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Questions tagged [basic]

Fundamentals of electricity, electronics, components, or theory

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0answers
44 views

PC Racing Pedals

I have very limited knowledge of electrical engineering and mechanics (I'm hoping to learn) so please forgive me if this is a stupid/noobish question. I've been thinking about making a steering wheel ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Confusion about current flow

I'm trying to understand how the charging of a plate capacitor works which lead me to question my understanding of current flow. In many explanations, it is said that the voltage source pulls the ...
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2answers
60 views

How can I determine the output in this circuit? [closed]

I have such circuit: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Vin is either equal to Vcc or to 0. How do I go about determining Vout?
4
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2answers
78 views

Finding phase shift between the voltage and current

I am trying to find the phase shift \$\phi\$ of this circuit. I am using the formula: $$\phi = arctan{\frac{X_{L}-X_{C}}{R}}$$ Substituting in the values: $$\phi = \arctan{\frac{2000\Omega-4000\...
0
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1answer
35 views

2 Possible Currents and Vdrops from same Resistor: Which Will it Be? [Beginner]

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Let's say I have a power supply that supplies 5v and 3A. If I add a 2 ohm resistor, it could do 2 different things. Realizing that ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How to determine the steady state voltage across two capacitors in parallel

Say we have two capacitors C1 and C2, initially isolated from each other and each having an initial voltage Vc1 and Vc2 respectively, where Vc1>Vc2. When suddenly connected to each other in parallel, ...
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2answers
67 views

Arduino pin connection basic

In the Arduino Uno's basic manual, connections for fading led are given. They have connected led on breadboard. The positive of led is connected through a resistor to the pin no 9 (pwm) and negative ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Basic circuit - valid pulldown

I am trying to create a circuit with multiple 5V logical control lines pulled down with 10K resistor. Is the below circuit the right answer? I can't help but feel like this will create a short ...
0
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1answer
46 views

How does a circuit regulate current in response to a lower voltage?

Brief background, I studied physics in college and am learning EE on-the-job through Art of Electronics and this wonderful website. So this is a follow up to a previous question I submitted here ...
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1answer
44 views

Basic questions on biasing

I have some trouble understanding a basic concept. Here is my question. This is from a document which can be found on the website, http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/tidu765/tidu765.pdf The text ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you interpret/draw out the simplified circuits in Sedra's Microelectronics?

I legitimately do not understand how the simplified drawings in this book are meant to be interpreted. Coming from a basic circuit analysis class which had everything explicitly drawn, I'm having a ...
0
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2answers
85 views

Voltage Drop doubt

In an ideal circuit with just a battery short circuited, where there is no resistance in the wire, why is it necessary to have resistance along the way? I understand Ohm's Law, and that the current ...
0
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2answers
70 views

Why did Adafruit pick a 10K resistor for this phototransistor breakout?

Adafruit has an ALS-PT19 Analog Light Sensor Breakout. It looks like it has a 10K resistor on it: The ALS-PT19 datasheet says that resistor is to convert the output current of the transistor to ...
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1answer
37 views

How do I determine the capacitor to use when converting current to voltage?

I'm trying to figure out how to use an ALS-PT19-315C/L177/TR8 phototransistor (or something like it). The datasheet has this sample circuit for converting current to voltage so that I can measure it ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

How do current and voltage relate to load?

I think I've lost the plot somewhat on how current and voltage relate to the load in a circuit and I'm hoping for some really basic level clarification. In fact, I'm not really sure how to ask the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Why doesn't current leak to ground (DC)? [duplicate]

In the circuit shown below, I am considering ground to be ideal earth ground (stays at 0V no matter how much current it absorbs). It is my understanding that current flows when there is a potential ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Possible reasons for differences in voltage between garage opener circuit and Raspberry Pi

I am attempting to use my Raspberry Pi's GPIO to activate a garage door opener (specifically Craftsman 139.5364812). As far as I can tell, the garage door is operated by shorting two terminal screws ...
0
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5answers
117 views

A basic question about amps, watts, and charging batteries

Why do we speak of watts (and not amps) when we refer, for example, to the "7.5W Wireless Charger for iPhones," but when we talk about cord-based USB charging, the specs typically refer to amps (and ...
0
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0answers
48 views

This is a basic question but I'm confused please help [duplicate]

I need to power my circuit. I have a power supply of 12v 8.5 amp my circuit needs 12v 1 amp. What do I need to do?
0
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1answer
50 views

monostable Eccles - Jordan multivibrator, theory

I’ve a few problems and questions to the principle of monostable multivibrator’s work. Basic schematic is as below: What is the reason for D1, C1, R3 elements at input? Why I can’t just tie a ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

What is the purpose of extra parallel resistor R2

This probably is a very basic question. I looked at a real world device schematic - a "digital pushbutton" and can't figure out why R2 is necessary. This device is supposed to be connected to arduino....
0
votes
3answers
258 views

Confusion over the power wires of USB (GND and +5v)

I'm converting a battery powered device to be powered off a USB connection. I think I have everything figured out except one thing. I understand there is a GND wire inside the USB cable for power, ...
11
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2answers
1k views

What role does this diode play?

I've just bought an Arduino Uno kit, and am going through all the projects in the booklet that comes with the kit. From even the simplest LED and resistor circuit, to get a feel for the Arduino board, ...
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2answers
65 views

Can't understand a given answer about a 1st Kirchhoff's law question

I am currently studying the textbook "Lectures about the fundamentals of Electrical Engineering" by Adalbert Prechtl and after finishing the theory about Kirchhoff's law, I tried to solve some basic ...
0
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2answers
213 views

741 Op. Amp.: Inverting input connected to output (pin 2 connected to pin 6). What does it mean?

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I am a newbie electronics students. My question is, what does it mean (what happens) when you connect pin 2 to pin 6 on a 741 op. ...
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1answer
32 views

How can I solve for impedances if given RMS currents?

Given a very simple circuit such as this. If I where given the RMS values for the three currents, how could I go about solving R and Xl? (the resistor and inductor in paralell) I know I can not ...
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1answer
97 views

how to wire together multiple photoresistors to make one big sensor?

I'm using an esp32 dev board, and a bunch of 5v laser diode emitters pointed an equal number of photocell resistors across a plane. The goal is only to detect when any two or more beams break at the ...
0
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2answers
43 views

Bjt for trigger MOSFET

I my project MOSFET need 13 v 65% PWM to trigger but controller output is 5 volt then how can I amplify this in voltage
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2answers
73 views

Maximum output power of a PA

I was discussing with a friend about maximum output power of a (class A/B power) amplifier (for example if the device following the PA can only tolerate a certain amount of power). If the input power ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Source transformation violation

Using thevenins or norton theorem, we can easily find current through the resistor as 1 amps. But if we convert the current source to voltage source , current turns out to be zero amps . Why?
0
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2answers
52 views

I need help finding the equivalent resistance

Hello guys , i'm new in the amazing world of electronics , and im very confused with this circuit . Im supposed to find the Req (equivalent resistance , but dont know how in this specific circuit), ...
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vote
1answer
118 views

Basic question about conduction current

Sorry for my english and long post again. After reading this article, I realized that my understanding seemed to be wrong. I thought that to create conduction current in some wire first we need a "...
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1answer
203 views

why does a fuse break when a wire is connected to ac socket directly

I connected ends of wire to ac hot and neutral points of ac outlet sockets - an electric fuse broke and power went off in my house. I understand this happened since there was closed circuit ...
0
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1answer
430 views

RS485 to RS232 conversion?

I need to connect a sensor that uses a RS485 transmission to RS232 or something I can read through the com ports on my data logger. I can't use usb ports or virtual com ports due to the program I am ...
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2answers
135 views

How do you model a “leaky inductor”?

My understanding is as follows: A voltage induces an electric field at a capacitor, which is measured in coulombs. If I wanted the capacitor to leak the charge exponentially, I could model that as a ...
3
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6answers
556 views

What's the rationale behind these warnings about extension cords?

(Disclaimer: I've read the help center and I do understand that this is bordering on off-topic since it's about consumer devices. However I hope that I've managed to make enough on-topic by asking ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

A few basic questions about simple electric circuits

For beginning, sorry for my english and for long post. But maybe it would be useful for others newbies. I'm trying to understand basic things about electric circuits on my own, and at the moment I ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Calculating for Load Resistance given a T network in between the source and the load

Problem: Calculate the value of load resistance (Rl) for which maximum transfer occurs. Attempt: What I know is that for the maximum transfer to occur, the load resistance must be equal to the source ...
8
votes
1answer
706 views

Understanding this circuit with op. amps

I'm studying electrical engineering and I've came to a problem, where I cannot proceed. It's a "simple" task, where we're talking about an inverting op.amp with 2 voltage sources, each 1V, while all ...
0
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2answers
28 views

Figuring out if an led strip/matrix has a short or not with a multimeter

I am relatively new to electrical work, mostly stay on the software side of things. I recently soldered header pins onto a few led matrixes I have. They are 3 wire leds (power, data, ground). I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Basic question I would like to be solved

Can someone please solve this for me, telling me what's the right option and why? I will translate for you the question: "What is the reading shown by the voltimeter inserted in the circuit of figure ...
0
votes
1answer
512 views

NTC 5d thermistor and how to use it

I bought a random thermistor for a circuit I'm planning to build and it turned out to be a NTC 5D-15. I'm trying to build this test circuit: After doing a bit of research, that thermistor resistor ...
0
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2answers
227 views

Voltage across a resistor in RC discharging circuit?

Problem: An RC circuit has a time constant of 68 micro-seconds. The capacitor is charged to 14 V. How much is the voltage across a resistor after 136 micro-seconds of discharge? Attempt: What I know ...
2
votes
1answer
275 views

Current that flows through a 400 watts flat iron connected to a 220 volt power line

Problem: Find the current that flows through the filament of a 400 Watts flat iron connected to a 220 volt power line. Attempt: The only formula I could think of that will connect voltage and current ...
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1answer
69 views

Strange issue with custom 18650 tester

Ive made my own 18650 cell tester that: Fully charges -> fully drains -> partially charges It takes 4 cells, measured independently of each other. While testing the drain circuits (charging circuits ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Safely wiring AA batteries for consumer Arduino product

How do I safely wire AA batteries to improve an Arduino-like device lifetime? Discussion here in the Forum [1] and the Battery University [2] suggests that using parallel AA batteries could be ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Working out what happens to the brightness of a bulb in a simple circuit

I have been going through some past questions for my exam that is coming up this summer. I have come across this question which I originally deemed to be easy however the more I have looked over it ...
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votes
1answer
87 views

What would be logic value of high impedance TTL output connected to LED

Suppose a TTL output in high impedance is connected to a LED, which is also connected to a resistor, which is then connected to ground. No circuit interferes between TTL output and LED, between LED ...
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votes
3answers
221 views

How to make the output of a transistor the same as the input?

I'm new to circuits in general but have a basic understanding of it. However, it seems I can't wrap my head around the following issue: (I'm using Tinkercad Circuits for trying out different ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

N Mosfet basics

Can somebody explain to me why this circuit will not work? It might be that IRF3205 isn't a great choice for an Arduino but it works for Adam Welch on youtube so it should be possible. Tried it even ...