# Questions tagged [impedance]

Impedance defines the voltage/current characteristic of any dipole circuit.

1,499 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
29 views

### Completed Daisy Seed Guitar Pedal

This thread is a follow up to this one, and hopefully the last one in my series of questions. The context is: I'd like to make a guitar pedal based on an Electrosmith Daisy Seed. Requirements are to ...
• 27
45 views

### Calculating dimentions of impedance-matched pads on PCB in an RF circuit

I am trying to build an RF amplifier based on an existing design. In my first version of PCB I didn't pay attention to solder pads of the RF transistor (BLF6G21) which were quite large on my reference ...
56 views

### Impedance of a real op amp

I am reading the book Operational Amplifiers by Steve Winder. On page 14, it explains input impedance of real op amps: "... there is a large differential input impedance ... ". How exactly ...
• 159
51 views

### Building Impedance measurement circuit

I hope you are all doing well. I am a PhD student and completely new to circuit design. I need a compact-sized circuit and prefer not to use an impedance analyzer due to its bulkiness. I am looking to ...
67 views

### Why does the resonance peak dampen when an air cored coil is kept on a conducting material?

I was performing an experiment on an air cored coil, when I noticed that the resonance peak of the coil (Real(Z)) in air was sharp, but when kept on an SS316 plate, the peak dampened. When the coil ...
• 95
1 vote
84 views

### Inverting Amplifier for Impedance and Scaling before Electrosmith Daisy Seed

This thread is a follow-up to this one and that one where I asked for solutions to feed a signal from a guitar pedal device rated 10 dBV (9V p2p) and 10 kOhm output impedance, into an Electrosmith ...
• 27
50 views

### Is it possible to bound the characteristic impedance of a connector pin if it's not impedance-controlled?

I'm currently assessing whether I need a feedthrough connector to be impedance controlled since it carries gigabit ethernet, but only after about 6 meters of cable. So I've made a LTSpice model with ...
• 9,946
215 views

### General solution for the impedance of a finite ladder network with different series and parallel impedances

I am trying to find the equivalent impedance of a network that has a structure like this: I have attempted to use MATLAB with the Symbolic Toolbox to find a solution for the equivalent impedance with ...
• 45
58 views

### Strange non-linearity in inductor impedance

Recently I've disassembled, and rewound a 12+12 V 2A transformer as an autotransformer for a test in impedance matching, but it ended not being enough for what I wanted (although it did work). Then I ...
• 761
47 views

### Variable resistor values for a guitar amplifier circuit

This is a continuation from a previous post. Read here if you have further questions. I have decided to makee a simple guitar amplifier with the circuit seen in the attached figure. What maximum value ...
1 vote
49 views

### What impedance should I shoot for speaker circuit?

I would like to build a simple speaker circuit to amplify an audio signal. I plan on using the CDS-40288 speaker by CUI Devices (datasheet). Questions: How will the impedance of the CDS-40288 affect ...
50 views

### Signal Amplitude drop due to TVS diodes

I hope you are fine. I have a question. I have generated a 4Vpp signal with a 5MHz frequency using the following sequence: AD9851 (DDS) → AD8001 (Op Amp) → Ferrite bead (2KΩ) → Microfluidic sensor ...
64 views

### Why is the output impedance of an open-loop amplifier with a loading effect calculated by breaking the loop like this?

I'm a bit confused about how the author calculated the output impedance of the open-loop transconductance amplifier with the loading effect as follows. (All images are taken from of the 6th edition of ...
• 302
1 vote
132 views

### Op-Amp for microelectrodes in PBS conductive solution

I am using micro electrodes in a conductive solution (PBS: Phosphate Buffered Saline) and I would like to be able to measure the voltage with a National Instrument measuring device (PXIe6345). I apply ...
61 views

### Why does my calculation for transmission line reflection and transmission at a load have infinite solutions?

Take a transmission line with some characteristic impedance and insert a load somewhere along the line. What are the transmitted and reflected signals, given an sinusoidal input. Physically this ...
• 343
37 views

### How to determine exact output impedance of the source degeneration using feedback analysis?

How can I get the EXACT output impedance when looking from the drain side of the source degeneration using FEEDBACK ANALYSIS? It can be derived easily using a couple of methods, but I'm having some ...
• 302
982 views

### Infinite output impedance in amplifier, instead of 0?

The question asks: "Exercise 14.5 Assume an ideal op amp and use the summing-point constraint to find an expression for the output current io in the circuit of Figure 14.14. Also find the input ...
89 views

### Why does tan (θ) equals -j in impedance of reactive circuits?

I'm having trouble understanding the maths for impedance. Suppose we have a voltage of $V(t)=V_{0}sin({\omega}t)$ and we plug this into the capacitor equation $I(t)=C\frac{dV(t)}{dt}$. This would ...
• 162
442 views

### Do audio impedance mismatches cause reflection (ie, 8-Ohm output to 20kOhm input) ? Does it matter?

I understand that audio source⇒input impedance mismatches are normal, and this answer provides a good reason as to why. However, having worked with RF more than audio, mismatches cause reflection that ...
• 2,200
262 views

### What does impedance seen from input/output mean?

I am seeing it usually like impedance seen from input/output when we need to match impedances between two circuits. What does it even mean? Does impedance change based on where do you look from?
• 271
28 views

### Impedance measurement using AD 5933

I hope this message finds you well. I am using the AD 5933 evaluation board for impedance measurement, The data sheet says it can measure the impedance up to 10M ohm. I am currently measuring the ...
173 views

### Source impedance-trace impedance - load termination impedance confusion

I drew an experiment PCB to better understand the PCB impedance. And when I look at the impedance at 1 GHz, it can be seen that it is 119 Ω at most points of the trace. Then, I created a source that ...
• 756
622 views

### Why does the voltage double at the end of line in a open transmission line (physical explanation)

I'm seaching a way to explain physically what happens in a wave reflection in a transmission line, if we apply a DC voltage in a open circuit transmission line, the voltage at the doubled. I saw this ...
86 views

### Pi-Filter Simulations Comparison

I am trying to simulate the filter impedances on LTspice. There are two images of the simulation results of the same pi-filter on LTspice and Redexpert. Although I am not sure the parameters are ...
1 vote
141 views

### How can this Clapp JFET oscillate when its gate is tied to ground at the resonance frequency?

How does the circuit below oscillate? It seems to have |gain| < 1 at its oscillation frequency of 2.25 MHz, yet it oscillates there. My analysis: The DC path is through L4 only, allowing a bias ...
• 1,307
58 views

### Non buffered CMOS logic gates working under load when using real components (LTSpice Sim)?

I'm experimenting with CMOS logic gates and have encountered something I am having a hard time understanding. When I make an inverter using ideal components and measure the output, it works exactly as ...
• 165
47 views

### Is a smoothing capacitor only useful when the trace has impedance

Under conditions where maybe a capacitor is used maybe when perhaps there's a high impedance power supply and the source would cause current surges, maybe a subwoofer to a car battery that can't deal ...
• 669
502 views

### How can these passive RLC circuits change a sinusoid's frequency?

Given a sinusoid input of frequency f, an RLC network, no matter how complex, should produce a sinusoidal output of frequency f, with possible attenuation and phase shift. At least that's my ...
• 1,307
61 views

### What requirements of a feedback network are needed to produce oscillation?

I'm trying to understand how to analyze simple oscillators, and would like to know if my conclusions about the required feedback network are correct: The simplest way to build an oscillator is with: ...
• 1,307
88 views

### How to analyze and simplify a voltage divider with a second voltage source?

How do I simplify the circuit below? simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I know that R2 and R3 form a voltage divider, but I can't figure out the input impedance that In ...
• 1,307
1 vote
136 views

### Impedance for a guitar pedal into an Electrosmith Daisy Seed ADC

I'd like to be sure I can feed my guitar pedal signal into my Daisy Seed ADC to then work on it with digital signal processing algorithms. Here is what I know about my problem: It seems guitar pedals ...
• 27
54 views

### Why would changes in the impedance of a transducer affect the voltage displayed on the oscilloscope?

In my setup, a function generator is connected to an amplifier that drives a transducer. The amplifier output is connected to both the transducer and an oscilloscope via a tee connector. I do not ...
63 views

### RC series analysis with H parameters model

I'm writing this just to be sure I understood well the process of analysing a circuit with the $H$ parameters model. In this case, it is a very simple example of application; the circuit I'm ...
97 views

### How to calculate $R_{out}$ in this multi-stage close loop?

The following circuit is from Chapter 13 of Analog Design Essentials written by Willy Sansen. Calculate $R_{out}$ for this circuit. The author thinks L_G = g_{m1} r_{o1} g_{m2} r_{o2} \frac{R_1} ...
• 923
65 views

### How to calculate the output impedance of a gain-boosted biasing circuit [closed]

I've been working on calculating the output impedance $R_{Out}$ ​of the gain-boosted biasing circuit shown in picture, where all transistors are in the saturation region. While I understand the ...
• 31
1k views

### Which is preferred over differential pairs: trombones or sawtooths?

I have been told that trombones are much better to use than sawtooths, even if sawtooths may be prefered in some certians scenarios. Here I have added trombones to the differential pairs. If I had ...
• 1,364
1 vote
88 views

### Is it possible to simulate reflections by designing an RLC transfer function?

Assume that you're knowing the PCB stack and the geometry of the conductor. You're computing the capacitance per mm and inductance per mm and also the total resistance of the conductor. That means you ...
• 1,364
31 views

### LCR meter U1733C - R range mesurement

I have the LCR meter "U1733C" and I am little confused about the "R" scale. As I understand (the manual doesn't say it clear - maybe it is self-evident and I am missing something) ...
• 373
567 views

### Resistance Vs Reactance Definition

I am trying to understand the practical distinction between resistance and reactance. As I understand from all what I read the resistance is responsible for the current flow and the reactance is ...
• 373
80 views

### Difference between characteristic impedance vs complex impedance

Are there any differences between complex impedance of antenna pcb trace vs characteristic impedance of antenna pcb trace. This question rised up because of online pcb trace impedance calculator doesn'...
• 11
1 vote
47 views

### Impedance of different track widths - Should I compute the average width?

Assume that you having one track that goes from 0.11mm in width to 0.09mm in width. I want to compute the impedance, but I need to select the width. What option should I select? The largest width of ...
• 1,364
808 views

### Why have some wide trace at the begninning, but smaller trace at the end?

Why have some wide trace at the begninning, but smaller trace at the end? This example shows traces that goes into a BGA processor with pitch 0.5mm. From the begninning it's 0.09mm in width. At the ...
• 1,364
18 views

How do you find the voltage drop and external loop impedance of each lighting load in the picture attached?
1 vote
62 views

### How is length adjustment calculated if you have a pull-up resistor?

Let's say that I have a point A and a point B. In between there must be a conductor. It must have a certain length. But I have to hang on to a pull-up resistor as well. But I can do that at point C. ...
• 1,364
15 views

### Load pull testing transceiver LNA input, impedance tuner DIY alternative

Transceiver vendors not always provide best components for input impedance matching in all variety of frequencies range that transceiver itself support, often provide impedance matching network ...
• 65
84 views

### Match 50 ohm impedance to LNA input impedance

I have following PCB version of circuit: on SMA input we have antenna strictly matched to 50 ohm, then we have regular RF switch IC, after RF switch impedance matching network and final stage is ...
• 65
56 views

### PCB interconnect trace characteristic impedance (Z0) at low frequencies

In high frequency signals, we generally set the trace characteristic impedance between 50-120 Ω. Calculation tools, for example, use the impedance calculation tool designed by Altium Simbeor, and it ...
• 756
2k views

### Changing output impedance of a logic gate to 50 ohm

I making a simple circuit to take 10 MHz output from a GPS module and calibrate a frequency counter with this 10 MHz signal. I have already found a circuit designed by radio amateur ZL2PD. Circuit ...
• 337
1 vote