Questions tagged [certification]

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54
votes
3answers
31k views

Which products should have FCC certification and about how much does that cost?

I'm aware that nobody actually does this at the hobbyist level, that successful commercial products have been launched without certification, and it's probably something I can't afford if I have to ...
51
votes
6answers
9k views

Does my Arduino-based device need FCC certification?

I've built a small consumer device that contains an Arduino Nano. It's coupled to a custom daughter board that allows it to pulse a 12V electromagnet at about 1 hertz as well as inteface to some ...
28
votes
5answers
19k views

Things to watch out when applying FCC CE

I have a bluetooth remote control device that uses 2 AA batteries. Due to positive feedback and responses, I'm thinking to sell it to mass market. Thus I need FCC certification. After reading many ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

What is this circular symbol on my SD card?

I have bought a SD card, same as in the picture below. I have found a completely new logo printed on that. I have searched on the internet for this logo, but didn't find anything. Can anyone here ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

At what level of complexity should I consider UL listing my widget?

I am interested in making a widget to sell, but it will probably have a small market and small volume. At what level of complexity should I consider UL listing (or otherwise certifying) my widget? I ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

Symbols: Double-arrow circle enclosed “10” on electronic appliances

What does the symbol that says 10 inside the double arrowed circle mean? I have seen a similar symbol on another appliance that had the number 25
8
votes
1answer
9k views

How to find out which certificates (FCC, CE etc.) are necessary for a product?

Is there any way to find out which certificates are necessary for an electronic device to be sold / imported into US / Europe / Asia? FCC and CE are common knowledge, but then there are other ...
7
votes
2answers
192 views

What certifications are required to sell a home kitchen appliance in the USA?

I have read what the possible answers might be however someone may have had a recent experience dealing in this area. If I wanted to sell an automatic soup maker in the US (please keep in mind that ...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

Certification for automotive accessories?

I have read a number of posts here relating to certification of devices for sale in the US, but the majority of them pertain to emitters such as BLE and Wi-Fi. To keep it simple, I have 2 ...
6
votes
2answers
20k views

How can one verify if the FCC/CE certification mark on an electronic component or product is genuine?

Some companies can be unscrupulous and simply paste a label to fake FCC CE. How can one be sure the label is real? Is there a website for checking the validity of the FCC CE mark?
6
votes
1answer
8k views

What certification do you need to sell electronic device to US market?

Other than FCC and RoHS statement, what other certifications do you need to have in order to sell your product to US Market? My device is a remote control using Bluetooth Module. Operate using 4 x AA ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

Do you need to UL Certified the enclosure with the board inside?

I want to use the RaspberryPI in an industrial environment that requires all devices have UL certification. The RaspberryPI board has UL certification but there is currently no enclosures that are ...
5
votes
1answer
940 views

Are USB protocol and connector free or are they patented?

For a hobbyist developing a device, certification is not pleasant. I am wondering if implementing USB in any way is patented or needs a certification? I am concerned about both protocol (USB-2,3) ...
5
votes
3answers
631 views

How often does EMC certification have to be repeated (especially in Australia)?

I realise that this may be largely legal in nature and may be off topic, but I think that the users of this site are most likely to be able to answer accurately, so I shall ask and risk being shot ...
4
votes
3answers
605 views

What tests should I perform before I claim my enclosure is Type 1?

I've seen varying definitions of "type 1" enclosure, and most of them are informal. I've also heard it informally explained that I should be able to drop a screw into the top of the unit and not have ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Circuit Testing, Verification & Certification Standards for Biomedical Devices

Please note: I would have posted this question on HealthIT.SE but they are apparently now closed for business, and I believe this site is the next most appropriate place to ask this. I believe this ...
4
votes
1answer
345 views

FCC Part 15 Class B Declaration of Conformity (DoC)

I'm familiar with Part 15 FCC testing for intentional radiators (3 meter limits of certain power, must be filed with FCC, requires accredited lab), but I'm a little unclear on the Class B ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Are power supplies for USB drive enclosures required to have UL certification?

I bought a cheap USB hard drive enclosure off eBay. It turns out that the power supply has absolutely no electrical certifications for either the US or EU (no UL, CE marks). Is electrical ...
3
votes
2answers
891 views

Does a computer assembled only from CE marked subassemblies still need CE testing?

The FCC (bulletin 62) mentions an exception allowing someone to assemble and sell computers without the normal FCC testing requirement "as long as they start with an FCC-authorized system and add to ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Can transformerless power supplies be UL/CSA certified and is there any specific standard they must meet?

I am trying to bias a linear optocoupler on the AC mains side of a circuit, in order to transfer analog information to the secondary side of the circuit. I have designed the following capacitive power ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What certifications are needed for GPS/GSM devices in AirPort?

I am kind new in industrial engineering my company has order for several devices which would be used in airport Technics cars. Do I need some kind of special certification for devices that I create to ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Running or belt conveyor with electric motors and control panel need a kind of certification to be sold in US market?

We want to provide new machinery of a runner conveyor and a belt conveyor in the US market. The equipment consists of: the basic construction (metal parts, runners, drums, and belts), electric ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

What tests, certifications and labels do I need on my new electronic gadget? [duplicate]

I have designed a VERY basic lighting gadget -- it's basically a flashlight. It turns on and off with a switch and is powered by a rechargeable Lithium Ion Battery via USB cable. It consists of LED's ...
2
votes
4answers
554 views

Certifications and requirements

I am developing a portable device embedding sensors, Bluetooth, MCUs etc.. At present I'm at a prototype stage and I'm starting thinking about production. What kind of certification steps do I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
953 views

Do I need FCC certification to sell if my device uses ISM bands?

I have made a portable xbee-like transceiver. The system will be operating at 2.44000GHz (RX) and 2.46000GHz (TX). The TX power to the antenna is well underneath +30dBm; the EIRP is also less than +...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Of what real, practical use is electronics certification?

I am brand new to EE/ECE and am aware that companies such as UL offer a gammit of services such as: Circuit verification (they verify your schematic does what its supposed to do and doesn't have any ...
2
votes
1answer
480 views

CE mark on a PCB sold as a part of a kit or part of a project, necessary?

I've a prototype that I want to sell as a product. My prototype is made by an aluminium structure, a motor, a moving part (made by 3D printer) and an electronic circuit. The electronic circuit is ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Where can I find ultrasound machine regulations?

Diagnostic ultrasound machines are limited in their output power so that the sound waves don't cavity the microbubbles in the body. What I want to know is how do manufacturers prove their power ...
2
votes
2answers
449 views

FCC labeling rules - repackaged tablet

I am considering taking a commercial available, FCC certified tablet (with 802.11 b/g/n) and packaging it in a plastic "clamshell" with an additional battery to prolong run time for a specialized ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Understanding ETSI EN 300 frequency hopping transmit time limit

In ETSI EN 300 328 V2.1.1 (2016-11), section 4.3.1.4.3.1 Non-adaptive frequency hopping equipment (under Requirements for Frequency Hopping equipment limitations), it is stated: ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

Switzerland - IEC vs UL vs VDE vs CSA ratings [closed]

I'm currently looking for a new connector for a PCB embedded in a household device with ABS housing. The connectors are intended to have 3 phases, 1 neutral and 1 ground wired to it. On swiss ...
2
votes
1answer
376 views

CE and FCC for MCU boards/Raspberry Pi HATs/Arduino shields etc

There doesn't seem to be a great deal of information on the internet about this (and the information that there is is usually contradicted somewhere else), so I'm going to ask this here, in the hope ...
2
votes
1answer
510 views

Do we need the CE certification for test series in quantity of 100pcs

We are developing a multimedia application WiFi + Audio out + Mic Input + and few buttons), which we plan to produce in the number of 100 pieces and half of that sell to our aquaintances and the rest ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Realtek 8188 WiFi module continuous transmit mode [closed]

I'm going to certify an appliance with a RT8188 WiFi module, for which I did the Android port and wrote the software. The certification laboratory is now asking me to write a test software that can ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

How to get CE markings for a PC I assembled from CE certified components?

If I purchase a kit from a website like overclockers.co.uk which includes a quality power supply, motherboard, CPU, etc. Everything is CE certified and all components are the highest grade. All I am ...
1
vote
2answers
412 views

FCC Requirement for device to device output power variability?

I'm working on a BLE capable device using the Nordic Semiconductor nRF52 SoC, and we're going to have to go through FCC testing. But one thing that I am not clear on, at all, is the tolerance in ...
1
vote
1answer
603 views

ISO standards test for vibration resistance of electrical equipment

I would like to test some electrical contacts for oxidation wear resistance in indoor environments and in cars including off road vehicles with a lot of vibration. Are there some ISO standard tests ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

If my product uses a certified RF transmitter, is it treated specially by the FCC?

So I have a product. It uses the Particle P1 as the microcontroller and WiFi RF setup (with onboard antenna), which is pre-FCC certified; it has a ("Contains Transmitter") FCC ID that you put on the ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

International Electrical Certification

I am involved in a project where we will be doing a run of about 200 products. We do not know where in the world our client will be sending these products. Each product uses mostly off the shelf ...
1
vote
2answers
322 views

Mains isolation is mandatory for UL/CE/CSA compliance and other certification?

I have a design with a non user accesible low voltage section. Is mandatory to do mains isolation to pass succesfully UL/CE/CSA despite my low voltage section is not accesible for user?
1
vote
3answers
20k views

UL/CE/CSA certification for low voltage electronics/LED product?

I am working on a fairly simple LED product that would use an external power supply (12V). Certain configurations of the product may require more than 100W. I could also configure the product to use ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Understanding cable standards for low voltage conductors in high voltage environments

I am currently getting some custom cables made and having a serious communication issue with several cable manufacturers. I want several low voltage (5V DC) insulated conductors in a jacket that can ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Modifying and recertifying equipment for Explosive Atmospheres IEC 60079

I'm wondering what is involved in modifying equipment that has been certified for use in explosive atmospheres, such as ATEX Zone 1 or 2. A couple of times recently at my work we have discussed ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What 'rated voltage' means in VDE certificates?

In a VDE certificate for a component (plugin green terminal blocks), a column gives the "Rated voltage(s) / V" with a value of "400" without specification wether it's VAC or VDC. Does this mean that ...
1
vote
1answer
841 views

Can you reuse FCC certification from a pre-certified RF chip and antenna for a new product?

I am in the process of designing a board that turns a Gameboy into a Bluetooth controller. Due to size constraints, I would like to use the ESP32-PICO-D4 standalone chip by Espressif instead of one of ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

What special problems are there if I use two radio modules on the same board?

I have to develop a project that basically receives and sends data on a Bluetooth LE module, and then changes the stream a bit and re-sends or receives that information on another radio module in the ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

So, what's the best way to go about evaluating a device for class 1 div 2 ( or Zone 2)

We purchase a small low power embedded computer from an OEM based out of United States. The device is not currently certified for Class 1 Div 2 (or Zone 2 which is the Canada/Euro equiv). We need this ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Finding manufacturer of product based on certifications

I really do not know where to ask this question so I am starting here. If you believe there is a better place let me know and I will gladly move post. I bought an induction cooktop from amazon and ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

LiPo battery certification standards for EU and US

We are bringing a wearable product to the market that is powered by a 3.7V LiPo battery. The product will be sold initially only in the EU and US markets. We are currently in the process of performing ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How do I determine battery manufacturers/companies whose batteries that have met UL 1642 certification?

How do I determine battery manufacturers/companies whose batteries that have met UL 1642 certification? I am asking because I want to determine other companies whose products have successfully ...