Questions tagged [high-frequency]

This tag marks questions related high frequency (radio) circuits.

0
votes
1answer
91 views

Brushless motor back and high current and IC

I'm trying to replace the brain of my neato vacuum which is broken. I've already repair a cleaning MOP but with this one I have a problem with the brushless motor which is throwing some party fun in ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

USB Routing: Switching layers during routing

I'm working on a standard 4 layer board that involves USB 3.0. I have to route the SS TX/RX pairs as well as D+/D- pairs across a 2.8" PCB. I have found multiple calculators that provide me the ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Power amplifier design

For my research purpose, I am planning to design one power amplifier (basically, a current amplifier) with the following specification- Frequency range: 0-100MHz (or at least 0-30MHz) Output voltage: ...
0
votes
4answers
161 views

Why can't all data be sent across 4 wires?

I am aware that USB uses a positive, negative and D+/- wires in order to transmit data. The twisted pair are used to negate the effects of interference and electronic noise. I also understand that a ...
4
votes
1answer
842 views

Skin Effect of resistors

Skin effect of metallic conductors is well documented. What about SMD resistors? High values Vs low values? Above what frequencies would this be an issue?
3
votes
1answer
213 views

How are 200 GBit/s over twin-axial copper cable achieved?

The 200GBASE-CR4 standard [1] defines ethernet communication with 200 GBit/s using four lanes and PAM4 modulation over a maximum distance of 3 m. A single PAM4 symbol encodes two bits, therefore, I ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How to create 113 kHz or 1.7 MHz AC signal for Ultrasonic Mist Maker?

I would like to control piezo disk for ultrasonic mist of variable frequency (kHz to MHz). Is it possible with a single circuit to generate different frequency depending on the type of disc that I use?...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How to amplify a signal for piezo transducer from 1 Vpp to 200 Vpp at 400 kHz and 500 pF load

I'm a researcher working with phased ultrasonic transducer arrays. I need to amplify a sine wave at 400 kHz and 1 Vpp to 200 Vpp. It has a capacitive load of 500 pF. I'm little ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

High frequency reduces power on circuit

I am not expert in electronics so there must be many errors that I am not considering. I designed a simple half wave rectifier that gives signal to a LDO voltage regulator of 3V3. In the input I have ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

PHY Link only establishing 10 Mbps speed when both devices 100 Mbps capable

I've designed a circuit board with a Microchip switch (KSZ9897) going to a Ethernet-to-VDSL module (LX200V20). The PHY ports between the two devices are connected using a transformerless connection ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

How find the optimal frequency of a high frequency transformer

I have disassembled a "Chinese" power inverter, I found a High-Frequency Transformer, with no label on it. I would like to make an inverter using this transformer to generate the High voltage to feed ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Change in duty cycle of a transistor (BJT)

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I have recently been working on a project in which my requirement is to transmit the data through a transistor, at a typical speed of ...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

High Frequency Characteristics of Solder-Filled Vias

If a via gets plugged with solder, does this destroy its ability to pass high frequency (RF noise) currents? Since there is no longer a surface along which the high frequency currents can travel due ...
1
vote
2answers
164 views

High pass filter for use in amplifier circuit

I've designed an amplifier for a small ac signal (amplitude of around 5mV, frequency 252kHz) with a BJT (2N2222.) The BJT is set up in a common emitter amplifier configuration, with the biasing ...
4
votes
2answers
421 views

Question relative to pads for capacitors - high frequency

In the article Compact sub nano second pulse generator using avalanche transistors, I read P. 874 Further, we used pads on a doublesided 0.062” FR-4 epoxy glass laminate pc-board for ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

Calculating Wattage for Resistor in High Frequency Application?

I am making a MOSFET driving circuit. Frequency : 400 kHz [50% duty cycle] Gate voltage: 12 V Total gate charge : 210 nC as per datasheet IRFP460 Rise time: 100 ns [Q=I*t] Current: 2.1 A Gate ...
6
votes
2answers
429 views

How does one measure the Fourier components of a signal?

I attended a lecture on ground penetrating radar (GPR). I am used to reflection seismic where the incoming pressure amplitude is measured as a function of time. In GPR, instead the Fourier components ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What kind of Modulation? Who transmits on 850 MHz (LTE-Uplink or GPRS?)?

Hey, I found an interesting Signal on 850MHz (in Germany). It is not symmetric and very strong (relative to many others due to bad antennas). On the right side the bandwith is permanently used, on the ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Can I bridge output IO's from an FPGA that is driving a clock source to drive longer tracks?

Scenario I have a motherboard and a daughterboard that couple through two headers. The motherboard has a 16x16 array of ultrasound speakers each with their own drivers, that works. I drive them ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Why isn't there a non-conducting core wire for high-frequency coil applications

Background The commonly known skin effect formulas are derived and only apply to solid conductors. The commonly used "skin depth" only applies in these cases. It is for this reason that in some ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Can you make an electric gamma ray emmiter by adding up frequencies with freq. mixers up until you reach gamma ray herz quantities?

I just thought this up. Theoretically if you can add freq numbers you can get to large quantities like in a calculator, only this time mixing electric frequencies using amounts of circuitry right? Is ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Need a technique to rectify high voltage high frequency

I recently made a high frequency transformer which I will be using to drive a large spark gap tesla coil. I machined the bobbin at work from nylon and bought the 60x55x15 cores on Mouser to form a ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Switching high voltages with MOSFET at high frequencies

I need to rectify 220V 50Hz AC power to obtain 48V DC output voltage. Up to 40A current can be drawn from the DC side. 10% ripple is acceptable on the rectified voltage. I am considering two ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Choosing an inductor for a bias T

I'm creating a Bias-T circuit for a certain application. When choosing my inductor to block my AC-signals I know for example the proper inductance to choose etc. However, what I am having trouble with ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Paralleling LVPECL outputs?

I have a pretty unusual application here, where I need to drive a fast differential signal fanning out into 8+ 100ohm transmission lines. The unusual part is this: the transmission lines must be ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Passive Elements At high Frequency [parasitic effects]

What would the magnitude Response curve for a Resistor, Inductor and Capacitor look like [with parasitic effects not ideal components] ? From what I have gathered they would look something along the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

What's the role of Ground Plane in high frequency boards?

Here is an image of an LNB circuit: As you can see there is some Vias that is pointless for me(blue circles). Why didn't the designer connect these components to the ground line around the circuit ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What's this length-tunned shape in this circuit?

Here is an image of an LNB circuit: Probably you heard something about length-tunned traces that they use in high-frequencies PCBs. There is something similar to the length-tunned traces in the PCB(...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Does it matter what size of via you use in high frequency circuits?

Here is an image of an LNB and there is some different "Via"s in the PCB that I don't know Why do they use different size of Vias in such circuits. Why? Any reason? I showed two Vias using two arrows ...
6
votes
2answers
520 views

What do these parts of this PCB do?

Here is an image of an LNB circuit: There is some parts in this circuit that I cannot know what they are. Marked them using blue circles. What are these parts and what do they do? They looks like ...
0
votes
3answers
132 views

What's this component and how could these screws affect it?

Today, I was seeing the circuit of an LNB deeply and a part of it catched my attention. Here is an image of the circuit: And here is two images of the bottom and the two components that catched my ...
0
votes
2answers
358 views

How to determine the current rating of Litz wire winding at high frequency?

How can we determine the current rating of a litz wire winding at high frequency? This is my try: For example, if we use 660/38 litz at 85kHz, we can see the equivalent AWG is 10 (reference). Then, ...
1
vote
3answers
116 views

High voltage to low voltage in ps/nanosecond time (Zener/opamp?)

So I have a signal that goes from 0 to ~800volts in 30ns. I would like to use this signal to trigger a camera (input impedance of 50ohm) which takes a max of 10 volts and requires the rise time to be ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Maximum via frequency

I am designing a 18 layer, 2.5mm board using the material FR408HR and I am wondering about maximum via frequency, because I should use them for PCIe 2.0 (5 Gbps). I have not found a specific ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

High frequency switching applications

I was reading that for high frequency switching applications with semiconductors, the ratio of the electron to hole mobility should be high. Why is it so? Is it a necessary condition always? Or ...
28
votes
8answers
8k views

Why is 50 Ω often chosen as the input impedance of antennas, whereas the free space impedance is 377 Ω?

In order to efficiently deliver power to a different part of a circuit without reflection, the impedances of all circuit elements need to be matched. Free space can be regarded as a further element, ...
46
votes
13answers
10k views

Why do fundamental circuit laws break down at high frequency AC?

We're just starting the whole RF scene having dealt with DC and low frequency AC for all our previous courses. I understand that at high frequency AC, fundamental circuit laws don't apply anymore ...
-3
votes
2answers
175 views

Is there any way to convert 50 Hz directly to 1 MHz? [closed]

I want to know whether there are any ways to convert 50 Hz AC to 1 MHz without Voltage Controlled Oscillators? If I'm correct, all the normal circuits convert the AC to DC and then use it to ...
1
vote
3answers
479 views

Is it possible to measure frequency upto 500Mhz with 50Mhz oscilloscope?

Is there a way to measure higher frequency measurements with a 50 MHz oscilloscope (eg rigol ds1054z)? Perhaps some post processing of captured waveforms? Or with the help of some adapters? I have a ...
1
vote
2answers
265 views

Design a tank circuit for class C power amplifier using ADS

I am trying to figure out the best values for the tank circuit values (L and C) in order to compare the amplifier's efficiency with the output power I have chosen the tank value L1 and C7 to resonate ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Impedance Matching Network with tracks+connectors in between (practice)

I've been struggling on how to design (and develop in practice) an impedance matching network with some traces/tracks/paths (whatever you wanna call it) and some connectors in between. So here is the ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Resonant, autotuned nanopulser

My need is to build (or purchase, if existent) a nanopulser, but not an ordinary one: it has to have some specific characteristics. The premise is: I have a device which acts as a variable capacitor ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

High current/high voltage/high frequency measurement

I have a circuit that I'm having trouble understanding. It measures the current flowing through a conductor. The measured load is 20-100 Amps, 9kHz-34kHz, and approx. 340 volts. The main conductor ...
3
votes
2answers
373 views

How to amplify a low Amplitude, High frequency signal from Ultrasonic Transducer?

I am working with some ultrasonic transducers, the receiver gets a signal of around 10 mVp-p at 125 kHz and for its purpose needs a gain of around 10. So far have a simple inverting OP-Amp setup, ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

EHF RF Transmitter and Receiver

We are working on a blood glucose meter that will measure BG readings through radio waves with a frequency between 60-70 GHz. That range is necessary to allow penetration through the tissue and we ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Asynchronous SRAM routing crosstalk concerns

I'm routing a large BGA SRAM that is connected to a BGA FPGA, and there's about 40 signals altogether connecting the two. I'm using Henry Ott's recommended 8-layer stackup: 1 ________________Mounting ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

High voltage high speed low current amplifier

I want to design an amplifier that can take an 8MHz signal (even square) with an amplitude of only a few volts (1-3V) and amplify it up to 160V but I only need it to deliver about 60mA. I also want to ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a small (6-pin) DIP I can use to generate multi-MHz squarewave clocks with an external crystal?

I'm building a circuit that I'd like to run at 8 MHz to begin with, but I want to be able to try it out at 10, 12, 16, 20, and, maybe, 25 MHz. I know that many microcontrollers have the ability to ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Build a High-Voltage High-Frequency Power Supply

I need to build a HV HF power supply to ionize gas. The specifications are 12V input voltage and 10kV output voltage @ 13.56MHz. I know this is not an easy task at all, since in this frequency area, ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Why solder mask are not applied to RF PCBs

I've gone through some of the RF PCB designs. In which solder masking on the traces are not present. Like this one Is there a specific reason or performance issue to remove that?