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Questions tagged [ampacity]

A portmanteau combining the words for Amperage and Capacity. Defined as the maximum current (Amperage) that a device or conductor can carry without sustaining immediate or progressive deterioration. Defined in some electrical codes.

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What's the purpose of temperature ratings of conductors (wires)?

In countries governed by the NEC (like the US), insulated wires typically have insulations with 60, 75 or 90°C temperature rating. Wires have listed ampacities based on their insulation and other ...
alejnavab's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
730 views

Can a 50mm2 cable handle 350 amperes?

Can a one meter 50mm2 cable handle 350 amperes? Of course the measuring is approximate since the cable is flexed.
user331438's user avatar
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1 answer
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Maximum current in MIL-spec D38999 circular connectors

Talking about d38999, does a current/contact heat diagram exist? What a normal d38999 contact temperature can reach before getting damaged? Datasheet of various vendor display a nominal ampacity that ...
UMBRO93's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
169 views

How does the Skin Effect at RF frequencies affect wire ampacity?

Through simulation we can find the current going through an inductor that is part of a filter network and this 1-sheet paper points out that ampacity diminishes with higher frequency because of the ...
KJ7LNW's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
50 views

Ampacity In Ungrounded Conductors, (Sub-Panels, and Loads)

I am 2nd year 1st semester student at Independent Electrical Contractors of Rocky Mountain. This question is from our final Review: This is a fairly straightforward Ohm's law question. Each ...
user1366372's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
4k views

How to optimise wire gauge selection for electromagnetic applications?

Disclaimer: Hobbyist "maker" with limited experience and no relevant education. Please considerate and answer in detail. Feel free to skip to "Question". Context I have an ...
George Kerwood's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Why are AWG charts rated in amperes and not in watts? [duplicate]

American wire gauge chart is rated in Ampacity. Isn't it wise to be rated in watts? Let say a wire is rated to conduct a certain amount of current what's going to happen when the voltage goes higher ...
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2 answers
13k views

NEC Ampacities Data

This data shows the Allowable Ampacities of Insulated Conductors Rated 0 to 2000V, for Copper conductors, as listed in the NEC NFPA 70E Table 310.16, used for estimating the current ratings for power ...
Brethlosze's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why would this power mosfet be made in a surface mount package?

I’m looking at the CSD17303Q5 power mosfet which boasts a 100A max drain current. It confuses me why they have it in a VSON surface mount package because most pcbs would not be able to handle that ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 487
1 vote
5 answers
4k views

Derating ampacity of a wire if it is stranded?

Do I need to derate a wire if it is stranded? Or will a #12 wire have the same ampacity whether or not it is stranded? Is this affected at all by AC versus DC?
MaxwellEE's user avatar
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Battery connector and wire ampacity

I’m considering using a JST ACH connector with my LiPo, but I don’t understand whether the current rating on the data sheet is for aggregate or for each wire individually (which is my guess since they ...
Andrew M.'s user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
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Ampacity of Conductive Tape

How do I measure ampacity of conductive tape? I want to replace a wired battery to equipment connection with copper adhesive tape because I need a very low profile on the connection. The maximum ...
Karl Peters's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
116 views

Are rated cable ampacities per conductor or per circuit?

I'd like to construct a cable using connectors DigiKey 708-1190-ND to connect a 20A LED to its power supply. The connector is rated "32A". In this example the connector's third pin will not be ...
Anthony Fouad's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
351 views

120 Watts and 7.2 Volts, how many Amps?

For a project I need to switch on a simple handheld vacuum cleaner with an Arduino. I am thinking of using a relay or mosfet. I opened the case and a 7.4 V 2200 mAh Li-Ion battery powers the motor, ...
Verman's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
137 views

Ampacity Testing

Just a simple understanding question. If I obtained a DC bench power supply that has a current limit, could I test the ampacity of a wire by connecting said wire across the terminals? So when I slowly ...
Swifty's user avatar
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1 answer
672 views

Proper supply wiring for CNC router 4.1 kW 3Φ motor and 120 V accessories?

I'm building a CNC router table that has a three-phase 220 V spindle motor, and 120 V computer (and accessories). The spindle's nameplate: As you can see it tops out at 20.3 A @ 220 V. The VFD’s (...
Rick's user avatar
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2 answers
1k views

Determining safe current and fuse rating for LV LED lighting

My home builder pre-pulled a length of 18-8 solid copper wire (18 AWG, 8 insulated conductors inside single jacket) into the ceiling of a room where I want to use some LED lighting with a remote power ...
CXJ's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
205 views

Suitable connector/wire for 3A output from PSU

I've searched through the questions that have been asked but none have dealt with this particular problem: I'm designing a PSU board that will have, among other things, a 12V/3A regulator. I want to ...
Tony's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
63 views

PSU for Ampacity test of connection

i have this problem. I have to validate with a test that my connection on my power board can carry the nominal current required by the specs. For current around 10A the setup I'm using is a ...
S.V.'s user avatar
  • 29
1 vote
3 answers
20k views

How to choose proper size of high power DC cable connections

I can't understand how to properly calculate AWG of a cable working in DC at high current: I found several tables for AC, but I don't know if/how they can be applied to DC. My system is rated 70V/...
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Magnet Wire Insulation

A close examination on magnet wire tables of various manufacturers like `http://www.epicos.com/EPCompanyProfileWeb/Content/CABLES/Magnet%20Wire%20Data%20Sheet.pdf (page 9),shows that the ratio of the ...
GR Tech's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
18k views

Which wire gauge for a 250 ampere source?

I have two 6V 220Ah DC golf cart batteries that I want to put in series to make a 12V 220Ah output that I will connect to a 3000W power inverter. My problem is finding the proper connecting wires for ...
user3334776's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Calculate gauge of wire with voltage and current

I would like to figure out these two things: X gauge of wire needed dependent on the current needed, and the length. X max length of wire dependent on the current, and the gauge.
skyler's user avatar
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6 votes
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3k views

Current capacity of copper wires in vacuum

I’d like to know the current carrying capacity of copper wires in vacuum. The current plan (NPI) calls for sending ~3 amps through the vacuum space of a cryostat. Has anyone done this? Have any ...
George Herold's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
29k views

Voltage Drop and Safe Current Load on CAT5 Cable

I am going to use this passive PoE injector cable set to power a Raspberry Pi model B. The Raspberry Pi model B consumes between 700mA-1000mA (mine will also be powering the RPi Camera Module). Using ...
Blake Regalia's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

3 phase circuit, 3 x single-phase (hot-hot) loads: what ampacity?

I'm not an electrician (thus the question), but I'd like to know what is possible from a specification standpoint. Let's say we have a standard 3 phase power supply for a commercial building. We want ...
nsayer's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
896 views

Allowable ampacity through cable

For an application we are considering pulsing a current through a conductor. The conductor have an ampacity rating of 12.5A for continuous operation. During the pulse we get currents around 25A and ...
user1029697's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
4k views

Are there any rules of thumb when computing pulse current ratings for PCB traces?

Say I have a surface PCB trace, 4 oz, 50 mils. That trace should be able to carry around 15 amps continuous, according a calculator I'm using. (Obviously your trace ampacity estimates may vary with ...
Stephen Collings's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

how to calculate thickness of copper conductor

Can you please explain how to calculate thickness of a copper conductor for the next task: I would like to use a DC power supply instead of some batteries for my sensors. So we have V volts and AH ...
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