Questions tagged [non-volatile-memory]

Memory which maintains its value through power cycles.

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¿Dónde se almacena la bios en laptop MSI GF63 THIN 9SC? [closed]

I have wanted to know in which component the bios of my laptop is stored, but I cannot identify where it is stored. I have read that in newer laptops the configuration is stored in eeprom memories and ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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How long can a micro SD card hold data without being powered? [closed]

I lost a micro SD card few years ego, and I'm worried that someone may find it and misuse the data stored in it. How long can a micro SD card keeps the data without being powered, ignoring other ...
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1 vote
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Non volatile memory on simple hardware board [duplicate]

I'm designing a low frequency board with some analog signals inputs and a few discrete logic gates which drive warning LEDs. I want to save the status of the LED even if the board is powered off. No ...
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How to debug problems on a FRAM communication?

I have a proprietary device with this FM25VN10 FRAM and, due to shortage, I had to replace a compatible model, which in this case is this one CY15B004Q. However, I am having struggling to have ...
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Alternate of the parallel flash

Hi I am looking for an alternate of the flash S29AL016J70BFI010, its a top boot sector device. unfortunately I have not found any 16Mb flash with top boot sectors. Although I am able to find 32Mb or ...
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Best memory choice for my sensor

I'm a software developer and trodding in murky waters here so please do forgive my lack of knowledge. I've been developing a sensor with the nRF9160DK and some accelerometers. I need to continuously ...
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Power Consumption for DDR3L SDRAM IC's

Designing a board that will utilize some DDR3L memory for the first time and looking to gain some confidence in some steps I've assumed/taken so far. I plan to use two 4Gb SDRAM IC's (MT41K256M16TW-...
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Is there internal flash ROM on a SD card?

I searched but could not find the answer to my question. What I want to know is this: do SD cards have internal flash ROM that enables the SD card to communicate/interface with a SD card reader, ...
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EEPROM memory erase bit vs word

If I have an EEPROM 1K X 16, can I erase bit by bit or just word by word (2 bytes/16 bits) in my matrix of registers ? In digital systems - TOCCI, the EEPROM is modeled by a matrix of registers, each ...
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Why is a Flash memory cell '0' when programmed and '1' when erased?

When a floating-gate transistor has no negative charge in the gate (i.e., it is erased), it conducts when the world-line voltage is applied to its gate terminal, pulling the bit-line to ground. Doesn'...
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Is erasing flash memory supposed to be this slow? (S25FL127S)

I'm trying to interface with a Cypress/Infineon S25FL127S (https://www.cypress.com/file/177961/download - 16MB SPI Flash module) and the Erase commands are very slow. Testing with two different ...
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Is a NAND flash chip better for power saving purposes as a micro SD card?

I know, they are technically the same, but from what I read, NAND flash chips can be controlled better like putting it into standby and waking it up in the matter of a few nanoseconds, which could be ...
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1 answer
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Are operations on a MSP430's FRAM Atomic

In a MSP430 with internal FRAM, I am storing a long variable in FRAM with the following code. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Micron MT25QL512ABB8ESF-0SIT not working after Non Volatile Configuration register setting

I'm using the STM32H7 Evaluation board. There is an on-chip QSPI DUAL NOR CHIP MT25QL512ABB8ESF-0SIT. After setting up the Non-volatile configurations Register value to 0x89D6 and power cycle, FLASH ...
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Microchip 48LM01 memory secure read operation CRC and STM32 hardware CRC

I'm trying to use STM32 hardware CRC calculation mechanism to get CRC value from this data (3 byte address and 128 bytes of data): ...
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Memory row driver does not have enough driving power

I am building the row driver of a piece of RRAM. Different from traditional memory, RRAM's cells are composed of resistor-like elements. I tried using a single inverter and a back-to-back inverter ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Can EEPROMs have feedback networks to make state machines?

I have imagined a simple system that detects in which direction a stepper is going based on the voltages across the windings, and which emulates from that two end switches relying only on one single ...
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Search terms for serial number IC or memory dump without initialization?

I have an existing product which I'm tasked to add an electronically read serial number to. There are specialized ICs for the purpose but they all require some initialization or handshaking before the ...
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Industry Standard for Memory Address Decoder Design

I am currently designing the address decoder of a piece of ReRAM that will be sent to TSMC and manufactured. I have studied in class and textbook that there are two common address decoder designs. One ...
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Silicon-free amplifier

I'm working on building a silicon free computer and I need a way to store information after power off. Right now, solid core memory seems like the best option. However, the sense line of solid core ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Do bank/rows/columns based NOR flash memory exist?

SDRAM supports more addresses than their address bus width allows thanks to the bank/row/column scheme it's based on. My question is if there are non volatile parallel memories that are based on the ...
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Operative Definitions of Memory in Circuits

I've been studying Memristors (non-ideal) and some related circuits depending on pinched hysteresis of the IV for use in memory. I'm still puzzled by the lack of general framework for what constitutes ...
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Why doesn't ESP32 support NAND flash?

Simple question, but I can't find anything on the internet about it. Why would Espressif not support NAND flash when it is the more economical option? I ask because I'm trying to integrate a 128MByte ...
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3 answers
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Storing data for a really really long time [closed]

How might one store data for the far future? (100 years and up, possibly centuries) This is entirely hypothetical but would it be possible for semiconductor based data storage to have similar ...
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Trying to understand the FLASH region of an STM32L433

I am trying to learn more about the STM32's FLASH memory (on the Nucleo-64 STM32L433RCT6P) so that I can use a page of the FLASH memory to store some user configuration (so that the data is retained ...
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How Many EEPROM Write Cycles Left in My EEPROM

I ordered some AT28C256 EEPROMs, but none of them were cleared, they all have some garbage programmed, probably from the last user. Obviously they're supposed to be clean and new. I wanted to ask, is ...
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2 votes
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Physical Properties of Memristor from I-V characterestics

I'm trying to understand what an IV plot of a memristors tells me in terms of physical properties. So these are the questions with the relevant plots: If I have a pinched hysteresis loop that does ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How are the bitflip and row hammering effects taken care of by micro controllers in critical systems?

Bitflips/random hardware faults and row hammering are some of the things which could damage the memory. Do the current breed of latest microcontrollers, used in embedded systems, have any mechanism ...
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Repair MRAM that's been exposed to a magnetic field

Is there any way to repair MRAM that has been exposed to a magnetic field? I've got a bit stuck (3rd bit) on my MRAM. Probably due to exposure to a magnetic field. Is there any way to fix this short ...
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13 votes
8 answers
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EEPROM being both "programmable" and "read-only"

Since it is called programmable, I tend to think that it should also be named with the write option. What is the deal here?
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Why it is required to write each byte with 0 before erase in NOR flash?

It is written in some sites that for NOR flash, each byte has to be written with 0 before erase. Why it is required to write with 0 before erasing? Erasing the sector change each byte to 1.
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Can I read programmed content inside any sort of non-volatile re-programmable memory device with Microscope, X-ray, etc.?

Non-volatile re-programmable memory like NAND flash, NOR flash, and etc. stores information in forms of electron charges and doesn't change in structural forms that can be inspected with X-ray or ...
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1 vote
3 answers
137 views

How to store one bit without the use of an IC? [duplicate]

I am trying to store a bit of data from a circuit, but I don't want to use an IC like an EEPROM chip. Is it possible to store one bit with a transistor or something else to that effect?
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1 vote
2 answers
60 views

Power On Tracking Integrated Circuit, ON Time Odometer [closed]

How would I realize a I2C/SPI device capable of tracking how long power has been applied over the lifetime of the device? Ideally this would be a 8 pin (or less) SMT part costing around a couple ...
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0 votes
1 answer
122 views

Where is load-leveling data stored on a MicroSD card?

Reading this question on load-leveling of writes on a MicroSD card, Is it true that a SD/MMC Card does wear levelling with its own controller?, it prompted me to wonder where on the MicroSD card is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Mysterious NVM write protection

I'm implementing a serial bootloader on an ATSAME51N20A (Cortex-M4). I'm reading in packets of UART, and writing them to internal flash. For some memory addresses the flash writes work fine, and for ...
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FRAM : excessive erase of one memory cell can damage another memory cell?

Erroneously , we made excessive erase of FRAM first 1024 bytes multiple times (millions and more erases). Afterwards we observed that memory upper half is damaged (part of it). Can it be that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Write endurance: Is there a difference between eMMC and Micro SD Card?

I have seen several forum posts (link 1, link 2) debating whether eMMC offers an endurance advantage over SD cards for embedded applications. My understanding was that the write endurance problem is ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Writing on one flash memory location could affect whole memory page

I am working on designing energy meter using PIC18F46K80. When the power goes off the meter store data on the flash memory (credit and so). Meter power supply stores enough energy to supply the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Is writing in FeRAM memory cell destructive?

I have read that writing in Ferroelectric random access memory is not destructive. But in a WL||PL memory architecture, if I try to write a '0' in a cell and the adjacent cell holds a '1', shouldn't ...
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Is there any memory cell that can store more than one bit? [closed]

SRAM, DRAM, Flash, EPROM - all of the memory cells contain one bit of data each. Is there any memory cell that can store more than one bit, e.g. 2 bits/4bits?
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Programmable gain non inverting amplifier

I'm a hobbyist and like to design my own tools rather than buying chinese "kits" that teach nothing. I have been needing all sorts of amplifiers for different things and usually I would just use an ...
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How is an EEPROM different from a Flash memory? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the terminology used for various non-volatile memory chips for example as EEPROM and Flash. Is there any preference to use the word EEPROM or Flash for specific type of ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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Memory capability and powers of 2

Why are computer memory capabilities often multiples of a power of two, such as 2^10 = 1024 bytes? I think it is something related to the binary logic, but I do not understand the precise reason for ...
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1 vote
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Adapting an I2C FRAM chip to an SRAM-like parallel interface

I have a project that requires a parallel interface non-volatile RAM. I had hoped to use an FRAM, however the only parallel FRAMs seem to much larger in capacity (and more importantly, price) than I ...
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12 votes
7 answers
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Need a non-volatile memory IC with near unlimited read/write operations capability

I need a memory solution which is going to be used to keep track of an accumulated count on a micro-controller based project. By accumulated count, I mean to say that the micro-controller uses this ...
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2 answers
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Initial data values of FRAM devices

I've got an FM25L16 FRAM part in a board design. For a new part from the manufacturer, what are the initial data values? All 0x00, or all ...
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2 votes
2 answers
245 views

I've seen many conflicting answers online: For optical storage, does a pit represent a '1' bit or does a land represent a '1' bit?

I've seen many conflicting answers online so: When reading an optical disk, which one of these is true: A 'pit' represents 1 and a 'land' represents 0 or A 'pit' represents 0 and a 'land' ...
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Is it possible to add a UID to M45PE10-VMN6?

Is it possible to add a UID to p/n M45PE10-VMN6 ? We need to add this security feature to these chips, but I am assuming it needed to be done at factory. Originally we could have purchased p/n ...
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1 vote
4 answers
416 views

Volatile keyword with ADC, USB interrupt readings

I was just reading an answer about global variables, it also stated that I should use volatile affix whenever a global is used in an interrupt. In my program I am using a 30 byte ADC buffer without ...
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