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Questions tagged [grounding]

Problems related to the connection of circuits to ground or earth references. Can affect safety, accuracy, reliability and interfacing.

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1answer
87 views

How should I connect the audio ground and shield wires in a Cat5 cable for analog audio?

I would like to carry 3x balanced line level (not mic level) signals to another part of my living room and I found that the cable space in the skirting boards would not allow 3x balanced cables (XLR ...
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2answers
35 views

Grounding balanced secondary isolation transformer for EMI suppression

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Which is the best secondary connection to clean the main line power from EMI, line noise and HF harmonics by using an isolation 1:1 ...
4
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2answers
511 views

Choose proper grounding when using multiple LDO, buck, buck-boost and invering regulators

I'm a little stumped by how to avoid ground loops. I need to connect to a mostly analog external component that requires VCC_12V, VCC_5V, VCC_3V3, VCC_N7V (\$-7.0V\$) and GND. I assume the external ...
2
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1answer
66 views

ESD Grounding Straps with No Chassis Ground

I've got water pump device that needs to pass ESD testing (IEC 61000-4-2, 8kV contact, 15kV air discharge). On this device (as circled in red), there are these four metal inlets. At 2kV with an ...
5
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2answers
772 views

Confusion in grounding shield wires of transducers

There is a 6-wire Wheatstone bridge type load-cell and one of the wire is called shield and it is electrically connected to the metallic case of the load cell as below(I marked that with yellow ...
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2answers
253 views

Grounding options between three PCB's

I have a PCB (let's call it PCB #1) that has a Li-ion battery as its power source, sourcing 12V to 17V. The power from the battery is used to step down to 6V using a buck converter on PCB #1. A cable ...
3
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2answers
147 views

PCB grounding through screw head

Can we use zinc plated screws for PCB grounding? Means the zinc coated screw head will be in contact with copper trace on PCB for grounding. But this can cause galvanic corrosion between zinc and ...
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3answers
705 views

PCB Design/Grounding: Minimize noise

I have a question about proper grounding while measuring low voltage signals meaning how can the noise be minimized? The following schematic shows the setup: simulate this circuit – Schematic ...
7
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3answers
430 views

Is star grounding sources necessary for this data acquisition system?

Several single ended output and PSU powered transducers are tens of meters apart from each other outputting 0 to 10V DC like voltages. Some are temperature transducers some are force transducers ect....
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9answers
5k views

Grounding in space

I'm working on a project that will be launched inside a Blue Origin New Shepard rocket and need to know the details of how our experiment will be grounded. The experiment will have a 5 V USB 3.0 ...
1
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2answers
124 views

Separate grounding for analog and digital portions of circuitry

A datasheet suggests separate grounding for analog and digital portions of circuitry (http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/am26c32.pdf#page=12). Is this to say that the IC's outputs should have a ...
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3answers
327 views

Electrically Grounding a Large Heatsink to PCB Layer Ground

I have a 100x100mm board that is directly attached to a same sized heatsink on one side (touching heat producing IC packages). The board is 4 layer, with a large ground middle layer. Is there any ...
0
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2answers
250 views

Chassis grounding for multiple daisy-chained units

I'm designing a system that provides power/ethernet/serial for up to 5 daisychained units. All of the boxes will be metal and my initial plan is to run power and signal ground through the 14 pin ...
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0answers
37 views

Unexplained differences in behaviour between U.FL-terminated antenna and SMA-terminated antenna

I would like your opinions/advice regarding an unexplained observation between a U.FL-terminated antenna and an SMA-terminated antenna. Both antennas are from the same manufacturer and normally tuned ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Grounding and shielding between isolated devices

I have a battery operated micro controller with a hall sensor, mounted on a motorbike. The hall sensor has a shielded cable to counteract spark plug induced EMI. By default, the entire setup is ...
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2answers
111 views

How does grounding prevent electric shock?

I understand that an electrical appliance will be connected to ground to provide a path back if there is a fault and a live wire touches the case. However if a person is also touching the case at ...
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0answers
25 views

How can I test which mains wire belongs to neutral and which to ground? [migrated]

I currently live in Spain, in an old building, where apparently electrical codes don't strictly apply... because not all outlets have ground or, indeed, not all connections are grounded. To make ...
1
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1answer
79 views

why is it bad if a coax cable (used for antenna cable) has multiple paths to ground?

I have an Internet modem/router device connected to a 20 foot LMR400 coaxial cable which uses N-to-N type connectors to connect to a 10 foot LMR400 cable, which is then connected into an ...
1
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1answer
237 views

SiPM Array, High Speed Layout

I'm working on an prototype array of Silicon Photomultipliers using the Sensl MicroFJ-60035 TSV device. It's a small 6 mm by 6 mm square-shaped BGA photomultiplier. Think of a 6x6 BGA array with the ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Why is there a positive body voltage when grounded, but none when not?

So after reading about earthing and earthing mats, I decided to make myself a very basic one for cheap to test the concept before jumping in with purchasing more sophisticated products. Here's what I ...
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2answers
129 views

What are the errors with using only the line from a socket to power an appliance?

In the diagram below, the image on the left shows how a plug is normally connected to an outlet. The image on the right shows how the socket is replaced by a new configuration. One of the holes on ...
0
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2answers
130 views

Connect IR Emitter (+) to IR Receiver (+)?

I have a vehicle stereo deck that has an IR receiver input (+) and a steering wheel control module that has an IR emitter LED (+/-). The steering wheel control module, "translates" (using a mapping ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Earth line safety [closed]

I am working with a conductive appliance that a user will be in constant contact with over extended periods of time and the appliance is constantly earthed. These two facts cannot change, other than ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Is it right to define ground as a pool of surplus free electrons, like a metal?

In a dipole antenna or any other pole like antenna, there is supposedly a ground on one side causing the current to flow away and towards the ground towards the feed, but if the whole antenna itself ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Grounding PCB Within Aluminum Enclosure

I have been doing some research on this question and, while I found a number of questions here asking something similar, I don't quite get the side-by-side comparison I am looking for. Therefore I ...
1
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1answer
49 views

LCD suddenly stops displaying

I am using a PC2002LRU-BWB-H-Q LCD with a STM32F4 micro and is powered through a TMP10424. There is also some 3V3 and 5V modules to. The problem is that the LCD is displayed fine for over days and ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Can a house battery share common ground with the starter battery without interference?

I am quite new at this so bear with my questions. I have purchased two 12 volt batteries which I will connect in series for 24 volt and to be used as house batteries. I drive a truck which has a 24 ...
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0answers
60 views

Does regularly spaced via stitching contribute to standing waves on an RF PCB?

Should vias be irregularly spaced? Can consistent spacing between ground vias create standing waves. Has anyone ever heard of this? I've been doing this for awhile and I've never heard this and ...
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2answers
7k views

Am I supposed to ground the inverter or the battery? Or both? To vehicle chassis

I am setting up a solar system in a vehicle. I have 400W solar panels, a 12V battery bank, and a 2000W inverter. I've looked at the manuals and read online to figure out the wiring diagram below. ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

PCB ground connection for shared power/data bus system

I have a wireless device that is connected to a shared power and data bus, similar to below. The bus can be shared by up to 5 devices and I don't know what it will be connected in advance. I connect ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

“Creating” a ground pin for my laptop

I am building a sensor using an Arduino connected to a laptop; I noticed that the readout is much more noisy when I use a non-grounded laptop (either running on battery or connected to a power socket ...
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0answers
26 views

How to have Wye-connected Potential Transformers(PTs) and Neutral Ground Resistor short circuit detection at my ground fault protection relay?

Detecting if the Neutral Ground Resistor (NGR) is shorted is something that must be checked at the Ground Fault Protecting Relay. The typical way to do this is to inject a DC component and to measure ...
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1answer
740 views

Float Function generator

Why are the Outputs of many function generators earth grounded? As far as I understand grounding the generator or Parts like the chassis can reduce shock hazards if something fails within the ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Correct way to do “power injection” from multiple DC supplies?

I'm using a PixLite controller to run a bunch of pixel LED strips. Since I'm sticking to 5V I need to use multiple power supplies (PSUs) to "inject" extra power for the number of LEDs I'm running. ...
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3answers
28 views

Connecting the Block AIM 5.0/2.0 auto-transformer to UK three-wire plug

I am not electrically very knowledgeable person. At the moment I am trying to connect a Block AIM 5.0/2.5 Auto-transformer to a piece of very sensitive medical equipment. The auto-transformer was ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Correct way to ground components for solar panel measurement

I'm currently doing a project where I'm supposed to measure the current and the voltage from a solar panel and am unsure of how I should ground all the components in the circuit (since electrical ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Grounding of IT equipment for office ESD protection

We've been having a lot of problems in my office with ESD. People touch cubicle frames and monitors shut off momentarily, painful shocks through laptops, etc. I'm worried about equipment getting ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Ground anti-static bracelet without ground wire

I recently damaged a IC with my own static while soldering it. So I decided to buy a anti-static bracelet, but.. here where I live (Brazil) almost no building has proper grounding, only neutral and ...
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5answers
6k views

Is it a bad idea to plug the other end of ESD strap to wall ground?

I have gone through this answer on Superuser, while it provides good information, I still have a specific question from electrical/electronics engineering point of view. Is it wrong and unsafe to ...
6
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4answers
2k views

How does residential electricity work?

I'm trying to understand how the electricity works in my house. I live in the US. I know that at the transformer, the primary winding induces a current in the secondary winding. The secondary ...
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3answers
45 views

Mitigating touch current in two-pronged AC without dedicated ground

I'm trying to work on a simple circuit where (simplified) I plug in a 240V 50Hz AC through a resistive coil to convert to heat. The coil is insulated and placed under a metal plate. I'm noticing that ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Shield ground to metal body or signal ground?

I have a question about grounding. I will have two short shielded cables with signal wires inside, located at the top of a tower. The cables have a grounding wire inside shorted to their foil shields ...
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2answers
426 views

What is signal ground

I encountered signal ground symbol while studying 555 IC Please explain why isn't a simple ground connection used and how does signal ground differ from normal ground. I am a first year undergraduate, ...
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1answer
63 views

Adding SMA conectors to a device whose metal casing is connected to earth ground through at a single point

We are iterating a device whose metal chassis is internally connected to an ESD guard ring that is connected to the PCB signal ground through a 0Ohm resistor in a single point close to the power ...
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1answer
99 views

How does the iPad not electrocute people without grounding?

I've noticed for a while that my iPad had a tingling sensation when I brushed my hand along the back of the casing. I found out today that it was because the charger is not grounded, and this was ...
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3answers
88 views

If two objects are grounded, why do they still need to be bonded? And if they are bonded, why does each still need to be grounded? (fire safety)

When transferring a flammable liquid, both the container and the receptacle are supposed to be grounded and bonded. If they are both grounded, shouldn't the change on each be equal to ground? And if ...
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2answers
137 views

Is it a good idea to ground a heat sink?

Have a nice piece of Motorola obtainium that I want to use to power a Raspberry Pi, and I also happen to have a left over ground wire (the case has a three-lead power connector). The case is 100% ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Why is there a voltage between the mains ground and my radiator?

I have an anti-static mat that comes with a plug that only has a ground lead. Out of curiosity, I measured the voltages between the live, neutral, ground, and my radiator. As expected, there is ...
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2answers
122 views

How can charging current be understood intuitively?

The charging current I’m talking about would be the one between un-shorted phases and ground when there is a short to ground in one of the phases in a distribution network or facility. I'm not talking ...
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0answers
22 views

Extension cord from grid through GFCI outlet to off grid inverter. Does the extension cord ground need connected?

I have an off grid system: PV, charge controllers, inverters, and batteries. I want to add a 120V grid input from a GFCI outlet through an extension cord directly into the inverter AC input. However, ...