# Questions tagged [electric-machine]

Electrical Machines are Electro-Mechanical energy converters. They maybe classified into motors (electrical -> mechanical) and generators (mechanical -> electrical).

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0answers
18 views

### FOC VFD for PMSM drive

I have a question related to field-oriented control FOC. Why is FOC (Vector Control) also called variable frequency drive (VFD) even though frequency variation is not spoken about during the analysis?
2answers
42 views

### How can i choose the right VFD for an electric motor?

I have a 1.5kW three phase electric motor that is in a delta configuration. This motor has a motor voltage of 230/400V and a rated current of 5.9/3.4A. What sort of VFD should i be looking for that ...
3answers
64 views

### Why is the magnitude of mutual flux in a transformer independent of the current in primary?

Consider a transformer with no load, Given $\phi= \phi_m \sin (\omega t)$ $e_1 = N_1 \dfrac{d \phi}{dt} = N_1\omega \phi_m \cos (\omega t)$ \\$E_1 = e_{1rms} = N_1\omega \phi_m \ \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}...
3answers
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### What other ways besides using magnetic fields can we use to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy and vice versa?

I have just started to read Electric machinery fundamentals by Stephen Chapman and there is one question in my mind after reading the first paragraph. What are the other mechanisms, besides using ...
1answer
44 views

### In a delta generator, will each phase voltage always be shifted 120°?

I'm confused by all the different phases and angles. Where I live we have a delta generator (3P3W) 230 V system. I was told that the three voltage phases will always be shifted 120° from each other... ...
1answer
26 views

### SPIM Rated Torque

What determines the rated torque of an induction motor? Is it purely limited to max continuous current adherent to heat dissipation requirements, or is there more to it? From what I understand, motors ...
0answers
73 views

### Why does peak torque increase on increasing air gap in induction motor?

I have been trying for a while to summarize the effects of increasing air gap in an induction motor with constant load. I understand that increasing air gap with constant supply voltage demands high ...
0answers
29 views

### Winding Factor in Single Phase Induction Motors

How does one compute the winding factor in a Single Phase Induction Motor? I have checked Wikipedia, but it only states the relevant formulae for three-phase machines with no explanation of the theory....
3answers
93 views

### What is a good circuit model for an AC generator?

A very simple electrical AC generator can be made by spinning magnets around a fixed stator coil. The changing magnetic field induces current in the stator winding. It would seem that at a fixed ...
3answers
171 views

### How can we neglect copper losses in open circuit test then neglect core losses in short circuit test of transformer?

When we perform open circuit test, we measure the core losses and we neglect the copper loss resistance (and also the leakage flux inductance?). But when we perform the short circuit test we measure ...
0answers
82 views

### Question about outdated “amplidyne” technology

Can someone please help me understand something better about "amplidyne" technology that was used back in the day. What I know It appears to be a dc motor generator that acts like an ...
1answer
33 views

### what is the relationship between rated voltage and angular speed frequency in an AC generator?

in Ac generator, the internal voltage is directly proportional to the mechanical speed by the equation: E = K * magnetic flux * mechanical speed but does this hold also for the terminal voltage? I ...
1answer
83 views

### Does an electric motor benefit by being given a rest?

Will the following two scenarios give different results on the wear/safety of a consumer-grade electric motor: A: Run motor for 12 hours/day for 20 days B: Run motor for 24 hours/day for 10 days (In ...
0answers
34 views

### Is the orthogonal spacing of dq axis of AC motor with respect to electrical or mechanical angle?

In FOC of AC machines, we try to align the stator flux to Q axis and maximize the value. The idea behind this logic is when rotor flux and stator flux are orthogonal, we generate max flux. But is the ...
1answer
19 views

### picture of dq axis in multi pole motor

How does the dq axis of multi pole motor look like? Typically online images search show dq axis for motor with one pole. Consider a 4 pole stator PMSM motor. Will there be multiple dq axis for each ...
1answer
47 views

### Symmetrical Components - Three-phase D-Y transformer with unbalanced voltage and loads

I have a Delta-Wye transformer, N1/N2 = 4, and am trying to solve the circuit below, with 120VAC applied to terminals VAB only. On the secondary I have 1 ohms connected between a-n and 5 ohms between ...
3answers
442 views

### How can the armature current of a DC shunt motor be zero at no-load?

I have seen the mathematical explanation of this explained using back EMF, where the back EMF would equal the input voltage and hence the armature current would be zero. But I'm unable to understand ...
2answers
56 views

### Confusion - ideal transformer on load

When there is no load connected to the secondary, E is equal to U, and no current flows in an ideal transformer. Now if we connect a load on the secondary of a transformer, the primary will draw a ...
1answer
19 views

### How does the shunt mmf in a long-shunt compound DC motor remain the same?

In a circuit model like this, the textbook says that the shunt mmf is the same for no-load and fully loaded conditions of the motor. How is this possible when the armature current (Ia) changes?
1answer
50 views

### DC Motor power diminishes quickly

I have an n20 DC motor which has a gearbox with a 55mm m4 threaded shaft (see image below for visualization of the motor). I'm compressing a spring with this motor, so the motor needs to work ...
1answer
31 views

### Is the zero sequence component considered balanced?

how is the zero sequence component is balanced while the three vectors are inphase and not displaced from each other by 120°? Isn't the definition of a balanced system is one in which the magnitudes ...
1answer
30 views

### Zero sequence component in unbalanced faults rotation

I am trying to understand the physical/practical meaning of the zero sequence component, I referred to some books. however, I am not sure is me or are there different interpretation of the zero ...
1answer
107 views

### Diagram of electrostatic precipitator

I was reading an article about working of ESP at this website: https://www.electrical4u.com/electrostatic-precipitator/ Though the explanation was nice, I couldn't understand what the diagram conveys....
2answers
53 views

### Armature and terminal voltages in DC machines

In the below page I am trying to grasp the way the terminal voltage and armature voltage are related to each other. Below is my attempt to understand their relation: Do you agree with my ...
0answers
51 views

### Motor vector control and parameters estimation

Vector control methods require good estimation of magnetic flux. In Direct Torque Control it would vector of stator flux. In order to estimate it properly one has to know motor parameters such as ...
1answer
39 views

### Steady State speed of rotor in following doubly excited system

I'm trying to analyse following system - A three phase armature winding on stator and on rotor field winding and both stator and rotor are cylindrical . And armature winding is connected to a three ...
0answers
64 views

### Induced voltage in the rotor of the induction motor

Given that the resultant mmf wave in the air gap of the three phase two pole induction motor is $$F(\theta , t) = \frac{3}{2}NI_m \cos(\omega t - \theta) \tag{1}$$ what's the value of the induced ...
1answer
115 views

### Voltage build up in induction generator and its working principle

I had some doubts while reading about working of self excited isolated induction generator . If principle of operation of self excited isolated induction generator is similar (in a sense that in ...
2answers
50 views

### How to predict which machine will act as motor or generator in Hopkinson's test?

Is there any way to predict which machine will act as a motor and which acts as a generator before applying the supply voltage? I cannot find a way to predict what will be the behaviour(motor or ...
3answers
487 views

### Starting torque of series vs shunt DC motors

Recently, I read that starting torque of series motors are much higher than shunt motors. I try to find out what is reason behind it and I get to know that this is because in DC series motor torque is ...
1answer
102 views

### Confusion in magnetic neutral plane of DC machine

I was reading book Electric Machinery by Chapman and in topic 'Armature reaction ' It is written that "The magnetic neutral plane is defined as the plane within the machine where the velocity of ...
2answers
116 views

### Behaviour of flux in DC motor

In given figure if we assume both sides (up and down) with equal number of coil turns (N each). And we wound(which generally we do in DC motor) coils such that they create flux and form a North-South ...
2answers
78 views

### Analysis of three phase star star connected transformer

What is going on this circuit(below) and what would be current measured by ammeter(zero or non zero)? Description- These two transformers winding are star star connected and a balance sinusoidal ...
0answers
35 views

### 3rd harmonic component of flux and current in Star -Star connected 3phase transformer

I wanted to understand what will be 3rd harmonic component of flux and current in following connection . Connection - Star- Star connection (with neutral on primary side only) Further description- ...
3answers
390 views

### Voltage and current rating of electrical systems

Why voltage and current ratings of almost all electrical systems are RMS value of voltage and current not peak value of voltage and current? First I thought maybe because mostly ac input is sinusoidal ...
2answers
95 views

### Contradiction in solution for ideal transformer

I was trying to analyse an ideal transformer with one ideal independent voltage source on each winding. I got a relationship between those voltage sources but it contradicts the fact that both voltage ...
0answers
99 views

### How to set solver for control loop simulation?

I have been developing a simulation of the field oriented control of the three phase squirrel cage induction motor (control is oriented by the rotor flux). I have been using the Xcos which is an ...
0answers
513 views

### 3 phase transformer efficiency calculation

This is an assignment. No matter how hard I try the answer is never what I expect. Here is the question: Three single phase transformers, each rated at 12 kVA, 120/240V, 60Hz, are connected to form a ...
0answers
52 views

### Why does wave winding not need a voltage equalizer?

I understand that lap winding needs a voltage equalizer to balance the voltage at different points. However, I could not understand why wave winding does not need one (according to the textbook "...
0answers
53 views

### Why duplex lap winding has twice as many current paths as simplex lap winding?

I found the statement of question on page 346 in the book "Electric Machinery Fundamentals, fifth edition" written by Stephen J. Chapman. When I searched for how duplex lap winding looks ...
1answer
56 views

### Explanation of v curve of sync machine

I am trying to understand the v curve of synchronous machine. Particularly, the point that changing field current can put the machine in leading or lagging mode. I am trying to get an explanation to ...
2answers
147 views

### Unexpected behavior of the Luenberger observer for three phase induction motor

I have been developing control software for three phase induction motor. The control software will implement the field oriented control algorithm. The considered algorithm is oriented to the rotor ...
1answer
48 views

### What electrode material can I use for electrical discharge machining? [closed]

Can I use an electrode made of melted soldering wire in electrical discharge machining (EDM) instead of copper or graphite? I think it is very easy for me to make electrode by using melted soldering ...
1answer
157 views

### what does nominal numbers of electrical machines mean

I got confused about rated numbers of generators and motors like rated voltage and rated power . I know nominal numbers of electrical machines are numbers which the machine is designed to operate but ...
2answers
92 views

### How to find rated voltage of a machine?

I am trying to understand what a rated voltage/current/power mean for a machine. when I google it, I typically get information on how to find it from nameplate, but I am trying to understand it ...
2answers
209 views

### What are the two sensors doing in the automatic bread production line? [closed]

I want to know what is the name of these 2 sensors and what function they perform Some of you were complaining about the picture quality. It is the highest quality image I can get. Also these sensors ...
0answers
31 views

### How to determine transform angle in field oriented control of three phase induction motor

I have been developing a control software for the field oriented control of the three phase induction motor. I have studied a lot of application notes and literature about this topic. Based on that I ...
1answer
77 views

### Rotor Current and Torque Producing Current in Induction Motor

Is rotor current of an Induction motor always same with torque producing current? In torque equation of Induction motor, there is also one factor called rotor power factor. if rotor current and torque ...
1answer
54 views

### Why stationary armature is preferred for commercial use

While reading a book on electrical machines, I found a point that says that for power generation, a stationary armature is the preferred type. If in any generator, there must be moving parts, why is ...
2answers
48 views

### Difference between reactive load and source?

Probably a silly question, but I am coming across terms like reactive power load and reactive power source in some articles in web. Does it matter if a reactive component is a source or load? Say ...