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Questions tagged [load]

An electrical load is an electrical component or portion of a circuit that consumes electric power. This is opposed to a power source, such as a battery or generator, which produces power.

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Synchronous generator load angle curve

How the curve of load angle vs steam flow rate will look like for a synchronous generator used in a generating plant ? Mine is a 540MW nuclear power plant. I was asked this in an interview.
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48 views

Choosing an inductor value for use as the load in a half bridge inverter circuit

I am making a half-bridge inverter circuit, firstly I have made it in LTSpice to simulate it and plan to build it in the lab. I will initially use a Vrail of 40V but plan to increase it above this, ...
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1answer
29 views

What happens if the load (connected to the output of the circuit) disconnects suddenly from Arduino/ESP32?

My circuit (that contains esp32 with few current and voltage sensor) is connected to 9Ah Battery (with BMS), where the load gets connected to see the discharge rate of the battery. There are times ...
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3answers
81 views

Driving a high-impedance load from a BJT base

Are there any caveats with tapping off the base of a BJT to drive a high-impedance load, such as a logic gate or op-amp? In the schematic below, I have an open-collector output from ...
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41 views

Is a load bank always 3-phase or is a 4-phase possible?

I am designing a low voltage installation and the customer asked for a cell for a load bank. Now he drew this in 4-phase, but I did not encounter this before. Is this possible? I thought they were ...
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3answers
35 views

Calculating motor load

I intend on building a small robot with a DC motor that operates with voltage of 3V-6V. The website provides the no-load rpm, no-load current, stall current and torque all when it is at 3V. My first ...
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2answers
56 views

How does load resistance affect the function of this crystal oscillator?

Related Load Resistor across Crystal - though that's for a passive crystal and not an integrated XO. Summary I'm considering using an Epson TG-5035C XO and am figuring out the circuit necessary to ...
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1answer
34 views

How to measure load detection for ballast output 18W

I have a high performance ballast of only 18W and 36W. I would like to do a detection circuit whenever the UV light tube does not have any light out, an alarm/signal can be triggered to replace the ...
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38 views

How to calculate R for an AC load on a 3-ph system

I'm trying to calculate the resistors in an AC dummy load for a 3-ph system. A simplified schematic can be found below. The idea is to switch (with regular AC 1-ph contactors) some resistors on each ...
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1answer
59 views

LTSpice: active load current generator soft saturation

I would like to use a current generator to pull down the voltage to zero (there is a voltage generator with a series resistor). The current generator models the output of a specific circuit, so it is ...
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2answers
118 views

Capacitor sizing for known current load

Apologies in advance for the long question, but I've hit a dead end trying to work through an interesting capacitor sizing problem. I'm hoping someone here can help. Problem Description I have a ...
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1answer
46 views

How does a circuit regulate current in response to a lower voltage?

Brief background, I studied physics in college and am learning EE on-the-job through Art of Electronics and this wonderful website. So this is a follow up to a previous question I submitted here ...
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1answer
23 views

Peak Period Forecasting in electric grid

I am currently working on the day ahead load forecasting using a regression model over a microgrid level. I wanted to know is there a way I can detect peak period i.e period where demand is high from ...
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1answer
23 views

Maximum Vin on load switch ICs

I'm trying to determine whether the absolute maximum rating for Vin on load switch ICs applies for when the switch is both open and closed. When the switch is closed, it makes absolute sense to me ...
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3answers
46 views

Is there an industry standard definition for “load”?

I come across load meaning either power or energy from time to time in the context of residential loads or load forecasting. As such I was wondering if there is a convention as to whether "load" more ...
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23 views

Split Power Plane when using Load Switches?

To do power saving for a battery operated product, I am using couple of load switches to shut down peripheral power when not using that. PCB stackup - Signal(component), Gnd, Power, Signal -- 4 ...
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2answers
458 views

Using TP4056 module to charge battery while load remains connected

I need a circuit that utilizes the tp4056 breakout board to power a NodeMCU ESP like so: tp4056 USB port connected: 18650 battery charging and NodeMCU running of USB tp4056 USB port not connected: ...
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1answer
89 views

Which load resistance is connected to generator U2?

I have this op amp and one of the questions says Which load resistance is connected to generator U2? This is my attempt but I can not confirm if it right. No it's not homework, it examples I'm ...
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1answer
134 views

Calculating the ripple voltage from a standard wall adapter power supply

I've come across a formula for calculating the ripple voltage from a wall adapter AC to DC power supply, which uses a step down transformer, fed to a rectifier, with the rectifier output connected to ...
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35 views

Source voltage of circuit with diodes when output voltage is given

Tried solving this using KVL, and solving to get the currents for the different parts of the circuit, however got stuck when trying to compute the source voltage especially that I'm unsure if the ...
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0answers
57 views

Difference between horn and power resister?

I have a circuit where my microcontroller is turning off and on a heavy load using a power mosfet (I've also tried it with a mosfet and a relay which yielded the same results). When I use a power ...
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1answer
53 views

How can I determine the voltage the resistive load in this relay?

I am hoping someone can help me understand something. I'm an engineering student trying to analyze this circuit, but am finding myself not understanding and going in circles somewhat. I've searched as ...
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1answer
48 views

How do i find Current Consumed by Circuit designed on Surface mount PCB without damaging PCB? [closed]

I have a circuit designed on PCB, and components (resistors, capacitors, diodes, Microcontrollers etc.) are all surface mount. I want to find the total current consumed by this circuit. I have traced ...
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4answers
73 views

How to find max load limit in datasheet?

I have а datasheet but I don't understand: how to find max load limit in datasheet? Can I use this SSR to switch the load (12V DC), and what current can I count on? Thanks.
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1answer
37 views

Stochastic Processes wtih respect to the electric load demand [closed]

I am required to look at the statistics (stationarity, mean, standard deviation etc) of the electric load profile. I decided to use the load data for the IEEE reliability test system as it has all ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there any criteria to call a load inductive for switching applications?

I was hesitating to ask this but in many applications such as the ones with electrical machines or relays we always read such precautions or considerations: “If the load is inductive do that don’t do ...
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1answer
61 views

stall dc motor 12 volt for long time

hi every one i make water cooling system for dc motor 12 volt how can i make the dc motor hot to test the system ? whan i stall the dc motor the wires get very hot before that effect the motor and i ...
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1answer
65 views

Constant current circuit load and without load for voltage measurement?

How can I control the constant current block? What I need? I need to calculate voltage with constant current load (I = 100ma and after some time I need to calculate voltage without load (I = 0), for ...
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1answer
46 views

Load current computation of complicated resistance network

I'm reading Electronic Principles 6th edition by Malvino. Problem 1.28 describes a network of resistors that I would like to know how to solve mathematically instead of experimentally (as described in ...
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1answer
44 views

DCDC converter load step and phase margin

When applying load step to a DCDC converter we can approximate the phase margin from the presence/absence of oscillation and the crossover frequency as well from the response time. The question is: ...
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1answer
48 views

Constant DC Load Stability and Bandwidth slewrate

For this circuit, how do I know if the rise edge was limited by slew rate or bandwidth? What's the effect of R2 and C2 on bandwidth? -3db of this circuit in simulation is 649 kHz, I know in ...
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2answers
130 views

What should I buy to test whether my DC power supplies are able to provide their rated power? [closed]

I recently bought an aftermarket AC-DC power supply for a laptop which was woefully defective. When connected to a Chromebox, a boot message appeared indicating that the supply could not provide ...
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1answer
120 views

Is Current Transformer secondary current independent of load impedance? and How to find voltage of CT Secondary side?

i am trying to figure out a CT (Current Transformer) which is installed in my device of analysis. This CT has Two wires passing through its center hole (one is phase/red wire of single Phase AC supply ...
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1answer
53 views

Ohm's Law in Practise

When the AUX pin of a stereo is connected to my mobile phone's audio female port, I just measured the voltage at the end of this AUX pin(No load is connected) approximately 2mV using a DMM . But when ...
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1answer
62 views

Voltage across and current through the LED load

Assume that an LED of rating 3V and 20mA is connected in series with a resistance and a supply voltage of 9V is applied across it. For the required ratings of LED, I chosen a resistance value of 300 ...
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1answer
116 views

Load causes voltage collapse. Why?

I have a circuit where a typical 3.7V LiPo battery supplies power through a bq24074 Charger IC, which should in theory short that voltage straight to the output of the charge-protect circuit, which ...
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2answers
240 views

Help understanding/selecting SMPS to drive capacitive load

I recently bought several SMPS buck converter supplies for a project. They all had about the same specs, typically 90-270VAC input, 12VDC output. Having an expected worst case continuous load of about ...
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2answers
156 views

How do current probes load a circuit?

It's usual to talk about loading a circuit when measuring voltage, with a voltmeter or with a voltage probe and an oscilloscope. It can be seen as putting an impedance in parallel to the element whose ...
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1answer
62 views

connecting light

I quickly drew up the lights I wanted to install and connect to two relay and be controlled with one switch. I want the lights on both relays to turn on with the switch. Would the way i drew it work ...
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1answer
309 views

How to design a 3-phase resistive load bank?

We are trying to design a 3-phase resitive load bank to test some step up transformers. We are receiving 3-phase 208v and stepping up to 3-phase 600V with 3-step up transformers wired in delta. Its a ...
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2answers
378 views

Low Pass RC Filter for Load Cell

I have a load-cell setup with some noise that I would like to filter out. I have a vague understanding of low-pass RC filters. I have a strain gauge with 350 ohms of resistance (no load). How can I ...
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2answers
39 views

Making a resistive load using Resistor

I am trying to make a load using resistor that can bear 12V 4A rated values. I have calculated a resistance but that has a low resistance and high power rated resistor i.e. 3 ohms 48 Watt resistor. It ...
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2answers
62 views

What is a Kva in simple terms, for somebody who doesn't know electrical engineering?

I have a DC circuit that runs on 8.1 A × 12 V (97.2 W). Power is supplied from a AC-DC transformer that plugs into a socket. How many of these can I run in a place that provides a maximum of three-...
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2answers
100 views

Is this ADC capable of better performance?

I am using ADS1231 to get values from a load cell,i am using the ADC in following configuration. i am powering the micocontroller and loadcell by 5Volt supply as shown in above image. i am getting the ...
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1answer
34 views

Calculating for Load Resistance given a T network in between the source and the load

Problem: Calculate the value of load resistance (Rl) for which maximum transfer occurs. Attempt: What I know is that for the maximum transfer to occur, the load resistance must be equal to the source ...
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1answer
49 views

Switch off branch of a circuit when voltage is present in another branch [power path management]

I want to convert a circuit that runs on 6V DC (from an intermitent power source) to a battery-operated one, by adding a Sealed Lead-Acid (SLA) battery. This would fulfill the following scenarios: ...
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0answers
82 views

Better polarization for push-pull

I have a circuit that used to drive a lighter load. I need to increase the current it manages to drive (and mainly the turn off time). In the following schematic I show what I want to do: the old ...
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3answers
692 views

Npn transistor failed to work

Sometimes after long time working correctly and turning on and off inductive load, Darlington NPN transistor (ONSEMI BD679) which should follow signal (IN4), fails to work and turns on inductive load ...
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3answers
127 views

Implementing a constant current source circut that can be switched off by a voltage signal

Does anyone know how to implement a constant current source circuit that is able to output 10mA constantly, ideally the load of the circuit would be a 100uF capacitor in series with 100 Ohms. Is ...
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1answer
56 views

High voltage loads best practice [closed]

I am on a learning curve to gain updated knowledge of 1.5 kV MOSFETs and IGBTs and their drivers, flyback transformers and the many ways of generating and switching high voltages. My question is what ...