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Questions tagged [communication]

Exchange of information between devices. Communication can be wired or wireless.

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What chips can be used to design an Anti-Counterfeit /Authentication circuit? [on hold]

I am an intern within the R&D branch of a company that designs tools that must operate with low noise at extremely high external temperatures (upwards of 175C). My boss asked that I look into ...
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0answers
10 views

Xbee Router in API mode not sending frames from UART input?

My current system is setup as follows: MCU ------ Xbee A(Router) ------ Xbee B(Coordinator) Xbee A is a router in API mode, Xbee B is a coordinator in API mode. MCU is MSP430, Xbee modules are ZB ...
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1answer
34 views

Can I use a Ku band satellite dish for Wi-Fi?

Satellite TV works at 18-24Ghz and WiFi at 2.4Ghz, will a T.V dish antenna work for WiFi? Diameter of the dish is about 60-90cm
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1answer
52 views

Digital transmission of composite video [on hold]

As the tittle suggest, I was thinking about making a wireless composite video transmission between a small camera (such as those sold for flying fpv) and a receiver. The two main specs it must have is ...
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0answers
13 views

XBEE3 802.15.4 Communication

I am designing a sensor network with the XBEE3 modules programmed and paired with IEEE 802.15.4 protocol: https://www.digi.com/resources/documentation/Digidocs/90002273/#concepts/c_90002273_start.htm%...
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1answer
63 views

Communication between device for 5 meters and low speeds

I need to make a communication between only two devices with a distance of 5 meters, which are connected by a cable of 4x2.5mm² (see in the image), being 1 wire for GND and wire for 12v, that would ...
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3answers
55 views

Does data rate increase with channel frequency?

It is commonly said that a higher channel frequency implies a higher data rate. For example, in https://www.howtogeek.com/222249/whats-the-difference-between-2.4-ghz-and-5-ghz-wi-fi-and-which-should-...
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1answer
53 views

How to calculate the 3dB point?

I understand this until the final two lines. How does he get from 27.8766 to 1149.8hz and 7224.7rad/s?
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0answers
13 views

Average and maximal number of time slots in adaptive tree walk protocol

I was wondering if it is possible to know the maximal and average number of time slots that will pass until and including the time slot in which there will be a successful broadcast, knowing that two ...
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1answer
61 views

Bluetooth vs BT Beacon [on hold]

While trying to understand how BT devices work I came across another related term "BT Beacon". Is it same as BT communication or if a device is termed as BT beacon then it would have some specific ...
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1answer
43 views

I/O expanders- CAN & I2C

Currently in my system we use 16 I/O expanders with I2C interface. I want to change it to CAN interface. Which is the best possible way without compromising the cost? I tried searching for 16I/O ...
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0answers
28 views

Implications of using a 2C-#18 twisted shield pair nec type cmr cable for RS-485

The cable will be passing modbus and another equal cable will be used for loadshare. The total cable distance will be about 100ft. Its catalog number E2032S. I notice other threads related to CAT5, ...
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22 views

Bluetooth Mesh Module

So I would like to design a device that allows me to send instructions to different devices (each containing a HC-06 Module). I would like to ask if it would be ideal to use a Bluetooth Mesh? This is ...
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5answers
3k views

How fail-safe is \n\r as stop bytes?

In my UART communication I need to know the start byte and the stop byte of the message sent. The start byte is easy but the stop byte, not so much. I have implemented two stop bytes at the end of my ...
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0answers
19 views

calculating the probability of a successful broadcast in p-csma protocol

am quite unsure with the following question. would appreciate your help with it: in a 3 stationed p-csma network, where \$p=0.3\$, we know that in \$t_0\$ the network is restarted, the channel is ...
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1answer
54 views

RS422/RS485 data input series resistor

I am using an RS422/RS485 driver to send Arduino 5V logic data over longer distances. I use the SN75174 driver for this purpose. In order to avoid ringing, I am not sure if I have to connect a series ...
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1answer
74 views

Weird character from UART. STM32L100RC

I'm having problems communicating with UART on my STM32L100RC discovery board. I get character such as xþ when I'm sending the letter 'F'. I'm using Hercule to receive data. Hercule's configuration is ...
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1answer
57 views

Finding the overhead and distance of an unknown code based on message making algorithm

for an information word M with m bits that is coded as following: M is coded into a word A using an unknown code that allows detection of not more than one error. the code word is the word obtained ...
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1answer
45 views

Why always in communication protocols R/W configuration,Reading is configured by “1” and writing by “0”? [closed]

when a microcontroller communicates with another one via one of the communication protocols there is a configuration bit in a control register to choose whether to send(write) or receive(read) this ...
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2answers
85 views

RF communication vs Bluetooth [closed]

I'm starting a new project in my Electrical Engineering degree at my university and I need help. Overall, my project is about a mini robot that collects data and sends it (via wireless communication) ...
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0answers
43 views

What effect do R5,R6,R7,R8 have on the following DSBSC Modulator?

I know that the first 741 essentially adds m(t) and c(t).The gain should be 1 so why do we have 3.9kohms resistance ? What use is it ? The second 741 circuit is a band pass filter . I think there is a ...
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0answers
67 views

TCA9548A (I2C multiplexer) works for a few minutes and then hangs

I'm having trouble getting the TCA9548APWR to communicate for longer than a few minutes. I'm only able to get it to "reset" by resoldering it. I have used both an Arduino Mega and a Beaglebone Black ...
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0answers
28 views

Antenna formed from the RF module shielding wall and cover

Can anyone provide details how an antenna can be designed from RF module shielding wall or cover? More specifically if any company is making this kind of antenna product for general communication or ...
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1answer
42 views

How is the power calculated for Si(t) in the picture?

The formula I've seen is to multiply the signal by its complex conjugate, then integrate across the time period interval, and then divide by the period. But when I do that I don't get A^2/2
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0answers
56 views

Demodulation of a 38 kHz IR PWM signal

I want to learn how to demodulate a 38 kHz IR PWM signal.(Such as that transmitted by a TV Remote Control) I know it can be demodulated easily using a TSOP1738 IR receiver. I realize that the ...
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0answers
14 views

NB-IoT/CAT-M1: Llimitation to the actively connected devices

For the new Cellular IoT technologies NB-IoT and CAT-M1, is there a limitation to the number of modems that can be connected to the base station at one time? I tried searching for this but I couldn't ...
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1answer
105 views

How does Nyquist bit rate formula relate Bandwidth, Signal Rate, and Bit Rate?

I know what each of Bandwidth, Signal rate, and Bit rate mean. But I am having trouble in their mathematical relationship with each other. I will use the notation of the textbook I am reading from (...
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0answers
50 views

a tricky question regarding CDMA with 4 stations

i have encountered this tricky questions that left me really confused, would really appreciate your insight regarding it: given a cellular system with four stations that utilizes CDMA. given the ...
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0answers
32 views

Data communication in power harvesting project

I want to design a wearable gadget for elderly to detect falling. This gadget should work by energy harvesting. Now I want to find the best effitient way of power consumtion to send data to a station ...
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3answers
88 views

Choosing best bus and protocol for ~128 clients over the wire

I am up to design system with ~128 MCUs communicating to one MCU master. Communication will be bidirectional. Data will be mostly sensor reads, but I plan to use the bus also as communication method ...
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1answer
40 views

What are the factors that affect delay/latency between base stations?

I am modelling a 5G network, with the uplink and downlink being decoupled and treated as separate networks. I am exploring the integration of fog computing and how latency varies between different ...
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0answers
37 views

Intercom device, door-opener and door-bell

I got a Bticino intercom system (non-wireless). I did some restoration in my hallway and disconnected the device. Unfortunately I do not remember how it was wired before I set it up afterwards. Now we ...
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0answers
41 views

Wifi coaxial cable type unknown

Quick question, I was unable to identify the coaxial cable type used in wifi devices(routers ,tablets,etc.) , very thin grey cable approximately 1mm in outer diameter, I need to know the type so I can ...
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1answer
90 views

How do I stop signal looping with I/O port in this communication system

I am still a student. When I am designing communication system I am facing this problem: As shown in the figure I need to communicate with Master and Slave. But Master and Slave have single I/O port ...
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0answers
58 views

Generating a specific sequence of signals in Verilog with timing requirements

I am a beginner in Verilog, and as a part of a project, I have to send a sequence of signals to a chip in order to program one of its parameters. This Verilog code will be synthesized on an FPGA, and ...
3
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2answers
59 views

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically?

What does the phase discriminator portion of the Costas Receiver do mathematically? The output of the I-channel is \$ \frac{1}{2}A_C \cos \phi m(t) \$. Which means for small deviation of phase \$ \...
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1answer
35 views

Does DSB-SC signals retain original shape of the message signal \$ x(t) \$ when \$ x(t) <0 \$?

The conventional DSB-FC AM signal is given by: \$ s(t)=[A+x(t)]\cos \omega _C t \$ In conventional DSB-FC AM we take care of the fact that \$ |x(t) | <A\$. So that the modulated signal is not ...
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2answers
83 views

Transmission of information in terms of information theory and protocol

I am a student studying wireless communications. First of all, I learned that In AWGN channel, i.e., y=x+n with n~N(0,sigma^2), the amount of information that can be transferred (i.e., capacity) ...
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128 views

How is the power of a SSB-SC signal half that of DSB-SC signal?

Intuitively I get it that my SSB power has to be half of DSB power but mathematically I am unable to get this. Say working for tone modulation. $$m(t)=mA\cos(w_mt)$$ where m is modulation index. ...
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0answers
18 views

XBEE S3 PRO loses comms beyond 800 meters with a 7dbi Antenna

My XBEE S3 PRO loses some packets when transmitting 800 meters away from the XBEE Pair. Even though we used a 7 dbi car antenna with sma jack. we used a jack converter from sma to rp sma (if that ...
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0answers
21 views

What is the meaning of reciprocal communication range in the context of wireless communication?

Does it mean the carrier sense range is equals to the communication range, as this paper mentions the system has no hidden terminals due to reciprocal range ?
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1answer
54 views

What are the equations/values for Rayleigh Fading, path loss and log-normal shadowing?

I am to use the following equation as part of a model for a wireless communications network: I would like to know the specific parts of the eqautions: "k" - is this the Boltzmann constant? "v" - I ...
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1answer
33 views

Peak-to-Average Power Ratio in OFDMA Communication

I am looking for a formula to calculate the Average Power of a square wave used in APSK Modulation. In my textbook, the example above is given with no formula so I am a loss how the value for ...
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3answers
56 views

Multiple input to single output converter and vice versa

First question so please forgive any mistakes. I'm trying to design a system by which multiple LEDs are controlled by multiple switches, but without using as many wires as there are switch/LED pairs. ...
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1answer
45 views

SPI terminology confusion for project

I am working with the FET335xS-II OBC developed by Forlinx for a school project. On the data sheet, There is no indication of pins pertaining to MOSI and MISO but instead "data 0" and "data 1". I am a ...
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1answer
75 views

Does disconnecting the Tx+ and Tx- wires in the ethernet cable make it Unidirectional for Packet (TCP) sniffing

The DCSW-1005(10/100Base-T) Ethernet switch/TAP can be used as a network TAP (as well as Ethernet switch), in which a copy of outgoing and incoming packets associated with Port 1 (Target port) are ...
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0answers
119 views

Why is there no reponse from ModbusRTU slave using converter?

There are two devices: Eaton EM20/M (~like Northern Design Cube 400) Volison ADM-5850G Connected them like: Trying to get data from EM20/M which supports ...
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1answer
61 views

SIM800L cannot init

I'm working with SIM800L for remote-sensing communication via GPRS. The problem is, everytime the module is running initialization function (SIM800.begin(), different for every SIM800L library), it ...
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2answers
46 views

Finding required BW with Bessel table

The FM signal (see image 1) is applied to a 50 Ohms antenna, and I am seeking the required bandwith with the Bessel table (image 2). From the FM signal, I deduced that the information frequency is ...
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2answers
60 views

Noise power at receive antenna with finite transmit SNR?

I have seen a few examples of link budgets, and they all assume that the total noise at the Rx is just going to be -174 dBm + 10 log BW. However, this seems to me to assume that the transmit signal is ...