Questions tagged [differential]

Differential refers to any kind of signaling where the signal information is carried by two or more paths and both are required to properly reconstruct the signal. For example, USB D+ and D-

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Charge mode piezoelectric signal conditioning

I have a charge-mode piezoelectric dynamic pressure sensor (datasheet link) that I want to read a signal from. If you look at the datasheet it says the sensor outputs are in a balanced and floating ...
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337 views

SPI with differential signaling

Standard SPI uses single-ended signals. Is it possible that a communication uses SPI protocol but the signals are physically LVDS?
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568 views

Balun single-ended 50 Ohm to LVDS 100 ohm conversion

I have an LVDS differential 100OHM signal which I want to convert to a single-ended 50 OHM signal. I want to use a BALUN for this conversion. What kind of BALUN should I use here? Some BALUNs have 1:...
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49 views

Differentiator circuit sees noise on PCB after 2 min

I'm new to PCB design, and looking for some advice. I designed a PCB shield and I'm seeing a lot of noise in my differentiator circuit. The circuit will run perfectly for about 2 min and then all of ...
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53 views

How to connect a MEMS Microphone Breakout - INMP401 to a RN-52 bluetooth module?

I intended to use a INMP401 (MEMS MIC) to capture audio and stream it via bluetooth using an RN-52 bluetooth module (RN-52). The RN-52 has inputs for differential +- signals. The INMP outputs ...
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35 views

Designing a two stage differential amplifier with MOSFETS

As a part of a "Test you understanding quiz" i had yesterday at school were we tested our understanding of differential amplifiers and mosfets i came across a question that asked us to design a ...
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29 views

Current source for discrete differential amplifier

I hope someone can point me to the right direction. Basically I face the same problem like the author of the following question. How do I choose the correct current for my differential amplifier? I ...
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88 views

Differential Amplifier with TLC272 vs TL082

I have an LM2576-adj configured to step down 12V regulated output from a wall wart to around 5V-ish (see schematic). On the 5V output I have a 0.1 ohm sensing resistor (Rsc) to measure the output ...
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63 views

Differential bandpass filter Audio application

I am developing an Audio project which is required to output a signal between 10kHz - 40kHz at ±1V. The sound is produced from an AD9106 chip which is interfaced to the following circuit: When ...
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42 views

Trying to view CM and DM components of a signal on a two channel digital scope screen

I want learn how to view the CM and DM components of a signal on a usual two channel scope. The reason for this to be able to verify whether a noise superimposed on a signal is CM orDM. Regarding my ...
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49 views

Differential Clocking resistor and capacitor choices

I am working on generating a 2MHz differential clock signal for a DDS chip. I have been given a PCB with a design that I am unsure can work or what the thought was behind it. If anyone could help with ...
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103 views

Differential amplifier circuit - output voltage

I have a homework problem. We have a differential amplifier circuit with two supply sources: \$V_{CC}=-V_{EE}=5V\$, that has two identical NPN transistors and three identical resistors. T2's base ...
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39 views

How can I bias this Differential amp. circuit at the best operating point?

I'm looking to find a way to bias this circuit: I've written down a couple of equations for DC load line(and also DC half circuit): and these two as AC Load line: Rc is given by 1K and you can see ...
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320 views

Is the ground necessary with an opto-isolated RS422 signal

I have 8 opto-isolated RS422 ports to install. All of them are coming from a single PC card. It provides the opto-isolation for every RS422 port. Every signal is opto-isolated from the PC ground and ...
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421 views

Are common and differential mode chokes interchangeable?

Is it possible to use a common mode choke as a differential mode by switching around one pair of wires and v.v. as shown on the drawing? Intuitively it seems that this should work. I need a power ...
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138 views

Ouput impedance of a balun

I am using the CC1110 RF IC and I am having trouble when matching the differential RF output impedance with the antenna. The datasheet states that the differential impedance seen from the RF output ...
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532 views

Sallen-Key with fully-differential output — options?

I have a single-ended audio signal that I want to low-pass filter and convert to differential (with GND as the OCM voltage — that is, when one output is X Volts, the other output shall be −...
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357 views

How does the CMRR of a fully differential amplifier change with input impedance imbalance?

Most pro-audio microphones provide a balanced output -- this is intended to provide improved noise rejection, and provided the output and line impedances are appropriately balanced, it does. However, ...
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109 views

using the AD8475 as a single ended output

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I am putting together my schematic and I am trying to figure out if I can use the AD8475 as a single ended output buffer. AD8475 ...
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383 views

Piezo speaker driver not giving full differential voltage - why?

I am trying to drive a piezo speaker at 20kHz with maximum voltage swing from a 10V source. Previously I had used a square wave plus its inverse to give the equivalent of 20V across the speaker but I ...
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888 views

Designing a Multistage Amplifier

I have to design a BJT multistage amplifier to meet a specification provided by my professor. The first stage is to be a differential amplifier, and the second stage is to be a common collector ...
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296 views

Single-stage amplifier biased by a simple current mirror device

the goal is to the Derive an expression for the voltage gain for the circuit below. the course notes I have is pretty vague, and I have no idea how they came up with the answer. is there anyone who ...
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676 views

How to calculate resistor values for CFO differential amplifier Op-Amps?

I know that resistor calculations for current feedback amplifiers is different from their voltage feedback counterparts ( especially in higher frequencies as they have small impedance in inverting ...
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252 views

Differential amplifier problem

I really can't determine what my professor meant by this. He wanted me to calculate parameters of BJT differential amplifier that will have -100 amplification for signals difference and -1 for their ...
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34 views

Singled ended or Differential - Engine Control Unit

I know this topic has been beaten to death but I still have not got a clear understanding. Pardon me for my bad explanation as I am an automotive engineer by trade. I am simulating an engine knock ...
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44 views

Bonding DC Minus to Ground with Resistor for Remote Power?

Layout: I have a system that has 3 serial networks that run a variable length with one central processor talking to multiple endpoints via Modbus RTU, Canbus, and another rs485 that talks a protocol ...
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48 views

Calculating current and voltage from RL circuit through differential equation

Our circuit, where R1 = 3 Ohms, R2 = 1 Ohm, R3 = 2 Ohms, L = 5 milliHenry, and I = 0.01 Ampere. Trying to figure out the differential equation for this circuit, as well as the current for the ...
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29 views

Line driver circuit with with MC3487 not clear

I am looking at an old Heindenhain LS623 optical slide with with a LM339N comparator and an MC3487p line driver. This slide is about 20 or more old and can not be repaired anymore by Heidenhain. I ...
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17 views

Single Ended DAC to Differential Input Modulator

I'm trying to drive a differential input IQ modulator (LT5571) with a single ended DAC (MCP4912) for modulation of a narrow band signal (~10kHz max). Because of the nature of the low frequency ...
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84 views

PCB HDMI high speed routing suggestions on my layout

I would like to get suggestions from all the high speed PCB layout experts on my PCB design. I have a board with HDMI transmitter IC whose output is going to HDMI switch IC. The switch IC also has ...
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41 views

Logic Style Level Vs Hardware Level

In the book: Advanced DPA Theory and Practice: Towards the Security Limits of Secure Embedded Circuits 1, it is explained that the countermeasures against Side-channel Cryptanalysis could be ensured ...
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51 views

Series RL Circuit Transient Analysis

I have worked through a question and I am unsure if my answer is correct. It is a series RL circuit with a switch that closes at t=0, supplied by a dc source, which I am trying to derive an expression ...
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60 views

Buffered Voltage Divider VS Differential(Subtractor) Opamp

I'm trying to understand which one of these circuits is the best choice for measuring 400VDC signal using a microcontroller . But at first look circuit number 1 makes more sense since it is giving the ...
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54 views

Differential Amplifier Exam Problem

I am lost with how to approach part C and D of the question. In fact, I need some intuition with how to tune a differential amplifier.
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115 views

LVDS driver signals measurement

This is background: I have a self-made PCB, which is used to connect the camera via the CameraLink interface. When I connected everything together, it turns out that the camera is signalling me via ...
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45 views

Terminating Unidirectional Differential Signal

In a project I'm working on, I'm planning to use the SN75174 to send a signal through about 30m of twisted pair. This signal has a bitrate of around 1Mbps (it's a signal to drive WS2811 LEDs,) and ...
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189 views

Alternatives to RJ45 ethernet connections?

I have a system where two boards need to communicate through a serial bus with several lines --- rates are in the order of up to 3MHz. The boards will be several meters away (say, 3 to 5 meters / 10 ...
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65 views

Is this gain calculated correctly?

In this schematic, if the T5 transistor is off and the T4 is on, what would be the incremental resistances ri3 , ro3. my guess is that: ri3 is : rPi4 + RE5 + Rspeaker. and ro3 is : RE5*(B+1) + ...
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70 views

How to measure external voltage differential with single ended ADC?

I would like to measure voltages from external circuits with the single ended ADC from an Atmega324. The plan is to power the Atmega324 with 3.3V and use a 1.024 or 2.048 voltage reference. The ...
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29 views

Are differential line drivers “active” circuits?

Some quadrature encoder datasheets describe their outputs as either Differential Line Driver or Line Driver. On closer inspection of the diagrams, they appear to be the same thing (differential line ...
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35 views

Modelling this differential ended system for SPICE simulations and grounds

Considering above illustration, imagine a voltage measurement by a voltmeter where the voltage is coming from a differential output device i.e a device which sends mirrored voltages according to its ...
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93 views

How to adjust gain of differential discrete amplifier

Assignment schematic: I got an assignment to 1) Calculate open loop gain of the existing design of the amplifier and 2) Configure this op-amp with the closed loop of 26 dB. The chosen resistors ...
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75 views

Multiple differential amplifier

I have a small problem. I want to design a "multiple differential amplifier". With this, I mean a circuit that, given the inputs and outputs: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using ...
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43 views

Variable differential amplifier

I made this scheme: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Gain of this differential amplifier is constant and equal to 2. I would like to have possibility to substract ...
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436 views

Gain of a differential amplifier with active load

Can anyone help me to find which is the type for the gain of this differential amplifier for common mode input.I had find that is Acm = 1/(gm3*2*ro5).Can anyone help me if this result is correct and ...
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232 views

Current mirror and differential amplifier

Hi, In the attached figure, I am not sure how to formulate the relation between \$I_{ref}\$ and the DC currents through the four transistors \$Q_1-Q_4\$, given that \$I_{B1,2,3,4,5,6}\$ aren't ...
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80 views

BJT Differential Amplifier deliberately saturated?

Happy New Year! I've recently completed a metal detector project (see my recent questions) and I've been going back over some of the parts I didn't fully understand first time around. This question ...
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76 views

Calculating the gain in a differential amplifier

I have a specific question regarding this circuit: I need to calculate the gain of this amplifier. However, when I do this, I get the value two times bigger than the simulation of this circuit, which ...
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250 views

Choosing proper CCS current for discrete transistor amplifier's differential and VAS stages

Here is a figure from "Audio Power Amplifier Design" by Douglas Self. Self using almost same current values (4mA and 6-8mA) in many examples without explanation. How to choose these values properly ...
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Differential amplifier CMMR, NON-IDEAL Op-Amp used

I have a little trouble with the analysis of a differential amplifier. What I want to do is to determine the CMRR of the whole amplifier taking into consideration the CMRR of the op amp. This is the ...