Questions tagged [accelerometer]

A sensor to measure acceleration.

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47
votes
1answer
66k views

What are the differences between a gyroscope, accelerometer and magnetometer?

What is the difference between a 3-axis gyroscope, 3-axis accelerometer and 3-axis magnetometer? How do these sensors work? Why are all 3 used in some devices like smartphones, tablets, quadcopters ...
33
votes
5answers
54k views

How to determine position from gyroscope and accelerometer input?

I have a 3-axis accelerometer and a 2-axis gyroscope. I intend to measure something that only moves in the X and Z axis. I've heard of using Kalman filters to smooth out the acceleration vectors, but ...
16
votes
5answers
5k views

calculating inclination using accelerometer?

i have an analogue devices ADXL203 accelerometer on a breadout board and was wanting to use this to measure the inclination of some equipment at a reasonably high frequency (20-30 Hz). i am hooking ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Measuring small movements of a needle and syringe

My question is how to measure very small movements of a needle and syringe when injecting. When doctors inject local anaesthetic, they always aspirate (suck back) first to make sure they are not in a ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

Acceleration when device is on tilt

I'm currently working on device that uses always-on 3D accelerometer(using scale +-2g) and 3D gyroscope(using scale +-250g) -sensor. I can read every possible vector (X,Y,Z) and their acceleration (g'...
12
votes
2answers
21k views

How Precise can I get with Accelerometer and Gyroscope

I want to build a little project to track an objects position in space. For this I intend to use an accelerometer and a gyroscope. The problem is I want this tracking to be very precise, and I haven'...
11
votes
4answers
16k views

Dead reckoning with accelerometer & gyro. Possible?

I have a 3 axis accelerometer and a 3 axis gyroscope. I've been tasked with developing a dead reckoning system using this hardware. Essentially what's needed is for me to develop some code to track ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Limits of dead reckoning using MEMS sensors

I'm trying to track body parts relative to a person's torso. I see quite a few questions about using MEMS accelerometers and gyros for dead reckoning, and they confirm my suspicions that various ...
10
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2answers
57k views

How to read a gyro/accelerometer

I recently purchased this MPU6050 GY-521 breakout board. I tried it with my Arduino Mega using this Arduino sketch provided by official arduino.cc. (MPU-6050 Datasheet, InvenSence (producer) Page) ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Recovering data from a saturated accelerometer

I have an ADXL345 accelerometer and mounted it to a hybrid rocket to launch. Unfortunately, I forgot to set the range from its default of +/-2g to +/-8g (we expected 6g during liftoff). For +/-2g ...
9
votes
2answers
689 views

accelerometer/gyro combo question

I have a system arm that free-ranges within a certain area. The arm swings, translates and rotates about a vertical axis which sits atop a mobile base. The mobile base can move any direction in the ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

AHRS algorithm under continuous linear accelerations

I have tried several algorithms to get pitch, roll and yaw under continuous linear accelerations and vibrations (smaller than 0.4g, frequency lower than 10HZ). None of them give good results because ...
8
votes
10answers
7k views

Do accelerometers know when they are moving straight up or straight down?

I need a sensor that I can only place on top of an object, to count the number of times the object moves up and down. Would placing an accelerometer on top of the object accomplish this or can it ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Compensating for Accelerometer Cross-Axis Sensitivity

For my inclinometer application, I use an integrated 3-D accelerometer chip that outputs analog voltage. Before I deploy my device, I submit it collect a bunch of samples with different temperature ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Accelerometer double integration error

I wanted to use an accelerometer or IMU to measure speed and displacement over a period of about 1 minute or 400m. From this answer I found at stackoverflow, the error propagates at a rate of \$t^2\$ (...
7
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1answer
2k views

Arduino + gyro/accelerometer == flight controller …?

Can I use the combination of an Arduino Mega + MPU-6050 gyro/accelerator module instead of a flight controller? Is there something else needed? It is said that the gyro/acceleration can be used to ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

In theory, is the position derived from accelerometer absolute?

I recently found multiple research papers that say that in theory double integral of accelerometer data gives a position of the device. Does that refer to absolute position (like the one given by a ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I detect angular movements and disregard lateral movements?

I'm working on a project that involves a flat platform that a user can tilt from side to side and forward and back. I'd like a sensor that can monitor the angle difference between the platform's ...
6
votes
1answer
841 views

How can I lower output impedance of an accelerometer?

I'm planning to use an accelerometer with a microcontroller to measure acceleration. The issue that I have ran across is that in PIC microncontrollers the ADC requires that the connected analog ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

How to determine relative position using accelerometer and gyro data

I am designing a robot, and need to track the distance and direction of the robot motion, Nothing in 3D, I only need x,y and angle in x y plane. My question : Is it possible to use gyro and ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

Identifying component from i2c trace & obscure SMD marking

I wanted to poke around one of those sub-10$ smart bands, so I got a couple of them. I opened it and I was able to identify some major components from the SMD markings, including a Dialog DA14580 MCU, ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Why am I seeing drift when using Madgwick algorithm to correct for orientation with 9 DOF IMU?

I am trying to correctly track orientation of a sensor with accelerometer, gyroscope, and magnometer, using the open source Madgwick algorithm. The algorithm returns quaternions which represent the ...
6
votes
1answer
327 views

Transient drop in accelerometer gravity reading when in motion

I am using Pololu AltIMU-10 v4's accelerometer to monitor the acceleration of my system. I understand that when the sensor is placed upright on the table, it should measure 1g in the +ve z-axis. ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Most small / cost effective way to detect changes in altitude?

I want to make a device, which when placed on someone skiing or snowboarding, will be able to tell whether that person is sliding down the slope. The problem is two-fold. I must first detect whether ...
5
votes
4answers
10k views

Determine the angle and speed of a rotating platform

I have a 1 axis (x) spinning platform, that is spinning pretty fast ~300 RPM. I want to be able to detect with a good degree of precision how many degrees it has travailed from its starting position ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Getting coordinates of a device in a 3d space

I want to make a device that knows itselfs x and y coordinates in a 3d space, for example in a room. I can move the device anywhere in the room but I just need x and y coordinates. Is there anyway ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Modelling MEMS accelerometer's measurement noise using datasheet (ADXL330)

I'd like to model an Analog Devices ADXL330 MEMS accelerometer using data provided in its datasheet to estimate measurement noise. I'm using a simple mathematical model defined in the paper "Non-...
5
votes
3answers
195 views

How to repond to a kinetic impact electronically

Say I have a large soft surface such as a jacket and I want to register it getting hit by a paintball from a paintball gun, how would I do that? What type of sensors could I use?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does MEMS accelerometer stability deteriorate over time?

I am wondering if over time MEMS accelerometer produces any worse output than when it is new? I found this research paper which acknowledges that temperature affect sensor output but there are no ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Accelerometer data smoothing filtering pothole detection

I wanted to start a separate thread concentrating on smoothing filtering and detecting bumps and potholes with an Arduino and my Accelerometer. I'm using an Analog Accelerometer set to 50HZ bandwidth ...
5
votes
2answers
850 views

Placement of sensors, Gyro + accelorometer

Im looking for some placement help for 2 sensors, A gyro and an accelerometer both are going into a helicopter. my guess is to put the gyro and the accelerometer right below the main rotor, ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Identify an Accelerometer in an Xfinity XR11 Remote

part identification question here. It comes from an Xfinity XR11 Remote. It’s used to detect acceleration when picking up the remote. The footprint and part/trace placement heavily matches what I’d ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is one accelerometer enough for detecting tilt/orientation of a rigid body?

I posted this question earlier in physics.stackexchange, but I think this is actually the best place for it. I’m not familiar with sensor hardware, and I don’t really know how an accelerometer works. ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Kalman filter on linear acceleration for distance

In my application to calculate displacement from motion of accelerometer, I am using kalman filter to improve the displacement accuracy. Please note I am aware of ineffectiveness of acceleration for ...
5
votes
2answers
415 views

Adequate decoupling / noise reduction for two accelerometers?

This is my first PCB, so please forgive some of my ignorance! I'd like to mount two accelerometers (ADXL193: +/- 250g), orthogonally, on the same PCB, and have a question about noise. The current ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

How would you dampen this little quadcopter?

Well, I made a little quad from scratch. From scratch as in from PCB design. After assembling, testing, some coding, it turns out my accelerometers get WAY TOO MUCH vibrations and I can't detect ...
4
votes
7answers
3k views

Vibration sensor (accelerometer?)

For growing crystals it is important that there are no vibrations. Is there a cheap and easy way to measure vibrations in the floor, like people walking, doors closing etc.? Perhaps an accelerometer ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

How would I condition the signal from an accelerometer for a microphone input?

I'm looking to measure vibrations using a 3-axis analogue accelerometer connected the the microphone input on a PC. Ideally I want to combine the 3 axis into one signal as I don't really care about ...
4
votes
2answers
306 views

How to get 3D speed vectors?

I want to make a device that measures absolute small scale 3D speed. Small scale as in 10-150cm movements, and absolute as relative to ground and not relative to the device (the device will turn, roll,...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Building small, low-power pedometer/odometer with memory and time/date log

Background I'm a researcher looking at the use of personal tracking devices and apps (like Strava app or Fitbit device) for cycling. At the moment I'm designing a simple experiment where I want to ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

Do I need an accurate clock for an accelerometer?

I am working on a project where I want to get very accurate data from an accelerometer. I plan on sending my data over bluetooth to be interpreted by a computer. I am assuming that bluetooth will ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

MPU6050 accel/gyro noise that behaves strangely - what might be doing this?

I'm experimenting with an MPU6050 six-axis accelerometer/gyro reading data with a Raspberry Pi via I2C. The six-axis response makes sense in general as I rotate it by hand, rotating moves the gravity ...
4
votes
1answer
447 views

Can I reduce energy consumption if I disable accelerometer's axes?

I'm using LIS3DH accelerometer, a 3 axes accelerometer to build a low energy consumption device. For now I just need the Y axis. If I disable X and Z, can I save more energy or the accelerometer use ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Measuring accelerometer frequency with an oscilloscope

I've got a VTI CMA3000-D01 digital accelerometer and I'm controlling it via SPI from a Texas Instruments CC2540 chip using the embedded 8051 MCU. In the datasheet for the CMA3000, it mentions that ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Temperature compensation of LSM303DLHC accelerometer / magnetometer

ST Microelectronics makes the LSM303XXXX, a popular range of 3-axis accelerometer / magnetometer sensors that are used on Arduino breakout boards, etc. The older LSM303DLH sensor has been replaced ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

angle calculations

I am using a Freescale 3 axis accelerometer to build a model that flies and would like to log and calculate angles during a flight. My model can both hover and move up to 40kph as well as rotate on ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Data from BMA180 accelerometer into arduino is sporadic

I've been trying to get a BMA180 (I'm on my second one already) to send a continuous stream of accel data via a serial port (eventually bluetooth but that's a problem for a different day). I've looked ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Wireless accelerometer with Arduino

I'm planning to build something like this: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3RGcYiV4hEE But with an Arduino replaced with the easyUSB chip. Is there any simple solution for that. Here there is an ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Can a 3-axis magnetometer be tilt compensated when moving/accelerating?

I have a magnetometer, accelerometer and gyro which all go swimming (attached to a person.) Data is logged and I now have a sample of that data. I want to calculate the magnetic heading the user was ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

Is there a better filter or a modification to the Kalman filter that could take advantage of having all the data during the trajectory at once?

I am trying to reconstruct the trajectory of an object with an strapped down IMU on board to do dead reckoning. A Kalman filter seems to be in order. But the Kalman filter seems to be oriented toward ...