Questions tagged [ohms-law]

A well known relationship that describes the relationship between Voltage and current through a device's resistance expressed mathematically as V= IR. This formula says that voltage across the device is equal to the current through the device multiplied by the resistance.

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199 views

why does a step up transformer cause lower currents?

The usual answer I hear is because power needs to be conserved, but I dont find that answer satisfying. Normally if I were to double a supply voltage in a circuit, then I would expect twice the ...
75 views

Measured amperage differs greatly from my math

I've got the following circuit: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab It works. The LED glows nice and bright. However my math doesn't match the readings I'm getting from ...
334 views

Can you calculate internal resistance of battery by shorting it?

Can I measure the current of a battery by shorting the circuit and by ohms-law divide the voltage of the battery by the current measured to get internal resistance?
46 views

Can a power supply be too powerful for a device assuming that the power supply is at operating voltage of the device? [duplicate]

Let’s say a device’s operating voltage is 5V and maximum current that it can draw is 5A. Is it possible for a 5V power supply to have very low internal resistance such that a device that operates at ...
140 views

Why can't you just reduce the current instead of the voltage?

Why does voltage even matter, if it's the current that goes through a circuit? I understand the relationship V = IR (I think) and that increasing the voltage (pressure) will increase the current. ...
122 views

Double the voltage did not double the amps?

I have two brand new AA batteries. I measured the voltage and current of each battery and they are both 1.5v and 5A respectively. I connected these same batteries in series and I measured the voltage. ...
46 views

How to find the current value in this circuit?

Here is the question i am getting how to proceed after finding the voltage My attempt : Next part of solution:
386 views

How does electrical power relate to Ohm's law?

I have some difficulty grasping these concepts. Let's say, for example, a power source of 10W operating at 5V is connected to a load of 0.5 ohms. According to Ohm's law, it is expected that a current ...
30 views

Verilog-A Current/Voltage/Power Inconsistency

I'm simulating a phase change material in Verilog-A and need to calculate the power across the material. The material is a resistor, so it satisfies Ohm's Law. Therefore, P = IV = (I^2)R = (V^2)/R ...
134 views

Do I understand Ohm's law correctly?

I was reading a bachelor's thesis and it mentioned some technical details of a heated plate. Part of the technical details: MK2b Dual Power Technical Details [7] ...  Power Input: 12V or ...
682 views

What can cause a resistor to become non-ohmic?

Can anyone help me find some causes as to why a resistor may become non-ohmic? Thanks in advance.
2k views

What is the Danger in Plugging an 4 Ohm Speaker into an 8 Ohm Amplifier?

I know it is a commonplace warning not to plug in a 4 ohm speaker to an amplifier rated for 8 ohms. I am wondering what is the actual danger that is presented by doing this in an electrical sense. ...
21 views

Power up a motor/pump

I have a pump (6-12V 4-5W) that i want to power up with a generator (9V 1.5A). I've calculate the current needed with : I = 5W/8V = 0.55A. Next i've calculated the resistance needed : R = 9V / 0.55A =...
5k views

Max Voltage for Speaker of Given Power Rating

I have been looking into the design of loudspeaker drivers and would like to know how to determine the maximum voltage which can be delivered to a given speaker. From Ohm's law we know that P = V^2 / ...
2k views

How many watts does tweeter needs

I have a speaker with the following specs: Max. power - 600W Impedance - 4~8 Ohm Freq. response - 45Hz-20KHz Sensitivity - 98dB/W/M The tweeter of the right speaker is not working so i want to ...
72 views

What is the current flowing through the resistor in this circuit?

I have to find the current flowing through the resistor connecting node a to d. I know it's a current divider problem, but I'm having a hard time finding the correct expression. I presume R5 is ...
5k views

Ohm's law doesn't seem to be working for this electric motor

I'm a beginner in this field so please forgive me if I'm confusing with my question. There is a component that I can't understand with Ohm's law which is a washing machine drain pump. Washing machine ...
282 views

Smallest possible resistance (highest current) [duplicate]

I'm new to electronics and I've been familiarizing myself with some basic formulas, specifically Ohm's law. It seems to imply that if resistance is smaller than 1, let's say 0.00001 Ohm, then I can ...
71 views

What’s wrong with my resistance calculations?

I was trying to use ohms law, and there is something I don’t understand. There is a blender that uses 240v at 0.25 A. 240 / 0.25 = 960 ohms However, when I tested the appliance with a multimetre, it ...
397 views

What is the voltage potential of ground during a short

During a short, is it possible for the voltage potential of the ground to change? Say for example, we short a 9V battery, how does the ground stay at 0V and not become 9V?
87 views

High voltage, low current and vice versa

Can someone please explain to me in simple terms how is it possible to have high voltage and low current and low voltage and high current and what actually does harm to human body. Here is what I don'...
131 views

How is it possible to have high voltage that is safe?

I am aware that current is very dangerous and only 0.2 amps is enough to stop a heart. However I always see that high voltage is dangerous. Tasers produce a high voltage but since there is low current ...
95 views

resistance and current [closed]

I struggle to understand how if I increase the resistance in a circuit, it requires less current, based of ohms law.
261 views

What is voltage exactly? [duplicate]

First, let me start off by saying that I have read the answers to this question (which is the same as mine), but the answers basically explain the different ways voltage is created or compare it to ...
1k views

Why are voltage and current directly proportional? [closed]

So, I thought I had an understanding of Ohm's law, but after thinking deeply about it, the direct proportionality between voltage and current doesn't make a lot of intuitive sense to me. So, when I ...
196 views

Is it possible voltage without current and opposite [closed]

I got really surprised by seeing this possibilities from a power, energy calibrator is it really injecting it by violating the laws what we use in practice? See the photos? If anyone knows it please ...
265 views

Beginner Question about the logic behind Ohm's Law?

In all the physics i learned and practiced many subjects But understanding Ohm's law used to be a big problem for me... Here is what i mean : We have a 5 volt battery. And a 3 volt/ 20 mA led. So ...
23k views

How do I prove to my physics teacher that adding a battery in parallel doesn't double the current?

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab My physics teacher said that the current through the resistor is 4A because each battery has a current of 2A if hooked up to the ...
969 views

With parallel termination of a transmission line, why does the receiver see the full voltage?

With parallel termination of a transmission line, the line characteristic impedance $Z0$ is matched with the pull-down resistance $Rt$. But, in that case, shouldn't the receiver see half of the ...
376 views

Circuits explained without analogies [closed]

So, I am trying to fully understand circuits without the use of analogies like "voltage is like a waterfall" or "a battery is like a pump," since I've heard that those analogies break down when we get ...
296 views

UJT Negative Resistance and Ohm's Law

A Unijunction Transistor has a negative resistance region where voltage drops with an increase in current. This was explained to me as a situation where "Ohm's Law is broken". This doesn't sit well ...
280 views

Resistance in Ohm's law

Hello everybody I have a question about resistance in Ohm's law, according to the formula "I = U/R" the less resistance you have, the more current you got and accordingly the more power you drain. So ...
4k views

How a DC motor works when connected to a power supply but no resistor?

I connected a 12V DC motor to a battery of 12V only. The motor rotated perfectly fine. But my question is that if you don't have a resistor attached to the circuit, as per theory the current is ...
2k views

Amps / current doesnt add up to the expected figure - Ohm's law failure on my part!

Can anyone offer suggestions as to where I am going wrong please? In my circuit (diagram below) the system voltage is 12.03 V and the lamp resistance is 2.9 ohms (measured with power disconnected ...
55 views

Creating a small range, small baseline varying resistor

I am doing a design project on making a passive varying resistor device. I have a flex sensor that increases in resistance when you bend it. It has a 10k ohm nominal resistance and increase to 110k ...
157 views

Finding the value of a specific resistor

Let say you have a network of resistors. All resistors have values but one of them is labeled "R" Given the value of a total voltage and a total current, find the value of R. My head start would be ...
77 views

Power adapter giving a specified current [duplicate]

I often see power adapters indicating 5V 900mA (or) 5V 1000mA or sometimes 5V 3.4 A. Obviously they are converting current coming from 220V/110V source to 5V DC using some step down converter. But how ...
187 views

Ohms law and voltage

So Ohm's law says I=V/R pretty simple, say I had a 5 volt source and a load I wanted to limit to 20 mA, so I would use a 250 ohm resistor which would limit the current to 20 mA at 5 volts. (I'm ...
57 views

Wattage of DC device is not equal to AC [closed]

I have a led driver (LPC-20-700) that is 30V and 700mA, which makes it 21W. I run 10 leds (≈ 2.8V drop) in series with it and it is an constant current device. If I plug my multimeter between, I do ...
1k views

Why is my circuit's current far lower than expected with 2.6v / 220Ohm / and LED?

I have a very simple circuit which I have measured the current to be only 3mA but should be in the range of 18mA. I have a simple circuit using 2 AA batteries (NiMH) at 1.3V each in series for a total ...
717 views

led resistor calculation, and resistor wattage?

I know this has been asked time and time again but bear with me as I am struggling to understand, so say I have this simple circuit here with 120v (dc for simplicity) as the input voltage and I have ...
2k views

How do resistors limit current for an LED? [closed]

If I have an LED with Vf = 2.1V and I = 20mA, Ohm's Law says I should have a resistor in series at a value of R = 145Ω, if the voltage supply is Vs = 5V. However, I believe can put a higher valued ...
171 views

Calculating resistance when ohm law has no response

I have a 3v DC source and a 3v light emitted diode, i want power this led with just 5 mA . There is a formula : R = V/I But in my case V is 0 V[source] - V[LED] = 0 So R is 0 always!!! How can i ...
1k views

Does resistance of carbon brushes in DC Motors decreases after couple of uses?

I know that after couple of uses DC Motors we should replace carbon brush because the physical size of carbon brush will be reduced and it can not do its job! But let me ask my 3 main questions.... ...
115 views

Add a LED and a resistor to a working circuit

We found, with my 6 y.o. kid, a 9V battery and an old CPU fan power supply fan, and we were happy to see the following circuit 1. working. Then he asked: "Can we add a switch and a LED?" For sure we ...
88 views

How do voltages at outputs drop as current increases?

As I looked at some 74xxTxx ICs, such as this simple NAND gate, I noticed that the minimum $V_{OH}$ decrease as current flowing from the outputs increase. But, from my understanding of Ohm's law, \\$...
2k views

General definiton of Ohm's law

There has been some disagreement lately on whether a diode follows Ohm's law or not: Does a diode really follow Ohm's Law? Specifically things like However, the truth is the resistance of a ...
12k views

Does a diode really follow Ohm's Law?

Does a diode really follow Ohm's Law? Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points. Introducing the ...
59 views

Is my wire rated at a high enough current?

I am in the process of planning a speaker build. I am making sure my current wiring is up to the demands of a new system. The amplifier is a CV 1800, which can put out 9.5 amps at 4 ohms in stereo (...
2k views

Why doesn't current increases when the voltage is increased

When connecting two batteries in series the voltage is increased. For example: Connecting two 5V batteries in series will produce 10V voltage but the current will be the same. According to Ohm's Law <...