Questions tagged [non-linear]

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74 views

What is the physical meaning of reactive power in non-sinusoidal steady-state (with harmonics)?

In sinusoidal steady-state (linear loads, no harmonics), I understand what is reactive power \$Q = V_{\text{rms}} I_{\text{rms}} \sin{(\theta)}\$ where \$\theta = \theta_v - \theta_i\$: its absolute ...
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1answer
39 views

Difference between THD equation and design circuit current

Why does the summation of design circuit current equation (Ib) start with 1 while for calculating THD the summation starts with 2?
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1answer
43 views

Colpitts oscillator bypass capacitors importance

A Colpitts oscillator makes use of the common emitter configuration, and the indicated amplifier configuration is known to be a linear circuit. How come do we call the stated oscillator a nonlinear ...
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1answer
46 views

If interharmonics are defined for periodic signals, aren't interharmonics misleading?

Before explaining my question, I'm going to assume that 1) interharmonics, just like harmonics, are sinusoids; and 2) to analytically represent the interharmonics of a signal, we sum them to the ...
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18 views

Linearization of nonlinear plant with system identification in Matlab

I hope this question fits in here and there is someone who can maybe help me. I am new to control theory and I have a very complex Simulink model which is nonlinear. I want to have a linear ...
4
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1answer
113 views

When a signal has an interharmonic, is the signal periodic or non-periodic?

I have some questions regarding interharmonics. What I'm going to do is first ask just a few, and then as people answer them I would expand this post or create a new question. Harmonics are sinusoids ...
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2answers
55 views

Temperature sensing with ADS1115

I am using an ADS1115 as an analog to digital converter to measure temperature. I am using an RTD100 temperature sensor to measure a temperature range of -40 to 150 degree celsius but the resistance ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Does a wide-band, high-current, inline ammeter circuit already exist?

I have an application where I would like to measure currents up to 1000 A, inline, but am also interested in using the same circuit for a low current part of the cycle. The thought is that if I can ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Variable-Gap Capacitors in LTSpice

I have seen several blog posts that discuss the concept of a nonlinear capacitor (or inductor) here, here, and here. Thanks to a concerned citizen for the references. I'm still struggling with the ...
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1answer
107 views

Oscillator circuit using comparator and opamps

All opamps are ideal and Rx = 2R in the figure. The comparator is a nonlinear block which operates as follows: if its input Va < 0, its output is +1V. If Va > 0, its output is -1V. To simplify ...
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2answers
59 views

distance between linear and non-linear function of op-amp system

I have a circuit which I have taken a picture of as you can see, in which i have values of $$R1=1k\Omega,R2=10k\Omega,R3=10k\Omega.R4=10k\Omega,R5=20k\Omega$$ and sine input signal with off-set value=...
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2answers
60 views

Why is the Hybrid-PI model like that?

The BJT and MOSFET can be modeled using the Hybrid-pi model. I only know that the transistor can be modeled with linear elements like that, but I don't know why. There are a lot of things that confuse ...
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70 views

DAC “aliasing” of harmonics

While reading articles and application notes regarding DACs and their output spectrum, I stumbled across aliasing of higher harmonics to the first Nyquist band. For example, when generating a single ...
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1answer
50 views

Linearization of nonlinear system

I have a nonlinear system described by: $$\begin{align} V\,\dot x_1 &= Q_1 C_1 - (Q_1+u)x_1 \\ V\,\dot x_2 &= C_2\,u -(Q_1+u)x_2 \\ y &= -\frac{\log{\left[(x_1-x_2)+|x_1-x_2|+4K\right]}...
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3answers
79 views

what is the load line and operating point used for in practical?

I have a hard time understanding what an operating point and load line represent and why do we need them at all. After reading some wikibedia, What I got is this load line represent response of the ...
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3answers
85 views

Linear or nonlinear

Please is this graph for voltage against distance linear or nonlinear
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1answer
52 views

Linearization of IR sensor GP2Y0A21YK

How do I linearize the graph analog output voltage against distance for IR sensor [GP2Y0A21YK][1]? This is the non- linear graph, I’m not sure how to make it linear? [1]: https://media.digikey.com/...
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3answers
325 views

Stuck on a simple piecewise linear element problem

See the schematic of interest on a picture. \$V_S = 5 \,\rm{V}\$, \$R_S = 4700 \,\Omega\$, \$R_P = 5800 \,\Omega\$. The cucumber-shaped element is a nonlinear element. The only thing we know about it ...
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1answer
57 views

How can the maximum average power transfer be negative in a power delivery circuit?

It is possible that the Thevenin resistance \$R_{Th}\$ of a circuit is negative. This occurs in non-linear circuits. Likewise, in AC circuits, the real part of \$Z_{Th}\$ can be negative. For AC ...
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1answer
53 views

Non linear DC voltage conditioning

I do not want to use any adc or dac. I want to see if this is possible by pure analog circuit. Any google links or book names are welcome. From 0 to 1000mV output should be 0 to 100mV. Then from ...
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32 views

How should I model differential non linearity (DNL) of a DAC?

I have very little experience with electronic instrumentation, and I'm learning about INL/DNL. I'm looking at the specifications for a DAC, and the sheet claims a guaranteed DNL of -1 to 1 LSB. ...
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1answer
173 views

Linearizing hall effect sensors outputs

I'm trying to find a robust solution to linearize four hall effect sensors outout to obtain a signal that I can use in a PID control scheme. The output data is collect via 4 ADC channels on an ...
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3answers
289 views

How can I realize this nonlinear resistor?

I want to know if it's possible to realize a circuit described by the equation $$I = \sin(w V)$$ where \$I\$ is the current, \$V\$ the potential and \$w\$ a variable which characterizes the single ...
2
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2answers
354 views

Non-linear Inductor LTSpice

I am trying to implement a non-linear inductor in LTSpice and to get it to saturate. I am using the following directive between N1 and N2 as advised in the help files: L1 N1 N2 Hc=12 Br=0.2 Bs=0.4 A=...
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278 views

How to make a non-linear potmeter more linear

I have an "Expression pedal" that worked fine on my old keyboard (Gem WX2+) but works almost like a digital switch on my new keyboard (Roland VR-09). The recommended expression pedal is a Roland EV-5 ...
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1answer
42 views

Normalizing a nonlinear plant in system identification in control

I have calculated the "active power" and the "the reactive" power of a system in dq axis in nonlinear form and I am doing system identification on this "nonlinear" plant as a MIMO system. The problem ...
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3answers
122 views

Performing small signal ac analysis with non-linear components

I have written a circuit simulator that uses Kirchoff's voltage and current laws to solve linear circuits containing capacitors, resistors, inductors and op-amps (where the op-amps are assumed to be ...
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3answers
145 views

Bandwidth and stability of nonlinear circuit

I'm designing an antilog amplifier which produces an exponential output (0.4 mV to 4 V) for a 50 Hz sawtooth input waveform (4 mV to 4 V ramp). If this were a linear circuit, I could determine the ...
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1answer
217 views

Transfer function_Approximation of second order system for a linear actuator

I am trying to approximate a transfer function of a system. The system is a linear actuator, connected to a feedback potentiometer. The actuator has a mass on it. The following figure is a step ...
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1answer
159 views

How to plot response of a non-linear state space model in Simulink?

I am trying to plot a non-linear model in order to compare it with it's linearized counterpart. I am following this paper Nonlinear Model & Controller Design for Magnetic Levitation System and ...
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0answers
67 views

2 tone test with RF mixer

I am designing a system that uses RF to probe the nonlinearity of a target. It works as follows. Transmitter sends out 2 RF frequencies, such as 900 and 910MHz. The target/reflector has a ...
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1answer
259 views

DC motor driver response [closed]

I have some trouble about the response of the L298N DC motor driver. After some experiments, I have noticed that the output response of the L298N isn't linear. In particular, if i give a ramp input ...
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0answers
40 views

Analyzing a non linear circuit with two sources [duplicate]

I want to analyze this circuit. V1 is a) +15V b) +10V c) -5V I need V2, V3, I1, I2, I3 Uz=6,8V UF=0,7V And I hate to say this, but I'm absolutely lacking any approach. I don't know how to manage V1....
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1answer
108 views

Problems with analyzing a simple, non linear circuit

I have some problems with analyzing this pretty simple circuit (or more precisely with understanding the solution): The task is to find the characteristic curve for $$|U_E| \le 5V$$ My first ...
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58 views

Is the V_t in this document regular Thermal voltage?

I have been looking at this short document. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c490/4c04a7be1d675e360409178da71a1253f6d8.pdf It uses V_t and defines it as thermal voltage of a transistor. It does not ...
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1answer
209 views

Solution for a set of non-linear equations

I am trying to solve the following equations for \$\delta\$ and \$K\$. I have tried Matlab function fsolve, but unsuccessfully. I also tried Wolfram Alpha and, ...
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1answer
565 views

Simulating Chua's circuit in LTspice with a saturating transformer-based nonlinear resistor

Chua's circuit is one of the simplest circuits known to exhibit chaotic behavior. It consists of resistors, capacitors, an inductor, and an active nonlinear resistor. One implementation of this ...
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2answers
866 views

If there exists a cascade of op amps, does the previous op amp's slew rate affect the later op amp's slew rates?

All op amps used are the same Texas Instrument LM348n. The datasheet says the op amp has a nominal slew rate of 0.5 V/µs, but gives no tolerance. I have a square signal with an amplitude of 500 mV ...
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1answer
89 views

Is the gain from IIP3 curves wrong?

Suppose I have an unknown system and I would like to know its linearity. I am confused by the proper measurement of the IIP3. The gain is defined as "total output power" divided by "total input power"...
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2answers
397 views

Why linearise around an equilibrium point?

In the control theory dealt in class I was taught to always linearise a nonlinear system around an equilibrium point, i.e., where $$\dot x = 0$$ However, linearization is a Taylor series expansion, ...
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1answer
938 views

Linear and non linear phase FIR filter

I am a confused about linear and non linear fir filter. I have this depiction of the solution space for linear-phase and nonlinear-phase FIR filters for a given set of specifications. Region 1 ...
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0answers
185 views

Timestep error for Logistic Map in LTSPICE

I am building a logistic map circuit in LTSPICE. So far, I've prepared this: The factor of 25 after the second AD633 is for increasing the scope of the parameter values. However, this circuit always ...
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1answer
90 views

What are the mechanism and effects of non-linearity in an attenuating barrier in the presence of a high-strength EM field?

It's my understanding that in electromagnetics, if an attenuating device is functioning linearly, it means that 1) input and output signal strengths are proportional; and 2) input f = output f. How ...
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1answer
235 views

Linear and non-linear attenuator

[edit 3/2/18] There are problems with the title and wording of this question. I would edit, but to do so would alter the relationship between the question and the answer that I accepted. So, I have re-...
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0answers
82 views

tracking error state space, linear control example

I am trying to understand a detail from an example, from the control textbook Slotine and Li (1991) "Applied Nonlinear Control", Prentice-Hall, Example 6.4, pag. 220. A linear system is given: $$\...
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2answers
243 views

Overshoot Before Transition

First of all, a little bit of context: I'm designing a single-supply Howland current source using the OPA357 (rail-to-rail 200MHz OPAMP) to delivery 100uA of AC current up to 1MHz. In one of my ...
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2answers
120 views

Photodiode + Op-Amp Acting Nonlinearly

I've built a laser power meter based on a photodiode (likely a ThorLabs FDS10X10), a simple op-amp circuit (op-amp is TLV2462, max 12V), and a microcontroller+screen: Internally, I've built the ...
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0answers
64 views

Nonlinear system general representation

I am fairly new with non linear systems. I understand that a general representation of a nonlinear system is: $$ \dot{x} = f(x) + g(x)\cdot u $$ where \$x\$ is the state variable, and \$u\$ the input....
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1answer
120 views

Good book on system identification for non-linear systems? [closed]

Can anyone suggest a good book that describes how to experimentally identify and describe non-linear behavior in real world systems? I have had good success analyzing systems using linear methods such ...
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1answer
36 views

Highly integrated RF front-end chipset RFX8055 issues

In this datasheet of RFX8055 (CMOS 5GHz WLAN 802.11a/n/ac RFeIC WITH PA, LNA, AND SPDT switch), they mention "5GHz Power Amplifier with Low-Pass Harmonic Filter". If this filter is meant for ...