# Chosing XTAL Capacitors for Microcontroller

I am trying to chose the parallel capacitors for the crystal on my micro-controller. The crystal is a 9.6MHz quartz crystal (chosen because 9.6MHz is good for UART communication). Going through the equations I get a value of 32.29pF. This seems higher than what I typically see on boards. This value is also higher than the 15pF recommended value in the Clock App note (image below). Can someone explain to me if I am doing the calculations correct?  MCU = ATXMEGA128A1U
MCU Clock App Note = here

Crystal = 407F35E009M6000

From application documents for the micro controller I get these numbers and equation:

Ce = 2CL - Ci - Cs

where:

Ce - is the external capacitance needed

Ci - is the pin capacitance

CL - is the load capacitance specified by the crystal vendor

Cs - is the total stray capacitance

ATxmega128A1 IBIS file (typical values):

C_comp = 4.44 pF

C_pkg = 0.27 pF

Ci = C_comp + C_pkg

Ci = 4.71 pF

Cs = ~3pF (typical of board traces)

CL = 20pF (specified for crystal).

Using that equation and Ce works out to 2*20 - 4.71 - 3 = 32.29pF.

• Where did "Ce = 2CL - Ci - Cs" come from? Nov 18 '13 at 9:46

$Ce = 2*(Cl - (Ci + Cs))$
$Ce = 2*(20pF - (4.71pF + 3pF)) = 24.58pF$
So I would probably select $Ce=22pF$.