Questions tagged [data]

Data are values of qualitative or quantitative variables, belonging to a set of items

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19 views

how to calculate size of replay buffer in pcie data link layer? [closed]

Replay Buffer size Can anyone of you give me an idea on how to calculate replay buffer size in data link layer.
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1answer
66 views

SAR ADC DAC Question

Hi, This is an extract from MT-021 from Analog Devices about SAR ADCs. In particular, it shows a circuit in which the Track(Sample) and Hold block of the SAR architecture AND the DAC of the SAR ...
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26 views

Capacitor DAC - Charge Redistribution

I was reading about capacitor based DACs for a SAR ADC in an Analog Devices pdf(https://www.analog.com/media/en/training-seminars/tutorials/MT-021.pdf) and I saw this About the highlighted part, I ...
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2answers
230 views

What does the prefix “+/-” indicate before the data line names?

At this link there are specs of a converter with the following excerpt: What does "+/-" sign indicate(mean) above before TxD or DATA? As far as I know TxD pin/line transmits and RxD receives the ...
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1answer
38 views

ramp-up “guard” time (data receiver)

I have looked at multiple datasheets of multiple radio modules including one I'm using (HM-TRP) and none of them specify a ramp-up or a ramp-down time. According to research, this is known as the ...
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3answers
70 views

How to better understand binary data streams as electric signals?

I'm aware that at any step of any computer process the input of a user/program (that gets translated from code to machine language and then to cpu instructions), is represented using both electrically ...
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2answers
62 views

How to convert sensor signal to temperature from the data available from the datasheet?

I have a Pyrometer datasheet showing signal percentage (0 to 100%) with the corresponding respective temperatures (from 0 to 200 °C) and current values (from 0 to 20 mA) in the whole measuring range. ...
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1answer
52 views

Writing data to memory devices [closed]

Do all memory devices use shift registers for writing data to memory? For example USB, EEPROM, RAM Serial in and parallel out into memory devices data in lines? Or Parallel in parallel out into ...
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31 views

When do you need to validate your data?

I have simulated a scenario under ideal conditions. This simulation was done using the Friis equation to determine the power received by a RFID tag for a particular frequency, distance, power of the ...
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81 views

Whenever two system or sources are coupled they should have same current sink or common reference point (say ground). How to realize this in ECG?

Electrode (Ag-AgCl) are placed at different part and directly fed to positive and negative input of differential amplifier. How can we realize human body and amplifying system have same current sink ...
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1answer
25 views

Data Lines on VME64 Bus

I am learning about the VME64 bus. It has only 16-bits of data bus on its P1 connector while no data pins on P2 connector. Does it means that VME64 is actually a 16-bit bus?
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1answer
32 views

Pins for VME64 Bus arbitration

I have a board that has VME64 core implemented in it and this board communicates with other boards via VME64 bus. All boards share the same backplane motherboard which has J1, J2 connectors on it. If ...
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1answer
23 views

Bare minimum pins for VME64 Bus

I have a board on which core for VME64 bus is implemented and it communicates with other boards on VME64 bus using only 1 connector (P1, 5 rows, 32 pins on each row, total 160 pins) instead of 2 ...
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1answer
56 views

LED Strips - Data Noise Over Long Distance Between Controller and First Strip

Please refer to the above picture. The black line is the ground wire and the green line is the wire carrying data. First Question In regards to data noise/interference, can the output ground wire ...
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2answers
133 views

Is only a firmware limitation the fact that some camera can't store photo in RAW format? [closed]

I was interested in understanding if from the point of electrical engineering storing the RAW data of the sensor directly into the memory of the camera require special hardware. Could be more ...
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1answer
41 views

Maximising power received using two sets of data

I have done simulations where by I am varying two variables i.e. powerTransmit and frequency within an equation, for example: powerReceived = powerTransmit - 20*log(frequency) - 20*log(distance) The ...
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3answers
79 views

Does data rate increase with channel frequency?

It is commonly said that a higher channel frequency implies a higher data rate. For example, in https://www.howtogeek.com/222249/whats-the-difference-between-2.4-ghz-and-5-ghz-wi-fi-and-which-should-...
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1answer
40 views

Does a FIFO data buffer need to have the data be registered?

I'm trying to implement a 64 bit FIFO Data Buffer in Verilog. My design allows for data to be written at 4 bytes or 1 byte at a time, and I'm simply using two multiplexers with control signals for ...
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1answer
30 views

HC05 Bluetooth Ping without losing connection

I am currently working with the Bluetooth module HC05 using a Teensy 3.2 board. I successfully established a connection between the laptop and the board using Bluetooth. I can send data from the board ...
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38 views

How to spec a system to replay acquired data

Hope all of this makes sense... I record torque applied to bolts as part of an evaluation process of new materials. I have a rotary encoder, it pulses at 100ppr. My torque wrench gearing means 1 turn ...
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6answers
4k views

Is it necessary to separate DC power cables and data cables?

I have had this discussion with my colleague earlier. A DC power supply is non-alternating, so the magnetic field a DC power wire generates is constant (is it?). Now, I know the rule is to separate ...
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3answers
174 views

What determines the frequency of network cable

You have Cat6, 23 AWG, rated for 250Mhz frequency. You then have Cat6a, 23 AWG, rated for 500Mhz. Both are unshielded. How is Cat6a able to transmit data at a higher frequency then its counter part? ...
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1answer
63 views

Erratic behavior of thermocouple input

I am reading temperature from a K thermocouple on a PLC which is then forwarded to a trending software to see the data on a graph. The thermocouple is in a water trough/reservoir. In fact, there are 3 ...
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1answer
182 views

Why is there no reponse from ModbusRTU slave using converter?

There are two devices: Eaton EM20/M (~like Northern Design Cube 400) Volison ADM-5850G Connected them like: Trying to get data from EM20/M which supports ...
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1answer
64 views

What happen to a dff(flip flop) without input?

I have this question but I don't know what happen to a dff without an input is it always 0 ?? like this picture below the 2nd dff hasn't any d ??? Also, if someone can draw the answer of the question ?...
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21 views

Determing proper wireless parameters for HMTRP radio module

I'm trying to properly setup an HM-TRP FSK radio module to send and receive data the best it can at 56kbps. I think I'm wrong with setting it up to use 600Khz "receive bandwidth" and 160Khz "modulate ...
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1answer
38 views

Bidirectional data bus divided into nibbles not returning correct data - 8051

Since I have 10 I/O lines connected between two microcontrollers (AT89C4051 + AT89S52), I am trying to get away with elegant data transfer. Instead of spending months redoing an entire circuit board, ...
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1answer
47 views

Do some microcontrollers require data to be loaded in temporary memory before programming?

When I programmed the AT89Cx051 series of microcontrollers, I didn't have to use special memory to program the data, but now even though I'm following the instructions in the datasheet (found from ...
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2answers
201 views

Package detection in datastream on FPGA

Hardware: I have an asic-"sensor" which sends me 32-bit packages (serial). I need to detect this packages with an FPGA. When I start the readout, the sensor is sending me data-packages until I stop ...
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1answer
64 views

Using multiple ports to transfer data to single device

I have the datasheet of a camera which has various interfaces (computer buses) via which it can transfer data to other devices: I2C bus, CAN bus, RS-422 serial port. I know the camera can use ...
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1answer
36 views

Implementing a simple logic equation

I need to do a lab that seemed like it was simple, but for some reason i cant get the right output for this function. its G(0)= T1T3'+T5T7'. These are data inputs.. I can only use NAND and NOR gates. ...
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1answer
94 views

What are the advantages of a wider bus in comparison to those of a higher clock frequency? [closed]

The aim is to increase data transfer rate. I understand each may have some drawbacks and advantages. Frankly I'm not knowledgeable enough to know of many so I'd like some input from others. I know ...
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94 views

Sending data from Simulink Matlab to development board F28379D

I'm fairly new to Simulink programming so bear with me. My project is to measure some parameters with the ADC of the board and send them over serial (SCI_A) to a Simulink file I'm running on my PC ...
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2answers
95 views

Is it better on two closely connected microcontrollers to send nibbles with an ack or a byte with a delay for an ack?

I'm trying to figure out the best approach to transfer high-speed data one way between two microcontrollers (with their own crystals of the same speed) of the same variety (between AT89C4051 and ...
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2answers
138 views

How do electrons travel in data transmission wires?

I've searched and googled quite a bit on this subject, but haven't found any concrete answers. I understand that pulses are generated at the transmitter's end to get to the receiver's end. More in ...
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4answers
175 views

Fiber-optic transceiver ICs for applications other than fiber-optic Ethernet? [closed]

When we talk about fiber-optic transmission, we almost always talk about copper to fiber-optic Ethernet conversion using fiber-optic transceivers. But since fiber-optic communication is just ...
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2answers
2k views

How to extract data from an NAND chip with an NAND reader from iphone 6? [closed]

I am not an electrical engineer and I cannot take phones apart. I had an iphone 6 that suffered no water damage, no smashed screens, no dust... but suddenly it got an NAND memory issue. The phone ...
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2answers
230 views

Data over DC Power, mono-directional, simplest circuit

(To preface, I will probably just run 4 wires, with RS485 on 2 and power on the others, but this came to my head, and I started thinking about it.) I was thinking of a simple way to send simple low ...
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1answer
93 views

Can 74HCT buffers work just as well as 74HC buffers between parallel port and target?

I'm making a circuit to program the AT89S52 microcontroller in a serial fashion as follows: Call me paranoid but this time I'm using resistors on all outputs to the micro as well as RC networks on ...
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2answers
101 views

Schmitt trigger inverters or regular inverters for clean high speed data processing

I made a circuit in which data is passed in from phototransistors (part# PT334-6C) into a microcontroller (part# AT89C4051) serial port via schmitt trigger inverters (part# 74HC14) and a demultiplexer ...
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8answers
5k views

Saving data without a microcontroller?

Is there a way to save voltage data directly (without a microcontroller) to anywhere, like EEPROM, SDCARD, etc.? For example, I am using an MPX pressure sensor which gives 0V to 5V analog output. ...
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4answers
163 views

Does computer memory record the zero binary state?

It's been two years since I started reading about electronics and computer circuits. I fell in love with the homemade computers and the possibility of building one by myself. You will see: When ...
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1answer
64 views

Obtaining data from parallel port without the “phantom power” problem

After making failed circuits in the past, I learned that the cause is that the parallel port was producing "phantom power" (aka powering the circuit). This is because I plugged my circuit into the ...
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65 views

Send data from MCU to Embedded Linux CoM

I'm using an ATSAME70Q21 MCU to record 32 channels of analogue data (via SPI ADCs) and 32 channels of digital data (via GPIO). My embedded device has an iMX6-based CoM (Toradex Apalis), which runs ...
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1answer
288 views

understanding of UART , if two devices share a common ground. How do they get to the same voltage level for a save data transmission?

My question is related to the common ground in a UART communication. So far, what I understand how communication in general works is: Distinguishing the voltage between two cables (one is a GND and ...
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1answer
33 views

Can a bilateral switch block transmitter interference and can my board still produce great audio?

I made a circuit in which an ISD1760 chip outputs music via an LM386 IC and I like the quality and volume of sound, however, when I run an HM-TRP transmitter on the same circuit board and the ...
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1answer
220 views

Transmitting through IRDA as if its a native serial port. Possible?

I'm currently making a lazertag project that utilizes the standard UART data format for data I/O. Before I go make up another circuit board that connects a photo-transistor that senses a laser beam ...
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2answers
278 views

Does 8b/10b decoding take running disparity into account?

What's unclear to me in reading literature about 8b/10b encoding is how it is decoded. How an 8b word is translated to a 10b symbol clearly relies on the running disparity. But when it comes to ...
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1answer
58 views

Using my sensor values, what are relevant data analysis techniques?

I am currently trying to devise a system using gyroscope+accelerometers placed in on a hat/cap in certain areas of the head (Front-left, Front-right, Centre, Back-left, Back-right). I want to create a ...
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0answers
30 views

Calculating cell resistance in dependence from cell temperature from CAN bus logs

I'm part of a formula student team. When we go testing we are logging the CAN bus data the car produces to further understand what the car is doing. We log all the battery cell temperatures/voltages ...