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Questions tagged [flyback]

A flyback diode is a diode used to eliminate flyback, which is the sudden voltage spike seen across an inductive load when its supply voltage is suddenly reduced or removed. A flyback transformer, also called a line output transformer, is a special type of electrical transformer designed to generate high voltage sawtooth signals at a relatively high frequency.

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25 views

P-Channel MOSFET reverse polarity protection on NMOS array chip

I'm trying to achieve reverse polarity protection for the TPL7404LADR chip which is basically an updated version of the ULN2003 darling transistor array. To do this I want to use a P Channel MOSFET ...
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21 views

power supply management IC switching transistor - flyback converter

I have a very simple question : is it better to have the switch (transistor) of the flyback converter, Inside the power supply management IC or outside it? or it depend on the application? Thank you ...
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49 views

Flyback Converter Switching MOSFET Breakdown

I am using a UC1845A to control the switching element MOSFET (FCB20N60F) which is used for a typical Flyback Converter circuit. MOSFET's drain is connected to transformer. Rarely MOSFET is not working ...
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48 views

Digital DC DC Converter for Power Control

I want to find a way to control a power device from a microcontroller. I must control a power device from the microcontroller, making the voltage to vary betwen 0 and 28 VDC, knowing that the power ...
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1answer
54 views

Topology choice for wide-output-voltage-range SMPS

I'm intending on building a off line (230VAC), 50W, isolated, constant-current switch mode power supply. This by itself is not a big challenge with the plethora of application notes and examples ...
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26 views

Increasing output current from ZVS driver

I bought the ZVS driver as shown in the picture below: After connecting a flyback transformer, I tried measuring the voltage and current at the output. The open circuit voltage is about 12KV. To ...
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86 views

Why would Discontinuous Conduction Mode be desirable for an LED driver?

I saw this press release where DCM was listed as a feature for a new Infineon driver chip. Source: led-professional.com I'm involved in LED driver design for Horticulture where DCM is undesirable....
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55 views

Sizing Flyback Diode

I'm working on a project to run a 12 volt 12 amp DC gearmotor via PWM output from a controller. I am using a Crydom solid state relay to power and motor and trying to figure out what diode is correct ...
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51 views

TV flyback transformer replacement without RC snubber?

I need to replace the flyback transformer on my Atari SC1224 CRT monitor. The flyback I removed from this monitor has a model number of Kf4825G, and has an RC snubber attached to it, which does not ...
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29 views

Flyback, primary inductance selection for wide output current changes

I would build my first flyback converter. Converter would be designed for 2A max and load device would draw about 100-200mA for most of the time with 1.8A peaks. Peaks would take a little longer so I ...
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62 views

Coupled inductor/pulse transformer for very tiny power supply

I need an isolated 24V 3mA supply to activate some optocoupler that will be read by some microcontroller. Its power supply will be the microcontroller's 5V. My first instinct was to use a flyback ...
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32 views

SMPS Transformer - Different Current Densities for Primary and Secondary

I've seen a design sheet of an isolated off-line 5V/2A flyback converter. In the "Calculating Wire Sizes" step the designer uses 4A/mm2 for primary and 10A/mm2 for secondary. This seems quite ...
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47 views

What is the purpose of a schottky/zener couple on an isolated flyback topology?

This isolated flyback topology has been generated by TI's webench. It's a classic schematics with a feedback going through an optoisolator. There are, however, two diodes connecting the switching ...
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104 views

Advice on choosing components for a flyback arrangement, for switching inductive loads fast

I have a bank of x6 MOSFETs (SUG90090E) connected in parallel, which I am using to switch a current of maximum 30A through a coil (resistance 1R and inductance 1mH), and am looking for some general ...
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60 views

Relay coil suppression

I am following this application note for relay coil suppression. It suggests a diode and zener in series to be used for better contact life. I am using Panasonic ADW1212HLW relay. It's a 2 coil ...
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1answer
66 views

Choosing the right (flyback) diode to stop contacts (points) arcing (sparking) on solenoid (relay)

Clock with a simple electric remontoire, consisting of a solenoid, with an arm, that kicks back the main spring, rewinding it. Solenoid coil data: operating voltage: 12V-15V measured resistance: ...
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119 views

Buck-Boost Controller Arduino Nano vs STM32

I have 900W (150W*6Panels) solar panels and 12V inverter (1000VA) which have inbuilt PWM solar charge controller. The distance between pannels and inverter is around >10m and the wires are 6 sq mm ...
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31 views

SMPS topology for combination of current controlled rail and fixed voltage rail

I'm looking at designing a LED driving power supply that can interface with a universal AC main input (~90VAC-260VAC) and produce 2 rails at the output; one a current controlled rail, and the other a ...
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80 views

Reducing AC/DC adapter (SMPS) output voltage

I have a AC/DC adapter P-1650-22 (used to power a notebook) laying around. I would like to use it for other purposes, i.e. as a constant voltage source for LEDs. The problem is, that the output ...
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60 views

Row Column Matrix Problem with Flyback Diodes

So I had a simple row column matrix which I am driving with mosfets to power solenoid locks like this: GC is ground via 1.5k resistor C is 24V via 1.5k resistor And these are the connectors: ...
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1answer
37 views

Coil causing spike and circuit reset?

I built a circuit that pulses a 50-ohm electromagnet when a 'trigger' magnet passes over a hall-effect sensor. This circuit swings a pendulum and simultaneously plays an audio clip as long as the 555 ...
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66 views

SMPS Flyback transformer selection

I am trying to design a SMPS for a project (I have to make a custom one for integration purpose). This SMPS have universal input (85-265V AC at 50 or 60 Hz) and an output of ideally 53V (but it can ...
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62 views

Hybrid Boost-Flyback Stability Issue

I tried to design a step up SMPS to create ~200-300v from a 24V input with an expected power of ~12W max. Since the project is for a hobby, I chose to attempt a hybrid boost-flyback converter to get ...
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83 views

Flyback discontinuous mode, double voltage over the switch

Considering the following simplified flyback schematic. Which has the following voltage current graphs Why is there 2*Vin over the switch when the switch is turned off? And why is that change to Vin ...
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1answer
197 views

How to safely generate 200V from low voltage supply

Unfortunately, this post requires quite a bit of background if it's going to be useful to anybody (including me). I have been trying to build a relatively high voltage power converter for part of my ...
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4answers
108 views

Minimum specs before a flyback diode is needed for a relay?

Given a low power signal relay, 3V 140mW coil, controlled by a 2n3904 npn transistor, is a flyback diode required? At what point is a flyback diode needed for any given inductor? Is it total power, ...
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394 views

Best way to protect a MOSFET from overcurrent

I'm trying to build the circuit in picture above. unfortunately the load on high side of the step up transformer is unpredictable and the input impedance of transformer is very low so I'm guessing the ...
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2answers
74 views

Diode package selection in flyback circuit for a relay

I intend to use the following flyback circuit for my relays (third circuit circled in red): Here are my relay specs: 1) G6DN - 5 A 250 VAC contact rating Coil voltage = 5VDC Coil resistance = 227 ...
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1answer
98 views

Flyback converter primary and secondary sides power calculation

The problem is as below. Input DC voltage is at 12V, transformer inductances are: Lp = 60uH, Ls = 240uH, switching behaviour is controlled by a single NMOS with switching frequency at 60kHz. For ...
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2answers
73 views

Rectifier, Flyback vs Transformer, Rectifier, Buck

I've just finished doing my first off-line flyback, which proved a success. A simple block diagram is as follows: I know this topology seems common now, for example it is used in Apple USB Charger ...
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2answers
144 views

flyback spike elimination

I have a circuit that is switching a transformer primary winding from 15 volts to ground, through an N-channel MOSFET at 50 kHz. I was seeing occasional field failures and found that every time the ...
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186 views

Mazzilli flyback driver mosfets keep failing

I've been trying to build a high voltage generator consisting of a high-voltage transformer and a Cockroft-Walton multiplier. I have actually tried several different drivers to drive a high-voltage ...
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72 views

How does flyback converter with two MOSFETs work?

This is the schematic. Both switches are in phase (On and Off at the same times). When both SW are On, current flows through primary transformer coil, entering from the top side of it, and leaving ...
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2k views

What keeps the kickback voltage from reaching an infinite voltage?

We know that the voltage over an inductor is defined by the formula: \$V = L * \frac {di}{dt} \$ So in the case where the current flow is suddenly interrupted (like when a mechanical contact is ...
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702 views

Process for Making a Flyback Transformer

I am looking to make my own flyback transformer that can put out a DC voltage from 0 to -40 kV DC and a power of 400 watts, as most commercial flybacks do not go up to the specified power and ...
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1answer
103 views

Maximum voltage and current input of this circuit?

I am looking to assemble a power supply with an output of roughly 600 watts. One of the components required for such an apparatus is a 40 kVDC, 20 mA flyback transformer that I managed to find and ...
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1answer
68 views

Proper Flyback Current Protection Circuit for Variable Voltage Solenoid Driver

I am using a darlington buffered op-amp to drive a solenoid motor at variable voltages (for variable speeds of actuation). Here is my circuit as it is now: I am wondering which of the two flyback ...
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179 views

Can every voltage source accept fly-back diode's current?

A diode is used parallel to the motor (or inductive load) in order to prevent damage to the switch because of back-emf voltage. Now, that back-emf voltage actually produces a current and by using a ...
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4answers
167 views

Flyback Diodes For Inductive Loads With Long Wire Runs

I have a project that uses several high power DC solenoids (50 VDC) that will have ~10 feet of wire between them and the driver board. This is for pinball machines. These solenoids typically come with ...
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1answer
227 views

Are bypass caps reason why uC don't have flyback diode across ferrite bead in the sample schematics?

Often the IC datasheet recommends putting a ferrite bead before AVCC pin. First I started wondering if I don't need a flyback diode but than I realized that capacitor is probably able to absorb the ...
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1answer
52 views

Flyback from ignition transformer?

I'm using a 10kv ignition transformer for a jacob's ladder. It works great! Currently though I've only tested it on its own circuit. But I would like to have this thing running in my lab. (I know not ...
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3answers
130 views

Why Does Flyback Current Destroy Darlington Buffered Op-Amp?

I am working on a project where I'd like to deliver variable DC control voltages to a continuous solenoid motor in order to achieve different velocities of actuation. To buffer my DC control voltage ...
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4answers
2k views

Why don't flyback diodes in H-bridge damage power supply?

I'm currently learning about driving a small DC motor (~ 5V). My research so far indicated that a L298N might be a good choice to quickly get something up and running. However, I'm also trying to ...
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1answer
234 views

How to calculate secondary RMS current of each winding in multiplre output flyback converter?

As I am designing multiple output flyback converter and I have confusion in selection of wire gauge of the secondary winding. There are 4 secondary windings and one bias winding. Mode of operation is ...
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308 views

Fly-Back converter in Proteus

I have been having this problem since I started to design my Fly-Back type voltage converter, and it is that it is throwing me a time step too small error, and I tried to solve it by configuring the ...
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109 views

55-650V to 5V DC/DC convertor design

For an application I am building I need a custom DC/DC convertor that can convert a voltage ranging from 60V-600V to a contant voltage of around 5V. Using the TI Webench with the paramaters Vin_min = ...
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1answer
884 views

Flyback diode is acting weird

I have the following schematic: Vcc can vary from 12 to 15 volts, so the design was intended to switch on the relay through a MOSFET when the input voltage is over 13.4 volts. The actual Zener I've ...
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1answer
91 views

Flyback smps or floating buck converter?

I want to drive a 180V/1A string leds from 220VAC. Which topology should I use: flyback smps (with transformer) or, floating buck step down converter? I know that buck converter will be not ...
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264 views

Reflected voltage in DCM flyback

While designing converter I got to the point of calculating secondary coil. Most guides have these equations for it: Wait a second, didn't I calculate Nps already at the very beginning? Yes, I did! ...
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1answer
78 views

Correct formula for primary inductance

In just about every design guide I saw, the formula for primary inductance of flyback is: However in "SMPS Design" by Pressman/Billings the equation for CCM is: To bring second equation to the first ...