# Questions tagged [bandwidth]

Related to signal processing (a measure of the width of a range of frequencies, measured in hertz) or the rate of data transfer(or throughput) measured in bits per second

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### Square wave spectrum and knee frequency

There is this rule of thumb to estimate the required bandwidth of a digital signal by its rise time: $$\text{f}_{\text{knee}} = \frac{0.5}{\text{t}_{rise}}$$ This knee frequency is described in "...
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### Long-tailed pair - gain and bandwidth

I'm trying to understand this schematic of this differential probe: I marked some blocks. I have some questions about the block I marked "Long-tailed pair" (LTP). I have no experience with LTPs so ...
37 views

### Is there a configuration where a circuit acts as Bandpass filter in one direction and Bandstop in other?

I am not an expert in electronics. Hence, I am looking for a broad conceptual answer. Is it possible to a directional Bandpass/Bandstop filter i.e. Bandpass in one port and Bandstop in another.
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### what does bandwidth in a channel really mean?

I'm new to EE, just a question on bandwidth in a channel. The book I'm reading describe the definition of bandwidth as The term bandwidth can refer to the number of bits per second that a channel, ...
1k views

### How do I find an ADC circuit's bandwidth experimentally?

I'm trying to measure the bandwidth of a circuit that I've built. It's an analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) with some input protection and biasing. The ADC samples at a constant/fixed 50 kSa/s. ...
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### How high should I make an FSK modulation index value?

After consulting with the radio manufacturer about a setup for my FSK radio module (HM-TRP), they have suggested I program it with the following values when setting up the module for 115kbps: ...
35 views

### CA3140 wideband output amplifier

The following circuit is nearly exactly what I need for the output stage of my function generator: datasheet: https://www.renesas.com/us/en/www/doc/datasheet/ca3140-a.pdf What I don't understand is ...
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### Bandwidth of an oscilloscope with differential probe

I am planning to buy Rigol MSO5204 scope with a bandwidth of 200 MHz. I need to measure the timing difference between 2 (or more) signals of up to +/- 7 ns. Since this scope has 8 GS/s ...
55 views

### Sampling Frequency and Bandwidth

If i have a Buck Regulator switching at 200KHz and i want to sample the Voltage and current using OpAmp in tha path connected to ADC(12 bit). What would be the sampling frequency to measure the ...
38 views

### feedback loop component dc converter

Consider the schematics below, the switching frequency is 250KHz, So, The cross over frequency be 250/5 = 50KHz. My ADC is able to sample at 1MS/s which is good as from the SNR perspective.Now, the ...
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### Bandwidth and Data Rate FSK Demodulations

I have a question about the data-rate limitations imposed from bandwidth for FSK signals. Suppose I transmit an FSK signal with frequencies as: $$f_1 = 2400 MHz,$$ and $$f_2 = 2401 MHz$$ that is ...
41 views

### Convering bandwidth (frequency) to bit rate without knowledge of the modulation?

How would i convert a bandwidth of say 30kHz to bps if I only know the number of bits per sample (4)? (and I was using a two chanel system). I am assuming it is simply 30KHz * 2 * 4 but this may be ...
107 views

### Bandwidth and stability of nonlinear circuit

I'm designing an antilog amplifier which produces an exponential output (0.4 mV to 4 V) for a 50 Hz sawtooth input waveform (4 mV to 4 V ramp). If this were a linear circuit, I could determine the ...
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### Why do OOK transmissions have bandwidth?

With on-off keying, you have a single carrier wave at a constant frequency transmitting its presence or absence. Now I understand that the crystal will not be perfect so you will have some minimal ...
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### Determining sensor bandwidth

I'm currently working on a project making use of ultrasonic proximity sensors. Unfortunately it seems as though well-documented ones are very few and far between (when compared to PIC or MOSFET ...
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### TLC5926IPWPR Clock width

I'm using the TLC5926IPWPR in a design. It uses an SPI interface. The TLC5926IPWPR chip is on a separate PCB than the MCU that is controlling it. The Clock and SDO pin must go through a cable about a ...
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### How to calculate the 3dB point?

I understand this until the final two lines. How does he get from 27.8766 to 1149.8hz and 7224.7rad/s?
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### Bandwidth of triangular wave for desired linearity

I'm attempting to replicate the Wavetek Model 188 Function Generator with original circuitry. This function generator has a 'VCG (Voltage Controlled Generator)' input which allows the user to apply ...
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### What is meant by bandwidth here?

Regarding the following text: Dynamic Range is defined as ratio between the smallest and the largest signals that can be measured by the system. Smallest signal is usually the RMS Noise ...
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### Bandwidth of voltage divider with PMOS switch

Planning to measure (varying under switching e-bike load) voltage from a battery. To step down the voltage panning to use a voltage divider and buffer the output to an ADC via an op-amp. To ...
160 views

### How does Nyquist bit rate formula relate Bandwidth, Signal Rate, and Bit Rate?

I know what each of Bandwidth, Signal rate, and Bit rate mean. But I am having trouble in their mathematical relationship with each other. I will use the notation of the textbook I am reading from (...
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### Can't achieve the goals in designing and simulating Resonator circuit

Goals I need to design resonant parallel circuit and simulate it with LTSpice so that it match with the design requirements correctly. Requirements Source Impedance $R_s = 100\ \Omega$ Load ...
32 views

### Choosing a position sensor (encoder) and obtaining velocity from it

How do I know how many counts per revolution I need for an encoder for my application? I need to be able to accurately capture a 1000 Hz signal on an input side running from 1-133 rev/sec (60-8000 ...
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### Please explain this formula for the relationship between bandwidth and the temporal response of a photodetector

I am reading "Optoelectronic Sensors" by Didier Decoster and Joseph Harari. At section 1.8.2 they start explaining the relationship between rise time and bandwidth, and they give a very weird formula ...
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### Optical bandwidth and electrical bandwidth

I understand the concepts of electrical and optical bandwidths, but I encountered an example problem that used the following formula to calculate the electrical bandwidth: electrical bandwidth = 1/\...
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### Maximum rate Shanon Hartley

i am reading computer networks and i am trying to solve an excercise. the excercise is What is the theoretically the maximum rate at which data can be transmitted to a 4000Hz bandwidth ...
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### How does transistor bandwidth affect stability?

I was watching a video where Dave Jones of EEVBlog interviews Rod Elliot of Elliot Sound Products. Rod was discussing that he tends not to use digital chips in his designs because the chip will become ...
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### Determing proper wireless parameters for HMTRP radio module

I'm trying to properly setup an HM-TRP FSK radio module to send and receive data the best it can at 56kbps. I think I'm wrong with setting it up to use 600Khz "receive bandwidth" and 160Khz "modulate ...
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### Frequency response of the waveguide

So, I have signal in the waveguide that is transmitted by two modes of radiation, for which the delay is for example $\tau_1=6\,\text{ns},\, \tau_2=6.5\,\text{ns}$, respectively. And the energy ...
254 views

### Extension of Audio Amplifier's Bandwidth

I am curious, whether extending audio amplifier's BW (bandwidth) beyond 20 kHz has any benefits compared to 2Hz-20kHz audio BW amplifier? Some say that high-frequency -3dB point should should be ...
310 views

### Simulating and Building a Multiple Feedback Band-Pass Filter

I have a distorted signal, and only want to allow frequencies between 95kHz and 105kHz. The input voltage is at 300mV peak to peak. Thus, I need a Pass Band of 10kHz and a Central Frequency at 100kHz....
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### What is the precise meaning of “matching impedance” for an ultra-wide band antenna, and how to do that?

Well, actually, I'm not sure I really understand what is the meaning of matching impedance, even for an ordinary antenna, but I can figure out the following: if you send a signal to the antenna, then ...
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### Constant DC Load Stability and Bandwidth slewrate

For this circuit, how do I know if the rise edge was limited by slew rate or bandwidth? What's the effect of R2 and C2 on bandwidth? -3db of this circuit in simulation is 649 kHz, I know in ...
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### How to estimate the analog bandwidth?

I have created the low cost oscilloscope and need to estimate the analog bandwidth. I do not have any specialized equipment and just trying to estimate it by watching the response to the square ...
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### How to calculate a voltage/current controller bandwidth based on their gains Kp and Ki?

I am doing some experiments with voltage and current controllers, but sometimes my results are not matching what I expected. At the moment, to calculate the bandwidth of a controller, I am taking the ...
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### Calculating the frequency of data lines?

I read a calculation about determining the bandwidth of USB https://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/all-aboard-/4425691/Rule-of-Thumb--2--Signal-bandwidth-from-clock-frequency Roughly what was said is: ...
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### Finding the Analog Bandwidth of a Voltage Controlled Oscillator

We've built a current starved voltage controlled oscillator And tuned it so it works only in the linear region, which means it oscillations between 720-840 mV, and outputs 3.6-4.4 GHz. In order to ...
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### bandwidth and phase-locked loop

I've been told that phase-locked loop (PLL) increases the bandwidth and therefore makes the time constant smaller. ($\tau = 2Q/\omega_0$ and I understand $Q \propto 1/ \delta\omega_0$) I ...
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### Gibbs phenonemon in real life

If I feed a square wave into a first order, passive, low-pass filter (resistor and capacitor), I get the following results on an oscilloscope (sorry, I don't know how to scale and rotate images): Why ...
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### Parallel RLC Resonance bandwidth

Good day ,I need help in understanding a practice problem that my professor gave us. A parallel resonant circuit has Q = 20 and is resonant at ωO = 10,000 rad/s. If Zin = 5kΩ at ω = ωO what is ...
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### IEEE 802.11b bandwidth and data rates

I am self-studying on how 802.11b bandwidth and data rates are calculated, primarily those of 1 and 2 Mbps. These are my understandings, please correct them if they are wrong. Please keep in mind I am ...
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### minimum readable rise/fall times in an oscilloscope

How can I calculate minimum readable rise/fall times of a signal in an oscilloscope (from practical point of view)? Does it depend just to bandwidth and sampling rate of oscilloscope? regards
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### Transmission and propagation

Two stations are 400km apart from each other. You have access to a 100Mbit/s full duplex radio link which transmits packet of 4000 Bytes in each direction. What is the transmission time? I assume ...
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### calculating maximum sense speed of amplified phototransistor circuit

I made the following photo-transistor circuit to sense light with the exact parts shown. Resistors are 5% tolerance 1/4 watt. The circuit does work, but what I would like to know is how do I calculate ...
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### What are the connection between bandwidth, Nyquist criteria and quantization?

I am trying to solve the below problem and I was not able to find the relation between bandwidth, Nyquist criteria and quantization. Can you please provide some hint? Imagine that the possible ...
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### How does widening the frequency band allows us to make faster pulses in a radio link?

I’m new to radio communication and completely ignorant in the topic. I spent some time writing software which includes calculation of the channel capacity (in bits/second or symbols/second or bauds) ...
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### How do manufacturers limit bandwidth in oscilloscopes? [closed]

I would like to know how do manufacturers limit the bandwidth through software options in oscilloscopes? If i have a MSO with 1GS/s, but e.g. just have 70Mhz out of possible 200Mhz (via software ...
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### GPU-grade memory bandwidth on low-cost FPGA solutions

I'm designing a custom FPGA board, for something low-cost like a Xilinx Spartan 6. I want to perform research about solving memory-intensive algorithms in an FPGA. As we all know, memory bandwidth is ...
Let $G(s) = \frac{Y(s)}{R(s)}$ be the loop gain of a negative feedback loop system. For example a system like this, where Y(s) and R(s) are the laplace transformed functions y(t) and r(t): ...