Questions tagged [control-system]

A system that may be electronic circuits or even software that uses control theory (principally differential equations) to control an output by monitoring various aspects of the system under control and varying inputs all towards meeting a defined goal. Some famous examples are controlling a rockets thrust angle to ensure directional control.

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117 views

Find transfer function and step function for this circuit

Can someone help me to find the transfer function of this circuit (i want to have the tension through the capacitor I think) and the step response in order to get the voltage in the function of the ...
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1answer
82 views

What does zero transfer function mean?

I am solving a problem where I have to find the transfer function of a system. The system is $$A = \begin{bmatrix}2&-1&2\\0&1&-2\\0&0&-1\end{bmatrix}, B = \begin{bmatrix}1\\1\\...
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1answer
93 views

Linearizing hall effect sensors outputs

I'm trying to find a robust solution to linearize four hall effect sensors outout to obtain a signal that I can use in a PID control scheme. The output data is collect via 4 ADC channels on an ...
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0answers
74 views

tracking error state space, linear control example

I am trying to understand a detail from an example, from the control textbook Slotine and Li (1991) "Applied Nonlinear Control", Prentice-Hall, Example 6.4, pag. 220. A linear system is given: $$\...
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1answer
231 views

Tuning PID coefficients for stationary stability of brushless DC motors

I'm using a commercial off-the-shelf brushless DC motor controller. It combines a PID controller and an absolute encoder to regulate position. When my motor reaches its target state, it generates a ...
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0answers
67 views

Designing PID to reject load disturbances of dead-time process

I am using the PID Tuner for the PID Controller Block in Simulink. I am particularly interested in the output disturbance BODE plot. I am trying to achieve an acceptable output disturbance with the ...
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0answers
663 views

Deriving PI controller transfer function when input is reversed

I'm developing the compensator for the linear DC Bench Power Supply I'm designing. As I've come to deriving the transfer function for the op amp-based compensator, I realize I've been depending on a ...
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0answers
35 views

Transient Response and s-plane root location

A second-order system has the closed-loop transfer function T(s)=Y(s)/R(s). The system specifications for a unit step input is as follows: I managed to solve the problem until this step. But I am ...
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0answers
38 views

Nonlinear Observer Question for BLDC

I'm looking at the article posted here, and I'm trying to figure out what it is that they're controlling and how. Specifically, Dave Wilson from TI gave a presentation called "Teaching Old Motors New ...
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0answers
28 views

Transfer function using signal flow graph problem

Determine the system transfer function for the following signal-flow diagram of figure I have shown my attempt of solving this problem. Can anyone tell me whether I did this problem properly?
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0answers
31 views

Stability of Buck Converter when output capacitance is variable

I am designing a buck converter for an application that has several different loads. Depending on what devices are connected, the capacitance seen at the output of the buck converter can vary ...
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0answers
23 views

Is it possible to predict the operating state of a power system (using MATLAB) if I have calculated the voltages at all nodes by state estimation?

If I have calculated all the node voltages by state estimation, is it possible to predict which operating state my system is at? By operating state, I mean any of the following: ...
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47 views

Controller for RC Filter

My class was asked to implement in MATLAB, a controller for an RC filter configuration with output response: 4/(s+3) The controller should give an output response whose steady state is 1 to unit ...
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0answers
107 views

CANopen SYNC object and synchronous window length

In CANopen specification there is an object called Communication Cycle Priod [1006h]. This is the time interval between two consecutive SYNC objects. There is also another object called Synchronous ...
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0answers
118 views

design a modular system, choosing bus and backplane

Our team has developed a several controller boards for our current Projects for over three years. With little modifications we have used this board in several projects so far. Its structure is as ...
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0answers
36 views

Finding the memory polynomial model coefficients

I want to build a memory polynomial model given that I know the corresponding output signals for known input signals. What is the easiest way to find the coefficients of it? And how do we take the ...
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0answers
27 views

Designing a CCM Boost PFC rectifier circuit

I am working on designing a CCM Boost PFC rectifier circuit, supplying up to 2.8kW at 400Vdc nominal, while taking 230Vac, 50Hz controlled via negative feedback in the average current control mode. I ...
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0answers
59 views

Control issues: Simulation of PMSM in FOC Model

I have been designing a model of an already existing actuator which is run in FOC with an SVPWM inverter and cascade speed-current control. Losses like eddy current or hysteresis, or switching losses ...
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0answers
50 views

What is the meaning of the first gain in the block diagram?

I have do design a circuit based on the block diagram below. I know how to design the PID part but I don't understand what the K=2 is. For the PID I have made the following:
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1answer
155 views

Gain of an experimental first order step response

I have a pwm driven DC motor control system with magnetic encoder that measures the output shaft speed and outputs the RPM values every 50ms over serial comms to plot a graph of RPM vs Time. The ...
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2answers
248 views

State Space model for three-loop circuit

How do I choose the least number of state variables for the following circuit? I started out by assuming currents $$i_{1}, i_{2}, i_{3}$$ in each of the loops and applied KVL, which fetched me three ...
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2answers
479 views

Transfer function of phase change controlled with capacitance

We have an RLC series circuit with sinusoidal voltage source of frequency \$\omega\$. The normal transfer function of current to voltage is: $$ G(s) = \frac{I(s)}{V(s)} = \frac{1}{R+s L+ \frac{1}{s C}}...
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1answer
599 views

Understanding the role of Pole zeros cancellation from the definition of stability

I have encountered the following theorem in a book. According to me, I can get an asymptotically stable system even if cancellations exist for the unstable poles. my example, Then Why does this book ...
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0answers
63 views

Nonlinear system general representation

I am fairly new with non linear systems. I understand that a general representation of a nonlinear system is: $$ \dot{x} = f(x) + g(x)\cdot u $$ where \$x\$ is the state variable, and \$u\$ the input....
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1answer
62 views

The system is not completely reachable, Is state x1 reachable from x0?

The system is $$ x(k+1)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix} x(k)+\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 1\end{bmatrix} u(k) \\ y(k) =\begin{...
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109 views

How to calculate the value of compensation network of DC DC converter

I am designing a circuit to boost voltage from 5V to 9V.I came across various kind of Switch regulator from TI. I don't know how to calculate the R-C value of compensation network. Thanks in Advance.
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186 views

Closed-loop systems - discrepancy between Simulink and Arduino

I am trying to figure out how to reproduce closed-loop systems in Arduino that were designed initially designed in Simulink. Take the following closed-loop system with unity feedback and gain: Where ...
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3answers
75 views

Does higher power wiring go higher in a control cabinet?

In looking for a image to answer an Industrial electronics layout and design question, I noticed that: within the cabinets, the higher power wiring seems to be at the top of the cabinet. Simply, the ...
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0answers
78 views

Circuit diagram of the Full Order Observer

I am a novice in the field of control system and electronics per se. I am trying to implement the Full-order observer in an electrical circuit made of R, C and Op-amps. I understand the block ...
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0answers
155 views

LQR for inverted pendulum

I'm studying an optimal control for the inverted pendulum in the following figure the state and the output of the system are defined as $$x=\begin{bmatrix}r & \theta & \dot{r} & \dot{\...
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2answers
735 views

control systems - state space representation using transfer functions

I am trying to manually get the state space representation of an RLC network. I often end up with a bunch of differential equations that I can't relate to each other. I think it would be easier to ...
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0answers
81 views

PI controller to drive a constant power source

So I have a load that needs constant power to maintain a specific temperature and this load changes over time. For this, I am using the design outlined in the following article: https://www....
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0answers
193 views

PD control (PID without I) - Homework help

I've been given a system - x" = bx′ + kx + ru and I've been asked to rewrite it in the canonical form x' = AX + BU. I've got -- ...
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14 views

Possible inconsistencies in solution to second order transfer function step response

I'm trying to use matlab to solve the second order DE for car suspension for a particular oscillation period and overshoot percentage (0.5s and 5%). I thought I had solved it but I've found some ...
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18 views

What is the residue of a response component in Control System Engineering?

I have read Norman S Nice book in Control Systems Engineering, I found in some pages the word residue which get me confused. Could you please help me to understand what does it mean if it says " the ...
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34 views

Control Loop Stability - Crossover frequency

I am testing the control loop stability of a DC-DC Converter. One of the Pass-criteria of the DC-DC Converter states, "Cross over frequency should not be higher than 1/8th of switching frequency" ...
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0answers
19 views

High-torque low-speed switched reluctance motor: design Features

I am studying the design of high-torque and low-speed switched reluctance motors (SRM). There are classic designs (8/6, 10 / 8,12 / 8) and designs with multi-toothed rotors and with additional teeth ...
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2answers
65 views

Is a type 2 system is always unstable?

If there are multiple poles at origin, that system is unstable. So a type 2 system will be have s^2 in denominator. So this should be unstable right? Correct me if I am wrong.
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29 views

Control of a time-variant system

I am working in a control project in which I need to control two variables \$x\$ and \$y\$ according to their reference values. Since I don't have an advanced knowledge in modern control theory, I ...
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0answers
76 views

What will be minimum number of states / state variables for these control systems in state-space model?

Consider the systems as LTI and SISO with transfer functions given below: I have read that minimum number of states for an LTI SISO system required to represent in state space analysis for any ...
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28 views

Controller and compensator

What is the difference between controllers and compensators While searching for answer the most prominent answer I got was that compensator have magnitude=1 and is used to make sure the system ...
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40 views

What is this functions Phase crossover frequency?

OLTF loop gain My approach What I have done wrong?
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38 views

How to find Phase crossover frequency?

I make the imaginary part of \$loop \ gain=0\$ to find phase crossover frequency. But in one video, the person told that this method can only be applied when Polar plot crosses the real axis and ...
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0answers
36 views

Gain margin using Root locus plot

How can I find Gain margin of any control system given its polar plot In schaum's series I have read that Gain Margin=Ku/Ki but in given figure the system never becomes unstable so shouldn't Gain ...
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0answers
26 views

Transfer Function For Electronic Pressure Regulator and a Step input

I was wondering if I could have some help in how to determine the transfer function for a Proportional Pressure Regulator. (VEAB-L-26-D7-Q4-V1-1R1). I have done a basic instrumentation and control ...
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1answer
56 views

Find the total gain from the following Signal Flow Graph

The signal flow graph for a system is given in the figure. Find resultant gain.
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2answers
110 views

Relationship Between Root Locus Pole and Percent Overshoot and Gain in MATLAB

I have a peculiar confusion regarding the relationship between a closed-loop pole on a root locus plot and its gain and percent overshoot. I have found a point on the root locus plot that MATLAB ...
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1answer
28 views

Normalizing a nonlinear plant in system identification in control

I have calculated the "active power" and the "the reactive" power of a system in dq axis in nonlinear form and I am doing system identification on this "nonlinear" plant as a MIMO system. The problem ...
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30 views

Minimal State-Space-Realization using SVD

A similarity transformation with U produces so following state space model \begin{equation} (A, B, C, D) \stackrel{\tilde{x}=U^{\prime} \cdot x}{\longrightarrow}\left(U^{\prime} \cdot A \cdot U, U^{\...
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1answer
46 views

Steady error control system sinusoidal disturbance

Consider the control system closed-loop represented such a block diagram below: Given that: \$G_C(s) = K\$ and \$G(s) = 1/s\$ a) Determine the values of \$ K\$ which the closed-system loop is stable....