Use for questions related to ladder diagrams or ladder logic, this is a graphic rule-based language. This is a traditional documentation method for Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), and it represents the connection of physical relays to implement the desired functionality.

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### PLC rung definition and evaluation

I was reading a book about PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers). I found this paragraph: "A ladder diagram is read from left to right and from top to bottom... The top rung is read from left to ...
• 243
484 views

### What does the % symbol mean on plc addresses?

I've seen contacts assigned with a % symbol on ladder diagrams and plc structured text. For example a normally open start button would be %I1.02 and a coil would be %Q5.3 I understand the I and Q is ...
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1 vote
2k views

### Total capacitance for a ladder network with two capacitances

Is there a standard formula to determine the total capacitance of: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Where C1 and C are different capacitances and for n number of C1 ...
• 247
1 vote
250 views

### What does this ladder logic schematic showing a coil in parallel(?) with a contact mean?

I am confused on this schematic drawing and understanding what it means when I see the T1 coil in parallel (I'm not even sure) with the PR1 contact? Does that mean they are logic "OR"ed ...
• 11
1 vote
3k views

### Ladder Logic for PLC Program

Having trouble understanding this ladder logic program. I can solve more basic ladder logic programs but I do not know how to account for small voltage adjustments. Here is the problem: You are ...
1 vote
66 views

### two independent zones from central heating unit

I have a central heating unit (a pellet stove) for a two floor house. I'd like to control it independently from two thermostats. The stove at the moment is controlled by a single thermostat input and ...
• 113
1 vote
132 views

### What is the difference between these two ladder logic diagrams?

First ladder logic diagram: Second ladder logic diagram: I am trying to implement a toggle switch. On the rising edge of "Change", it should toggle "ToggleThis". I thought the ...
• 435
1 vote
566 views

### Storage bit in OSF and best way to detect falling edge

I was looking for a way to detect falling edges and I encounter two ways: |--XIO---ONS------------OTE--| and |--XIC------------------OSF--| |--OSF.OB---------------OTE--| My colleagues told me ...
1 vote
1k views

### How to create a Retentive/Accumulative Timer from On-Delay/Off-Delay Timers

According to this post , all timers can be created from just the On-Delay Timer (TON). At the end of the post, after showing how to create an Off-Delay Timer, an On+Off-Delay Timer, and a Flasher ...
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1 vote
546 views

### How to convert this ladder logic to Sequential Function Chart

I am doing an assignment where I need to create an office management system that takes care of security, lighting, and heating on its own. It is required for us to make it in the sequential function ...
1 vote
104 views

### Delay in turning on two different start buttons in Star/Delta starter on PLC

Currently I'm working on a university project based on Star/Delta Starter on PLC. I wrote program using LD, that switches on the circuit with a motor rotating forward (of course with star/delta ...
257 views

I have worked with PLCs in the past. Now, I'm working with devices called 'vital-logic controllers'. The vital logic controllers are similar to PLCs, but I'm wondering about a subtlety of how the ...
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57 views

### can arduino UNO be programmed to measure the analog voltages of 6 resistor ladder network without using switches [closed]

6ea 1k resistors connected in series to +3.3v and Gnd. Q how can arduino UNO A to D be programmed to measure the analog voltages of 6 resistor ladder network without using switches ?
1k views

### Updating outputs in PLCs

For all PLC manufacturers, is Mass I/O copying the choice for updating outputs? I found that there is another possible method: the continuous I/O updating. Can anyone tell me what is the reason for ...
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141 views

### What does this symbol mean in this ladder logic rung?

Trying to figure out what this symbol means, for context here's the rung on the ladder logic diagram that it was taken from.
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### Help with functional block program from ladder logic

I'm learning some basic functional block diagram programming and I'm trying to convert this ladder logic into block diagram but I don't know how because my book doesn't cover this. Can someone please ...
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10k views

### TIA portal - failed to establish a connection

I'm using TIA portal siemens v15.1 for my project when i tried to upload the code to the plc this error pops up. Appreciate anyone can help me in this issue
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648 views

### TLP LogixPro PLC Simulator

This is my second day of learning PLC online. I am doing a simple ladder diagram, and I came up with the following diagram: The process I have in mind is as follows: As the switch is closed, the ...
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71 views

### what is the logic behind these ladder lines

I have a ladder diagram for timing porpose.(keyence KV-24DR) some instructions are repeated many times but I dont understand what are these for. can anybody help me? the confusing thing is that the ...
116 views

### Proving the output voltage of a resistor ladder only with usage of currents

I got the following problem. I would like to prove the the output voltage $U_{aus}$ of the following system. I only want to prove it by using currents. So I don't want to use the formula for a ...
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529 views

### Switching outputs using ladder logic

I am new to programming in ladder logic and am trying to write a simple program wherein outputs Y65 and Y66 follow the sequence: Y65 turns on for 30 seconds. Y65 turns off. Y66 turns on for 30 ...
6k views

### Ladder diagram, variation of Latch and Lock

I have a problem for expanding this particular ladder diagram. The cylinder is a double acting pneumatic cylinder type. START -> Start button A+ and B+ -> Cylinder moving forward A- and B- -> ...
111 views

### How to setup two different inputs to one output

Good morning. I am hoping to get some insight on a setup I am working on. Current setup: 24V system. An area sensor when flagged by hand does two things. First, it sends a signal to the network that ...
168 views

### I keep getting this error but don't know why "Invalid input. - input required but omitted"

Please help me by checking if my program is correct or giving the correct ladder program. I keep getting "Invalid input. - input required but omitted" this error for all the variables in ...
63 views

### Controlling multiple switches using voltage

I want to use my laptop with the lid closed and be able to press its function buttons (including power on/off), i.e. shorting their pins, using a wired "remote control" with the same amount ...
101 views

### STEP7 MICROWIN PLC Ladder Diagram

I draw like the first figure in the program, but when I save the program it automatically becomes the second shape. Do the two mean the same thing?
95 views

### Notation for switches in ladder notation

I was reading https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/textbook/digital/chpt-10/monostable-multivibrators/, and at the bottom of the page it has I read their page on switch notation, but it did not say what ...
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