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How can a designer be sure to authorize only legit ICs? How is performed? How are cloned ICs prevented to be activated?

The above diagram is from the IC Activation (locking/unlocking) slide of Fighting against theft, cloning and counterfeiting of integrated circuits by Lilian Bossuet Associate Professor, CNRS Chaire of ...
allexj's user avatar
  • 55
4 votes
0 answers
45 views

Populating MOLEX receptacles at industrial scale

I am a manufacturing engineer charged with implementing process improvements that reduce the total time to build an article. Our volume is such that a one minute reduction in labour results in £1K-£2K ...
placebo_me_please's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
66 views

Seven segment display special characters/symbols [closed]

How can one add these symbols in seven segment displays? I would like to add some symbols of pwr,ch1,ch2,ch3 to my product. Does anyone know what this is called and who can do manufacturing of this?
funtastic rdj's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

Who is the main manufacturer of jelly bean parts?

Why do some parts like opamps and mosfets of different companies have same part number but they just change the initial letters. Does it mean that these are actually manufactured by just one company ...
funtastic rdj's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
530 views

Grounding ESD Table

I work in a manufacturing plant and we are setting up new ESD benches. Essentially, the table is grounded to the ceiling of the building and then multiple work benches are connected to that bench with ...
MDD's user avatar
  • 61
2 votes
2 answers
122 views

ESD Workstations in Manufacturing Facility

I am a manufacturing engineer for a company that just inherited a large electrical build. I am struggling to find ESD information for multiple workbenches. This is my last resort so I am hoping you ...
MDD's user avatar
  • 61
-1 votes
1 answer
79 views

Creating a circular laser beam projection [closed]

I’m looking to create a small device (<5 in.) that will project a circular beam around it, a certain distance away from the object. The goal is to have a laser/projector module/something at the top ...
drew wood's user avatar
  • 239
2 votes
2 answers
121 views

Plating via without chemicals

In my lab we can mill and drill double sided PCBs. Holes are not plated. To create a via we usually use little copper rivets. Electroplating is out of the question because we don’t do any chemicals ...
Leo's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
5 answers
970 views

Tolerance of board-to-board headers

I am designing two boards. The bottom one is the power board that contains power switches on IMS (metal-clad board), while the top board is the logic board (4-layer FR4). Board to board height is ...
Eng Sam's user avatar
  • 489
9 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why do manufacturers label differently seemingly identical components?

I am not sure if this is the relevant place to ask this (I think it is.) I am still relatively new to the electronic design world, but I notice that a series of parts (example - Torex XCLxxx) can ...
Yordan Aleksandrov's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

High frequency RF coupler manufacturing tips

I am trying to manufacture a component at 35GHz. Its Rogers 6202 5mil width. 0.274 is 50ohms. In the simulation its all good and ideal, but in real life there could be problems. If you could, please ...
Josh23's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
203 views

SMD resistor rotation on tape and reel

Background While resistors are obviously non-polarised, from a manufacturing point of view they might not be rotationally symmetric: specifically the labelling of 0805 SMD resistors. My board was ...
jonathanjo's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Automatic serial number on a PCB

Imagine you're printing 10 PCBs and you want each PCB to have its own serial number, but you want to add the serial numbers automatically from Kicad. Is this possible or not? Does it depend on the ...
Nedou's user avatar
  • 316
4 votes
0 answers
59 views

Attempting to patch the "G75 Bug" on a Gerber Level

Context I am currently looking for alternative PCB manufacturers for my company and have sent Gerber files to some (Chinese) companies. These Gerber files have already been used in the past by various ...
Sim Son's user avatar
  • 2,803
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

PCB design for Renesas' DA7212 audio codec

I'm designing my very first PCB. I managed to route all my components and I'm stuck at the last footprint - DA7212 from Renesas: Those balls are both incredibly tiny and packed dense. I'd need a ...
Paul Jon's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
196 views

Deliver high current through vias

There is a demand for a delivery of 3 A through several layers using vias. Presented below in the picture is my PCB manufacturer's abilities regarding vias. A single via can withstand 1.4 A. Are there ...
rocko445's user avatar
  • 375
1 vote
1 answer
127 views

Tight GND plane Pros and Cons

Imagine a typical 2Oz/1Oz, 4 layer PCB with a stack-up, Sig/Pwr, GND, GND, Sig/Pwr. Your typical trace width/space would be 0.2mm/0.2mm, and a prepreg Dk of ~4, ignore the Core. Fastest signal on the ...
Lpaulson's user avatar
  • 305
2 votes
0 answers
102 views

How old is too old for BGA chips soldering

I need to buy a batch of UFGBA100 STM32 MCUs from a Chinese broker. I'm concerned that in the quote they specified that the chips will have a date code 19+ (4 years old). How can this affect ...
mactro's user avatar
  • 497
2 votes
2 answers
151 views

Lifting Pins on SMT RJ45 Connector

I'm running into an issue with a specific RJ45 SMT connector where the I'm getting at least 1 pin lifting on >50% of the boards that run through our reflow oven. The rest of the components on the ...
timroberts's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Electronics Manufacturing Engineers: What needs to meet IPC-6012 the finished copper or the starting copper foil?

I have a PCB that has a finished copper thickness of 1 oz on all layers and must meet IPC-6012 requirements for Class 2. Does this mean that the manufacturer can start with 0.5 oz copper foil then ...
AgentXq's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

Long term availability of WS2812B or any Neo-pixel

I am considering the use of Neo-pixel or WS2812B components in a project that we are planning to run for the next ten years with mass-scale production. I am curious about the feasibility of sourcing ...
Sohaib Qamar's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Generating cold plasma using a Piezo Transformer

I am trying to generate cold plasma using a multi layer piezo transformer. My understanding was that it was as simple as applying a 15 Vpp to the transformer, but it did not work. I was trying to ...
HTZ's user avatar
  • 13
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

What kind of displays and processors are used in consumer electronic products (like a coffee machine)? [closed]

I am presently working on the development of a smart kitchen appliance, which will eventually be sold in the market. As part of this project, I need to incorporate a touch display for the operation of ...
santosh kumar's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
153 views

What are the primary industrial uses of gallium and germanium in electronics?

After the "neon shortage" struck I asked What are the ways in which semiconductor-grade neon is critical for manufacturing? and the answer(s) turned out to be quite informative. Al Jazeera's ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 3,439
0 votes
2 answers
82 views

Trimmer Pot - Default Setting from Factory

I have been using a trimmer pot (Bourns 3224W-1-104 100k 3224W 4mm 11-turn SMD Trimmer Pot) in a design. The pot does not get adjusted in production and ships with the pot set as shipped from the ...
RoyalAce's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Question on "Parts should be used within 5 days after opening." statement on component shipping package

I've been given the task of verifying a batch of ICs from a chinese broker, to see that the chips the company has bought are what the broker claims they are. The package we've received looks like this,...
Lars Petersson's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Identifying Semiconductor Fabrication Defects

During my semiconductor fabrication lab, I encountered defects in my devices. Can you help me identify the technical name for these defects? The first defect is caused by particle contamination and ...
kcoding's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

Best LCD for mass production

I'm designing a PCB that will be manufactured in small batches (a few hundreds). It will have a segment LCD with electronic components under it. I cannot choose between two form factors - with SMD ...
Archimedes's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
76 views

Functional discrepancy within PCBA batch

When manufacturing a small prototype batch of an embedded system at EMS I have detected different behavior between the units. All units work as expected, except that some units fail to operate same ...
NoobPointerException's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

What is different in the manufacturing of differently rated MOSFETs?

The IRF540N is one of the MOSFETs I'm using, and the IRF510N. Both look exactly the same from the outside because they use the same packaging, but they are rated for different power levels. For ...
Rayyan Khan's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
469 views

Using a Schmitt trigger IC vs making one from op-amps or transistors

In a professional setting, what is the benefit of using a Schmitt trigger IC as opposed to making one from op-amps or transistors? In a high volume application, wouldn't an op-amp implementation be ...
Jason's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
0 answers
71 views

Reed Switch Selection - Quality Control

I have a piece of hardware which uses reed switches and neodymium magnets. When I attempt to produce this hardware in batches I find that some reed switches that I have are more sensitive than others ...
Jaspal Singh Rathour's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
354 views

How to design this kind of blade antenna? How does it even work?

I've recently stumbled upon this kind of blade antenna: And I'm wondering how does it work? The entire thing seems to be made of CNC milled / cast metal, making the radiating element and the ground ...
sp9dev's user avatar
  • 61
0 votes
2 answers
126 views

How good are current PCB debugging tools? [closed]

I'm a newbie in the field of manufacturing, and I'm hoping to get a broad understanding of the field. After you get PCBs manufactured, I understand that you need to check for mechanical damage, ...
Achintya Agarwal's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
625 views

Altium component rotation on the PCB does not match the pick-and-place data

I am generating files for manufacturing my design in Altium 22 and ordering through Eurocircuits. What I noticed during the ordering process is that the rotation of many components (and sometimes the ...
Mu3's user avatar
  • 572
0 votes
0 answers
60 views

What is Electromagnetic Cross Section?

What is Electromagnetic Cross Section? (shock section) Hello, I have a question regarding the manufacturing process of electronic components in the case of the silicon deposition and corrosion process....
LUFER's user avatar
  • 371
0 votes
1 answer
177 views

How were the phosphors applied to the inside glass tube of older colour CRTs?

I've been reading into how CRTs were assembled and how they work, but I can't seem to find any concise information behind how the coloured phosphors inside the inner glass tube were applied. There is ...
Reggie The Veggie's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

ADC stops functioning when cold

EDIT: VERY INTERESTING TEST RESULTS I just tried inducing the thermal failure using an inverted "can of air" (likely difluoroethane). It even when its super cold, (might even be below -40C), ...
Tim Vrakas's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Component Tolerance Probability

This is more of a manufacturing question than anything else. What is the probability distribution of component tolerances? For example, let's say I ordered a 100 ohm, 5% resistor, and I order 100 ...
JohnnyMac's user avatar
  • 170
12 votes
1 answer
711 views

What are the ways in which semiconductor-grade neon is critical for manufacturing?

This is a question about material use specifically in semiconductor manufacturing. CNN's Ukraine halts half of world's neon output for chips, clouding outlook begins: Ukraine's two leading suppliers ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 3,439
1 vote
1 answer
300 views

Soldermask bridge gap too small - PCBWAY

I've got a PCB design which contains a chip that uses the QFN (7x7) package. Because of the package size the pins are very close together and the pads are 0.2mm apart, which is smaller than the ...
bash-'s user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

Are there any resources on Column Last Attach Process? [closed]

I am trying to find resources about this process, but the only thing I have been able to find is the full form of the acronym CLAP any help is appreciated. This process is used vehemently in the ...
Shridhar Sharma's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is that vias are generally made of tungsten while contact is made using aluminum?

From this thread: ...
hana's user avatar
  • 240
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

IPC standards to ask manufacturer to assure a PCBA is correctly manufactured?

I'm preparing all the documentation to send to my PCBA manufacturing supplier and I wonder if there's a list of IPC standards to include in this documentation and verify they are compliant to them and ...
LazyTurtle's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

If a PCB is inspected to an IPC-A-600 class higher than specified what are the negative impacts?

I have received several parts from a PCB manufacturer which should have been inspected to IPC-A-600 Class 2 but were instead inspected to IPC-A-600 Class 3. I believe I have received PCBs inspected to ...
313Ctron's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
130 views

A possible shot in the dark - Seaward HAL-104 Tester experience?

This post might be a shot in the dark, but has anyone here had any experience with the Seaward HAL-104 tester and its remote command protocol functionality? Or perhaps know someone who has? There is ...
Jass's user avatar
  • 33
0 votes
1 answer
429 views

Blade Fuse Properties?

I am sure you have seen automotive 'Blade' fuses. They are special fuses constructed to protect equipment that is DC powered. I have asked around and determined that a 125v DC rated fuse is more than ...
Hackstaar's user avatar
  • 904
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of "Conductive Plastic" Potentiometers

Maybe it's just the name putting me off, but I'm looking at potentiometers for a new design and I'm noticing that a lot of the cheap ones use "conductive plastic" as the resistive element. ...
Drew's user avatar
  • 7,119
1 vote
1 answer
459 views

How were "old" chips manufactured, such as the 6502?

Recently, there have been several youtube vids (example) talking about how modern CPUs are manufactured. Basically, it's a complex nightmare of dropping molten tin and lighting it with light, which ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 1,077
31 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why are most COB LEDs physically yellow?

Many "LEDs" found on devices nowadays appear to be yellow where the light comes from (when the device is off). Why yellow? I put LEDs in quotes because COB leds can consist of many ...
Bort's user avatar
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