Questions tagged [ground-plane]

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2
votes
2answers
96 views

Why won't zones flood into vias or other plated through holes that are part of a footprint in Ki-CAD

I am using KI-CAD. Visible in the picture is a GND_USB plane (yellow) on layer 2, and also the top layer (red). I have a QFN package with an exposed pad in the center. For some reason the ground ...
0
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1answer
259 views

RF antenna and ground plane

In RF design when antennas are used it is said that the antennas require a larger ground reference.If they have suggested a ground reference and if we are using a smaller one than recommended will it ...
0
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3answers
222 views

does adding Vias through the antenna feed line change impedance?

I have a GPS through-hole patch antenna, the through hole need to be connected to the bottom layer and then from there the feed-line flows to the GPS receiver. But I want the GPS receiver to be on top ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Does a Vcc layer cause noise to a 4-layer RF PCB?

I'm designing a 4 layer GPS tracker PCB with the 2nd layer as ground and 3rd as Vcc. Is this a good practice? I know a gnd layer is good but I'm not sure how to distribute the positive of the supply ...
0
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2answers
67 views

KiCad net tie on inner layer

I'm making a 4 layer board, with ground on one of the inner layers, as usual. I would like to keep the digital and analog grounds logically separate, although they of course connect on the PCB, and ...
3
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0answers
119 views

PCB Layout - Ground Plane Clearance Around and Under Ceramic Resonator

We are using Murata's 4MHz Ceramic Resonator (CSTCR4M00G53-R0) in one of our designs and request help in PCB layout design around Ceramic Resonator. The below Murata's FAQs page suggests not to place ...
1
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4answers
201 views

Routing VCC with jumpers?

I'm trying to route a new VHF RF receiver (LO is 151MHz, RF is 162MHz). There's a pair of LC filters on this board, as well as a Si5351 oscillator and a crystal. From what I've read, an uninterrupted ...
1
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1answer
58 views

AGND and GND - Grounding in Schematics

I have seen a few electrical schematics where there are separate symbols for grounds. "Agnd" and "Gnd" Can someone help me understand what are the differences between those two and where to use "Agnd"...
11
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3answers
303 views

How to minimize impedance from capacitor to Gnd and Power planes

I'm trying to minimize the impedance from my capacitors to the Gnd and Power planes. 1. Via positioning I've learned from several sources that the best via positioning is close to each other. This ...
0
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5answers
134 views

How to desolder an element from a PCB?

I want to desolder an element from a PCB, I can see all the solder joints that are holding it on to the board and I can reach all of them easily. I am not very experienced in working with a soldering ...
1
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1answer
141 views

Good PCB Design - Single Power Plane with 2 Power supplies (+ve & -ve)

Recently I've taken over a project which requires low noise but the design given to myself does not meet the requirements. I noticed on the PCB design It has a single Power Plane with 2 separate ...
1
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2answers
91 views

PCB: ground plane thermals (in Eagle)

In a previous iteration of a PCB layout, I added a ground plane fill as recommended by many tutorials online (eg Sparkfun). By default Eagle creates thermals to ease soldering to the ground plane, but ...
0
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1answer
313 views

Manufacturers' recommendations for ground plane for GPS patch antennas

I see requirements for specific ground plane sizes in many GPS antenna datasheets, but I also see many devices that ship with significantly smaller ground planes. Do these integrators know something ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Ground Planes, 0v or GND?

I have a board that has a dual voltage isolated DC-DC converter on it. The converter takes 0 an 5v in and gives -5,0,5 v out. The 0v of the input is actual ground. Most of the PCB uses the isolated ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Connecting GND planes on PCB

In my PCB, there are two GND polygons (1 & 2) which are connected to the same GND plane. The only way I was able to connect them was through vias as shown below: I realized that two current paths ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Altium Polygon Pour Direct Connect

I'm designing a 4 layers PCB in Altium Designer 19.1. My PCB have a ground plane on layer 2 and a small copper pour area on layer 1. The copper pour area on layer 1 is connected to the ground plane ...
2
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2answers
71 views

4 layer board back bypass capacitor power plane connection guideline reason

I'm reading Power Bus Decoupling Guidelines for Printed Circuit Boards with Widely Spaced Power Distribution Planes. And they have these recommended connection configurations for bypass capacitors ...
0
votes
1answer
384 views

Extra small RF PCB antenna - GND plane

My new PCB design is about 25 mm * 25 mm, this is not enough for a proper 868 MHz antenna ground plane, I am using the 0868AT43A0020 chip antenna where at least a 20 mm * 40 mm GND plane is required. ...
0
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2answers
214 views

Ground Plane for Motors

I'm making my first PCB and would like some advice about ground planes. The pcb it two layer, and all parts are through hole. Bottom layer consists of all the ground pads and everything else is on the ...
1
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2answers
49 views

How to connect multiple ground pins in a FFC connector

So I have a bunch of these FFC connectors shown here, and a lot of the middle pins are actually ground pins (highlighted in green). I have a multi-layer board, so I want to route all these grounds to ...
1
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1answer
74 views

High current over 5V on PCB panes instead of track

I have leds running for around 600 Watts of 5V leds (120 amps). The source of the power are three 48V to 5V converters which each can handle 200 watts. If I would run this amount of Amps over my PCB ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Ground separation between ADC and high current capacitor discharge circuit

I recently designed a capacitor discharge welder for my welding applications, and I come through a problem about separating grounds between AGND of the controller and (-) terminal of the big 1.3 ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Connected ground planes from different power sources not working

I made a simple uC (8266) based schematic that controls some peripherals. It is powered via 12v ac-dc power supply connected to the lm2596: PCB1: The uC has uart connector like that: PCB1: This is ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Ground plane under power inductor in DC to DC converters

Is it a good idea to put ground plane (fill the area with copper) under the power inductor in DC to DC converters? I was looking for answers about step down regulators but I would like to know about ...
0
votes
3answers
84 views

Power planes in PCB

I'm designing my first PCB (two layer), the project is for an amplifier based on OPA2134. The design/amplifier requires to have +12V, GND and -12V. The power for the amplifier comes from a ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Is a ground plane meaningful even where the signal return path is not through ground?

I'm designing a two layer PCB for a keyboard where most of the board space is taken up by the key switches and backlight LEDs. The switches have a traditional switch matrix configuration with diodes ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Traces over ground plane [duplicate]

Sometimes it cannot be avoided to run traces over a ground plane (bottom layer) in a two layer PCB. I have two questions regarding this: In the (simplified) example below, what is preferred? To use ...
0
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0answers
58 views

PCB Ground Plane on Two Layer High Signal Density Board

To give an overview of the design. I am creating a PCB with a header connection for raspberry pi that will use RPI I2C capabilities and GPIO to control board mounted integrated circuits whose outputs ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Bypass capacitor in combination with ground plane

I read it is advisable that every IC has a bypass capacitor, as close as possible to VCC, going to GND. However, I'm wondering, as I want to create a PCB with a GND layer as second layer, can I place ...
29
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5answers
8k views

Should I really divide the ground plane into analog and digital parts?

I am about to design my first PCB as part of my graduation project. Of course, as the first step, I try to learn as much as possible. A part of the research I found this 3 part article, that suggests ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Do I need a ground polygon for analog design?

I have an analog circuit with few opamps (max freq. 500Hz) and a DC-DC converter with 500 kHz frequency for power supply. It seems I need to use both sides of PCB for components and routing if I use 2 ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Does this criss-crossed GND plane look like it will function properly?

I'll be using it at 12 MHz and... not the best parts placement resulted in this board layout. So I am asking more experienced people if it will definitely not work or maybe it will. Thanks! edit I ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Does a lithium battery make a good ground plane?

A patch antenna I'm using calls for a 50mm x 50mm ground plane under it, mostly to cut multipath reflections in the bottom lobe. Naturally, the closer to the antenna and the more conductive the ground ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Connecting Ground Paths

I am using a stm32f407vgtx to control full bridge drivers which drive a H bridge of 4 N-channel Mosfet. I don't have any idea about grounding. I am thinking of using two separate ground AGND (ground ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Multiple ground planes, single point ground, and a level shifter

I'm using a level shifter to go from 3.3V to 5V (digital/analog). According to the datasheet, if I put 1 ground on the left side of the IC and the other on the right, it would tie the grounds together ...
1
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3answers
1k views

Separating high- and low-power ground-planes

I am designing a bi-directional DC-DC converter for automotive use. Therefore, there is some high-power stuff that needs to be implemented on the pcb. The overal layout is as such: My question is if ...
0
votes
1answer
298 views

Can the USB port's metal enclosure be grounded?

As shown in the image below, the USB port's metal enclosure is touching the copper clad of the PCB (which is a ground plane). Can Bad Things Happen™ if the port's enclosure is grounded? I beep-...
4
votes
2answers
315 views

Gerber lines in ground plane

My manufacturer is asking me to remove those lines from the ground gerber layer The design was made in eagle, I've been searching information about this problem and I've found nothing, I don't know ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Checkered / square-patterned copper plane on a PCB [duplicate]

The Verge has published photos of the original iPhone "dev kit". The board looks like an ordinary development kit to me, however there is a strange pattern of squares on the topmost layer. I know ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Split Ground plane with motor drivers

This is a PCB with few stepper drivers. I have a question about the ground plane. I have this idea to split the ground plane for each driver, so, I force the return path to pass through the capacitor....
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Shaping ground plane on a 4 layer USB Midi controller PCB

I have asked about this before but I have to admit that I didn't read enough before asking and therefore was'nt able to ask the question properly. I hope I am now. I'm designing a 4 layer board with ...
1
vote
3answers
445 views

Ground Plane Tips for Beginners

I have made a few PCB's over the past few months as I have started to learn about design. All of the circuit boards have been Arduino based, so nothing to powerful. I design them up in Eagle and I ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

How to connect four different ground planes in the same PCB?

I am working on a project which uses the LTC4020 multi-chemistry battery charger from Linear Technology. The design includes a microcontroller ( NXP KL25Z) to provide additional outputs and ...
3
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1answer
272 views

Shield in Inner Copper Layer

I have been designing second version of 4 Layer PCB. The PCB has connectors all over the PCB. In the first version, I had Copper Pour (I call it ...
0
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0answers
82 views

my i2s audio signal is not working. i expect this has something to do with ground and resistors, but i need some help with the details

I am more familiar with software, but I have a project going on that has a tiny amount of hardware involved. I would really appreciate some help with this part. I have existing hardware that has a ...
-1
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3answers
96 views

Sensor damage, ground loop or something else?

We are testing an capacitive fuel level sensor in field. Its mounted on top of a heavy construction vehicle (colmar) with a 24v battery system. Our sensor runs for few weeks and damages. Every time a ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Ground plane: is there a tool to identify choke points of a fragmented copper polygon in Eagle?

As they say a picture says a thousand words. Consider this extreme example: You have this copper polygon (a ground plane), but due to other signals routed on the same layer, the polygon comes to a ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I know where to put stitching vias?

I'm working on a PCB that allows me to attach a TSSOP IO expander to a breadboard more easily for experimenting. I asked a question regarding the configuration of decoupling capacitors for an IC with ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

How exactly a ground plane helps inproving antenna gain? What is the logic behind it?

How exactly a ground plane helps inproving antenna gain? What is the logic behind it? As per my general understanding, ground plane in reference to any perticular signal trace on PCB helps to absorb ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

What is the purpose of this grid on the ground plane near a wifi antenna?

The PCB for this Steam Link has a grid of squares near the antenna. It also has pads for what I guess is either testing or adding 0ohm resisters. What is the purpose of this feature, and why are ...