Questions tagged [ohms-law]

A well known relationship that describes the relationship between Voltage and current through a device's resistance expressed mathematically as V= IR. This formula says that voltage across the device is equal to the current through the device multiplied by the resistance.

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2answers
994 views

basic math question about voltage, ohms, resistance

total n00b here. After working on several projects by copy & paste from other people's schematics and code, I'm finally digging in and learning some of the math to know what I'm doing. If I have ...
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4answers
18k views

Why do LEDs not obey Ohm's law?

In a previous question, it was brought to me that LEDs do not obey the Ohm's law. (See Calculate expected voltage around a resistor) Simply put: how is that? What makes them behave so differently? ...
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Calculate expected voltage around a resistor [duplicate]

It's been a few years since I first studied the Ohm's law at school. Now I'm really getting into electronics, and I must admit a part of it still puzzles me. I know this is kind of a strange question,...
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How is current lowered as Voltage is increased in AC power transmission

I was reading about power transmission on wikipedia and came across the explanation of the efficiency of AC power transmission that said power in the load = (I^2)* R while power transmitted= IV. The ...
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2answers
209 views

Voltage distribution between components

I often see the same method for computing voltage distribution in electronic circuits implying components whose V-I curves are not trivial. For example, in a circuit implying a resistor and a LED ...
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3answers
16k views

Why do diodes have a voltage drop?

Is resistance what makes a diode have a voltage drop? Or is it impedence? If it is electrical energy being converted to light, please tell me what this effect is called.
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1k views

Maximum power for Arduino Monster Moto Shield

I'm reading the specs for the SparkFun Monster Moto shield which specifies that Max Voltage is 16V Maximum Current 30A Given Ohm's law, does that mean that the maximum power is 480 watts? That seems ...
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1answer
2k views

Should I use a resistor in this scenario?

I am building a IR pen and wondering if I need a resistor for this. Here is my specifications for my IR LED: Forward Voltage: 1.2 V Forward Current 100 mA So on and so on. I am powering it with a AA ...
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1answer
218 views

How to prevent a resistor receiving a too high power?

If a circuit was creating 0.3 watts, and resistors rated for 1/4 watts were used, what would be the easiest way to make it stay inside the rating? Would it be to, say, connect two resistors of twice ...
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2answers
5k views

A christmas light bulb question

This may look like a homework, but it's not. Actually it is related to Christmas. My Chrismas lights in front of the house are constructed from segments. Each segment consists of 16 incandescent light ...
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3answers
234 views

Reading datasheets and applying Ohm's Law

I have a CPLD that wants +3.3v and has a maximum allowable current per pin of 8ma. I need to supply a clock signal. The oscillator I selected accepts 5v and outputs 5v-ish levels. I'm finding it ...
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3answers
2k views

LED current limiting resistor and Ohm's Law

Yesterday I was trying to figure out how many ohms of resistor should I be using for my LED, and found this post right here in the forum. The formula states that one should subtract the voltage drop ...
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1answer
730 views

Triac datasheet values

I have a Triac that I want to use to control low voltage (~16 V) AC. The data sheet is found here. It specifies that the peak gate voltage is 5 V with a peak current rating of 2 A (which seems quite ...
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5answers
40k views

How do I calculate the necessary resistance for a voltage divider?

I’m self-taught, and this is a little bit of a thought experiment for me to understand Ohm’s Law better. I have a very simple voltage divider. Given a 15V DC input, each of three 4.7KΩ resistors ...
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3answers
39k views

Potential difference across one resistor with and without a known current?

Okay imagine you have a voltage supply of 10V and one Resistor of 5 Ohms. Now find the current : I=5/10 = 0.5A So potential difference across that resistor : V=IR=10V .. which proves this statement ...
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4answers
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Sharing a pull-up resistor

I have two IC chips. On one chip I have one 10K ohm pull-up resistor and on another chip I have three 10K ohm pull-up resistors. At first I was using four through hole pull-up resistors. Then I ...
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1answer
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How to choose correct resistor with proper wattage and ohms for 6 leds connected in a serial circuit?

Let's suppose I've six LED lights with each 3.2 Volt and 20mA and all six of them are connected in one serial circuit. I know there is better setup but for this I'm using this circuit setup. I'm ...
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2answers
28k views

How to calculate current and voltage draw of a single resistor circuit?

If I have a single 270 ohm resistor connected in a circuit to a 3.3V 50mA power supply, how can I measure the voltage and current for the resistor? I'm familiar with Ohm's law V=IR, where V is the ...
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3answers
536 views

Finding the current flowing in parallel circuit

Lets say we have a circuit with a voltage source and a 5 ohm resistor. The voltage source is 20 v and so the current flowing is 4 amperes (according to ohms law). Now, we add a short wire in parallel ...
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Why do we need resistors in led

I've researched and it says that resistors limit the current flowing through the LED. But this statement confuses me because we know that in a series circuit, the current is constant at every point, ...