Questions tagged [high-voltage]

Questions related to the design of circuits that supply or use a high voltage. There are a few definitions but the IEC definition of a high-voltage supply system is above 1000 Vrms AC or 1500 V DC.

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52 views

High Voltage on PCBs: design and layout questions

I am designing two PCBs that have high voltage (DC) on them. They will be located on a CubeSat (so, space). 1) The first PCB (HV-PCB) will receive the HV (3 kV max) from a DC-DC converter through a ...
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1answer
73 views

Designing an analog high voltage multiplexer

I'm putting together a design for a vacuum tube tester and curve tracer. The circuit I want to build is capable of powering up a tube and measure the voltage and current at the tube's pins. I would ...
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3answers
97 views

Diodes in series to increase reverse voltage: why one need to add resistors?

Usually it is recommended to put resistors in parallel to each diode like this: It is supposed that the resistors will equalize leackage currents and make the voltage drop more even. However, I ...
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2answers
66 views

How to generate high voltage with inductor

I was tinkering with old camera circuits and I amazed about circuit generate 400v with 1.5v battery .So I wonder can(or how) I make the circuit to generate and store high voltage ? I searched about ...
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66 views

Lower amps than expected?

I build an inverter to power some panels of EL paint (If you don't know what EL paint is check out this link). It puts out some very high voltage and I thought I'd check to see what amperage it is ...
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1answer
102 views

What's best protection for a really high voltage 50kV generator PCB? [duplicate]

What is the best options for protecting a 50kV high voltage low amp PCB? Encapsulation the components, potting the whole thing or just using conformal coating will be enough for the corona discharge?
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88 views

Enclosure/boxes for high voltage PCB

It is time to choose the proper enclosure for a high voltage PCB. We will need to do holes for LV external connectors and external connectors for high voltage wires. I was looking for standard boxes ...
7
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1answer
284 views

How can I rectify up to 85 kV?

I've recently gotten into eletrochemistry, and I found out that if you break through \$\epsilon_{0}\$ with a high enough voltage you can ionize various gasses. I've already wound a 1:1250 EE core that ...
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1answer
151 views

500V generation, MOSFET Heating Problem

Referring to my previous post. I have successfully generated 500V. The problem I am facing an issue. MOSFET I am using for switching is FQB34N20LTM. The MOSFET is burning badly. The snap of drain ...
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1answer
32 views

Minimum distances between box case connectors and PCB surface conductors

I am working on a few kV PCB design with external voltage connectors (HIGH and GND levels). So user interface connectors are thought to be bananas jacks (they support until 7kV but has soldering ...
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2answers
102 views

Voltage Divider Multiplier Value Too High?

After constructing a voltage divider to reduce the voltage from my power supply (Output 10kV, 30mA) an oscilloscope probe was used in hopes of measuring the output voltage of the system. Due to the ...
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37 views

High quasi-isolated voltage measurement

I have to measure a DC voltage and an AC voltage around 100V. I found the circuit with an AD629 and one OP177. I simulated everything in Spice and it works fine, at least in the simulation. In ...
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82 views

How to know what is the safety standard to apply to a PCB design?

I want to design a PCB with some points at some KV during certain times, less than 10KV and no more than 30mA of current. After dealing with concepts and getting the main idea about my circuit needs, ...
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2answers
68 views

SOIC-8 IC input pins small spacing at high voltage

I'm looking at a high common mode voltage difference amp (AD629). The input voltage between the two input pins next to each other will be 150VDC. Normally the pads should be bigger on the PCB than the ...
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1answer
76 views

Removing output voltage ripple in high voltage outputs

I am looking to reduce the voltage ripple on a DC/DC converter operating at 5kV. I have looked extensively on the internet and have found multiple ways to reduce output voltage ripple, an ...
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2answers
140 views

Can single phase AC produce a continuous electric arc?

Constant DC supply and 3 phase AC (in mercury rectifier) can produce a continuous arc. But can single phase AC also produce a continuous arc? Because it is written on the web that arc extinguishes at ...
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1answer
64 views

Barrier and slot within reduced area on a PCB

Imagine this situation in a little area of your PCB: According to the worst case and used material, I need a creepage distance = 30mm. According some tables, clearance must be 30mm. First Red banana ...
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2answers
97 views

15kV High voltage pulse generator circuit how to have digital control?

first of all I'm fairly new to making a more complicated circuit. I'm trying to make a PCB with an ATmega328PB chip on it. And with that chip I want to control a High voltage pulse generator (Arc ...
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1answer
78 views

Why are overhead electric wires allowed to have higher voltages than third rails for rapid transit railways?

I hope this question is on-topic for this site. The city I live in (Chennai, in India) got a rapid transit metro rail a few years ago that uses overhead electrification of 25kV, 50Hz AC voltage to ...
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5answers
126 views

When to use slots instead of barriers in high voltage design?

I have read a lot of information about the clearance and creepage strategies, distances, materials, etc.. I am designing my first HV PCB, main LV circuit will be on TOP and HV (6KV) on the bottom. ...
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35 views

Neon Power Supply Voltage AC Measurement

So I was provided with a circuit which consists of a variable transformer connected to the main (essentially allows the input of the power supply to be controlled) and a Neon Power Supply (Has An ...
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0answers
34 views

High voltage output from CCFL backlight transformer?

I have an old television inverter board I've been meaning to turn into a power supply for a plate-deflected oscilloscope CRT *. I'm not really an expert on transformers, however, and though I have ...
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0answers
71 views

Oscilloscope high voltage and current measurements

I have been tasked with measuring both the voltage and current output of a plasma system but have only been provided and oscilloscope to do this (Tektonix TBS 2000 Series 100MHz, 1G/s) and a high ...
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0answers
28 views

Pulsed Power Charging Resistor and Choke

I am currently attempting to build a pulsed power supply that requires an 8 H inductor to produce 50 kV 17 A square pulses with widths of 100 uS. Please see the attached schematic for more details (...
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1answer
59 views

In high voltage but low current measurement [closed]

I made some research but couldn't find my answer which fit my question well. First of all, I am looking for circuit design or a brilliant idea that can be applied a high voltage(app. 40kV). For this ...
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1answer
59 views

High Voltage Planar Transformers

I am designing a high voltage DC/DC converter that is for an aerospace application and therefore I am focusing on reducing the size and weight, so switching at a high frequency possibly integrating ...
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3answers
810 views

Is kapton suitable for use as high voltage insulation?

I need to solder together some wires which will eventually run at about five kV, and I'm trying to figure out the best way to insulate the exposed leads. Heat shrink (my usual go-to) is apparently ...
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3answers
96 views

Measure 10kV with 600V rated multimeter [duplicate]

My multimeter is rated for 600V but I need to measure a 10kV AC source. I was thinking of building a voltage divider but I wouldn't know how many resistors it would take to safely measure this high of ...
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1answer
87 views

Supercapacitor based lightning-harvester [closed]

Could lightning discharges be harvested and stored in supercapacitor banks? Could supercapacitors withstand and collect lightning? Lightning usually lasts for about 10 micro seconds and reaches ...
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0answers
55 views

Standards for colour of conductors of pre-assembled cables

We are designing a product for industrial energy storage systems. Multiple units are connected with pre-fabricated cable assemblies of 2-4 separate leads that are terminated in connectors unique to ...
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5answers
94 views

Open circuit ground multiplexing?

I am experimenting with electrospray ionization. The setup has a 4kV power supply connected to an electrode that is separated from a return lug (or ground plate) via an air gap, followed by an inline ...
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1answer
71 views

High voltage op amp rail generation

I'm using two ADHV4702-1 high voltage op amps for a project. They are configured as a current sink with a class B output amplifier (with some fixes for the crossover distortion). I already have a +/-...
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1answer
49 views

Vacuum Contactor Wiring Diagrams

In reviewing the following wiring schematics for a vacuum contactor, I can't wrap my head around why things are the way they are. Source > Downloads > Catalogues Wiring Diagram #1, Size 4 Contactor ...
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2answers
52 views

Need help finding a high voltage, high slew rate Op-Amp [closed]

I am designing a single stage driver circuit that needs to be capable of driving a rectangular pulse wave up to voltages of +50V. The slew rate has to be at least 500 V/μs. So far, I have found 2 op ...
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3answers
118 views

How to monitor high voltage capacitor bank?

I am working with a large ring launcher and a capacitor bank that has the potential to charge up to 3000 volts in a bank of capacitors totaling 12,000 μF. I need to provide a sort of tap to measure ...
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2answers
133 views

Can a stripped USB charging cable electrify you and how dangerous would it be? [closed]

I have a USB type C charging cable that I charge my cellphone with. Couple of days ago I found out that it got frayed on some parts of its plastic cover. I always charge my cellphone in bed and before ...
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0answers
28 views

Bonding tests on High voltage systems

I am wondering what kind of tests are performed on bonding schemes in high voltage systems. I am specifically interested in underground systems. What are these tests looking for? Do different bonding ...
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1answer
150 views

Are there PCB connectors capable of suporting more than 3.5kV of working voltage?

I was thinking of a design for bringing VCC+ and GND to a board through a PCB connector. VCC = 6 kV. It comes from external source towards a banana jack within a metal case. The first idea was to fit ...
3
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1answer
77 views

How can be creepage between two conductor points be determined for HV pcb design?

I have read about spacing at HV design and it seems to say that there are two main standards to be followed: IPC or UL (IEC). IPC is a generic and commonly used. But UL is the best option for designs ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it a routed slot the same than creepage concept and how to calculate slot width?

I was reading a high voltage pcb design guide and it talks about insulators insertions, routed slots, gradient rings, etc.. but it doesn't talk about creepage. As the creepage could be achieved by ...
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1answer
113 views

crossing 240 V traces on both top and bottom sides of a 2 layer PCB

My situation is the same as the crossings encircled in white from Can I place 220V Live traces on top and bottom of PCB? Therefore, running Line traces on the top layer and Neutral traces on the ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Safe way to reform high-voltage capacitor

This week I received an old photographic studio flash unit made in the early 1960'ies. Inside is a huge 40µF/2500V capacitor. I don't know the usage history of the unit; it may not have been used for ...
3
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2answers
148 views

Minimum distance between two connectors in a high voltage PCB design

My application will have low current (mA) but high voltage lines. High voltage will arriving from external source using banana jacks on the case. I am looking for an example in which someone uses ...
3
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1answer
143 views

The life of a high voltage line

In my neighbourhood, a 220 kiloVolt high voltage line is being renovated. It seems that they are replacing the cables, and they also may do some other maintenance. This, however, gave rise to some (...
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46 views

What capacitor to use for high voltage & high current filter application

I am designing a filter that needs a capacitor. I am not allowed to paste the schematic here, so only the maximum voltage at and current through the cap, pasted from the spice simulation: (voltage is ...
2
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2answers
187 views

How to measure high DC voltage by micro-controller with an integrated approach?

Goal is to measure DC voltages in the 100-500VDC range, safely with a microcontroller (e.g. Arduino) The particular application is to monitor the voltage of a large Lithium series parallel battery ...
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0answers
33 views

How to calculate distance between two wire-pcb connectors with high voltage for keeping connectors isolation?

I'm planning the way of connecting 8 devices terminal wires all together within a 6kV point (V+), there will be 8 more wires connected to GND (V-). Those V+ and V- points will be in the metal case. ...
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1answer
59 views

safety precautions of high tension wire during rainy season? [closed]

Hi what are the safety precautions of high tension wire during rainy season? what is the precaution need to do, if the wire get cut and fallen in the road?
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2answers
77 views

X Ray Transformer with Full Wave Rectifier Design

I current am in possession of a center tapped X-ray transformer that can supply 80 kV and 10 mA. However, I need this transformer to supply approximately 0 to -37 kV DC at around 8 mA. In order to ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Electrode shape in a triggered spark gap?

I was reading about spark gaps which are triggered with a third electrode, and I think that the concept is pretty straightforward, but the resource described the usage of a third electrode which would ...