emitting Diode connected to a receiving antenna.