# Questions tagged [circuit-theory]

The tag has no usage guidance.

120 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
53 views

### IV curve arithmetic - reference request

When playing around with electrical concepts in my head, I realized that the IV characteristic of any combination of elements, in series or in parallel, can be computed by simply adding the IV curves ...
70 views

### How to find Io using superposition theorem? [closed]

Find Io using superposition theorem. Trying to find the answer for the past few hours, but i cant find the answer. From simulation that i got Io= 1.6mA Solved I2, but i cant find I1 using open circuit ...
1 vote
247 views

### How to write the equation for the input side of a JFET?

I have been reading about the voltage gain of JFET, but I am unable to understand how to write the equation for the input side. Can somebody explain the method to write the equation for the input ...
138 views

### Resistive network with two voltage sources

Update: (I updated the description/Question for clarity) I am currently stuck trying to solve a seemingly simple resistive network. The voltages U1 and U2, aswell as Rr are known. The unknown ...
99 views

### Why doesn't mesh analysis work here?

I am new to theory of circuits and I just learned about mesh analysis. When I was doing some reviewing, I stumbled across this question and wonder if you can use it here: I plugged the equation into ...
1 vote
89 views

### Transient Charge Density in Conductor

Veritasium's (Derek Muller's) video How Electricity Actually Works makes the claim at 4:44 that: The truth is, if you average over a few atoms, you find the charge density everywhere inside a ...
1 vote
49 views

### Computing input resistance of two common-base configurations

When computing the input resistance of this common base configuration, the collector current $I_C$ is approximated as equal to the emitter current $I_E$: simulate this circuit – Schematic ...
39 views

### Combining cable resistance and law of resistances in parallel circuits

For a parallel circuit it is true that $1/R = 1/R_{1} + 1/R_{2}$ Consider two equal cable switched parallel to each other. Their individual resistance is $R = phi * l * A$, where phi is constant. ...
25 views

### Solving an AC Circuit Inverter Estimate

This is an electric power engineering question not electronic so this circuit doesn't actually solve. I added it for illustration purposes. Srate = Sout. I'm trying to solve this below circuit for Vg ...
2k views

### Does a resistor between two pairs of series resistors affect the equivalent resistance?

For the below DC circuit, does the 1Ω resistor in the middle have an effect on the equivalent resistance? If it does, how would you calculate the equivalent resistance? The rules for series and ...
180 views

### How to find a missing resistor?

This seems to be a really simple question. I'm not really sure where I went wrong in my solution. Please forgive me if this seems irritatingly simple, I've only just started learning about electric ...
1 vote
193 views

### How to simplify this complex DC circuit?

I find it very hard to simplify this circuit. Currently practicing for my removal exam and this was one of the problems I failed on one of my previous exams. Especially the middle part makes me so ...
728 views

### What is the maximum current of an electronic load?

Here is the specification of an electronic load: If the load is set in current mode, the current is limited to 25 A. Nevertheless, if the current is set in resistor mode, I could think that it is ...
121 views

### Good way to obtain voltages along (non-uniform) $RC$ line

I have a long RC line, e.g.: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Is there a good way to obtain the voltages on nodes V1, ..., Vn (possibly approximated) at a specific ...
1 vote
400 views

### Synthesizing an impedance given by transfer function (poles/zeros) using a passive network

I would like to synthesize an arbitrary passive network based on a given transfer function (poles/zeros). The origin is the output impedance of a voltage regulator for which I want to find an ...
174 views

### Transistor analysis with 2 voltage sources

I want to calculate the DC currents of this circuit, and based on the superpostion theorem, I thought of ignoring Vqdc9 first, in order to calulate I2, I21 and I22, as shown in figure 2. After that, I ...
241 views

### How do I use Norton's Theorem to find the current in this resistor? [closed]

I've been trying to solve this question but it seems impossible
207 views

### Mesh Current Method and Analysis DC

This is my approach so far: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I'm having problems with the third loop, only because of the fact that there are two batteries that are ...
2k views

### Do higher voltages cause heating?

I'm trying to wrap my head around energy consumption in general. For some background info, I'm an engineering student and am familiar with the usual electrical engineering formulae Here is what caused ...
169 views

### How do you prove that a certain circuit is impossible to construct with a certain amount of switches?

I wanted to make a subcircuit, which, if viewed as a black-box, is a two-terminal device, which can behave as a closed circuit (0 Ω) 25 Ω 50 Ω an open circuit (∞ Ω) (sans non-idealities of course; i....
600 views

### Is it possible to constrain a circuit's voltage supply to a specific voltage range?

I have a circuit which requires exactly 12v to work properly, with a maximum tolerance of ±0.5V. The circuit is arbitrary and one can think of it as a theoretical question, but let's say that it ...
308 views

### Books on network theory [closed]

I really want to know which books should I read to learn the subject- Network theory in electrical engineering. I know there are some popular books out there in the market, but I will really ...
515 views

### Is reactive power periodic in nature? What is the exact difference between active power, average power, and real power?

Consider an RC circuit which is supplied by a sine source $$v(t)=V_m\cdot \sin(\omega t)$$ The current through the circuit will be i(t)=I_m\cdot \sin(\omega t+\phi) \\ \phi=\arctan \left(\dfrac{1}{\...
128 views

### Why reactive components have less influence at low frequencies?

Some textbooks state that reactive components (may) have less influence at low frequencies, since inductance and capacitance are generally more significant at hifh freqs. "Pratical electronics ...
161 views

1 vote
187 views

### Complex impedances of capacitors/inductors in the phasor domain

I'm trying to verify the complex impedances of passive components in the phasor domain (not s-domain). Take for example the inductor, whose element law is $v = L \frac{di}{dt}$. Assuming a complex ...
1 vote
1k views

### dependent current source polarity

In this question, I apply the current cycle law, I find the current i1 to 25uA. I find the voltage on the dependent current source -2 volts. When I go through the formulas, there is no problem here. ...
173 views

### Transient solution of current in circuit with two coupled inductors, with resistances

Circuit in question is given below. I want to find why I can not get the same current waveform as PSpice gives me. Basically I want to calculate formula for i1(t) by hand and get something as close ...
453 views

### Why is this two-inductor circuit first order?

I have the following circuit with two inductors. Apparently this is a first order circuit (judging from my solutions for $i_1, i_2$; and circuit simulations) but it's not intuitively clear to me ...
184 views

### Confusion Between Dual Capacitor/Inductor Circuits

I'm trying to physically understand the responses of this pair of (dual) circuits: a step current source driving a capacitor and a step voltage source driving an inductor. simulate this circuit &...
1 vote
146 views

236 views

### Relation between transmission line and circuit impedance

What is the relation between the impedance of lumped components and the characteristic impedance of transmission lines? I have noticed that in some cases transmission lines are loaded with lumped ...
62 views

### Maximum error of nominal resistor combinations

Suppose you have resistors which have nominal values of $R_0$ or $2R_0$ but can vary to be anywhere between $(1 ± .03)R_0$ or $(2 ± .06)R_0$, respectively, so each can have about 3% error. ...
104 views

### Linear Circuit and System Interpetation

My question is about interpreting a given circuit as being itself a linear system. We know that a linear system needs to satisfy the superposition principle: if $f(ax_1+bx_2)=af(x_1)+bf(x_2)$. This ...
1 vote
2k views

### Capacitor sign convention

I am a lot confused about how to assign the current of a capacitor and the sign of its constitutive relation, because usually in physics and in engineering there are different conventions. There are ...
540 views

### Why should signals in circuits propagate much slower than the speed of light?

I've read a couple of other topics (such as this one and this one) about the lumped circuit abstraction requiring that signal timescales (i.e. the period of the highest frequency signal component) be ...
1 vote
392 views

### Norton Equivalent and current convention

Consider that we are trying to find the Norton equivalent of a certain circuit . According to my understanding , while finding the short circuit current or the Norton current , we should point it ...
72 views

### Equivalent circuit with voltage buffer

let's consider this circuit: Consider the node A: it is at GND (0 V) because of the voltage buffer at right. So my question is: is it possible to remove it and to consider the following simplified ...