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Questions tagged [optical-fibre]

A flexible, transparent, fine fibre made of extruded silica to function as a wave guide to transmitting signals through light

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Identification of fibre-to-LED circular connector (for car LED lights)

I have purchased some car LED lights for my vehicle, but the optic cable is too short. I need to buy some sort of extension and need to know what this piece on the right is called (see image below). I ...
Michael Amay's user avatar
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Laser communication system to transmit Audio

The audio in these two circuits is only transmitted when they are both connected to the same battery (Vcc), and only the laser control audio level not the transmitting process. When I connect the ...
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What is the transfer function of electroabsorption modulators?

Can anyone give me a reference that I may find a closed-form formula for the output electric field (not power) in terms of the input small-signal electrical waveform (not input power) of an ...
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Optical TOSLINK for high voltage isolation up to 2kV?

When using optical TOSLINK cable for isolation, would there be a problem in using it for measurements up to 2kV? I don't envisage any problems, since the optical cable is made of non-conducting ...
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Number of wavelengths in a multiple node optical fiber topology

I'm given a topology with several nodes that works bidirectional, so bit rates must be multiplied x2 (topology is attached at the bottom of the message) and a table with the required bit rates between ...
Ketterle's user avatar
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Connection of two devices

I need to design an Ethernet interface. Requirements: It should have two RJ45 connectors at 1Gbps data rate and two fiber-optic at 1Gbps rate. The system has two SoMs (Kria K26) and each one should ...
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Operating QSFP-28 at data rate other than 25Gbps per lane

We are designing a custom board for AD9082 and serdes of which are mapped to QSFP-28 port.This board will communicate with FPGA board using QSFP-28 module. AD9082 and FPGA will linkup using JESD204C ...
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How do single-optical-fiber bidirectional communications work?

In the past, I have dealt with fiber optic network communication devices that utilize two fibers, RX and TX, each being dedicated to one direction. I was under the impression that two fibers are ...
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Interface for isolated UART transmission using optical TOSLINK cable

For UART transmission in a noisy environment, I am contemplating using low-cost optical TOSLINK cable with a dedicated optical transmitter and receiver, e.g PLT133 and PLR135. Is a special interface ...
mr_js's user avatar
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FPT100B alternative [closed]

I have a board that uses an FPT100B and a 271 chip as fibre optic receiver. The fibre optic receives red light, not IR. The FPT100B is not working. I am pretty clueless as to what I can use as an ...
user3604932's user avatar
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Insulation safety ratings (working and withstand voltage) of fiber optics cables

I'm trying to build a high voltage optocoupler to implement galvanic isolation between a high voltage supply and its control signals. Since the working voltage is several kilovolts, it's beyond the ...
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Calculating minimum incident optical power when BER is given

I'm trying to solve this problem: A silicon photo-diode has a responsivity of 0.6 A/W at a wavelength of 850 nm. Determine the minimum incident optical power at the photo-diode at this wavelength in ...
Diana's user avatar
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Various types of multimode fibers

I have recently been studying fibers in school. I know there are 2 main types of fibers, singlemode and multimode. I know that single-modal are the most used for long journeys and because they have a ...
Luca Leone's user avatar
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Optical Receivers and Amplifiers

I have been doing some past papers for a university module I am studying. I am not from an electrical engineering background so don’t really know how to attempt the question attached. I would really ...
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The field in a waveguide at exactly the cut-off frequency

Can anyone explain to me qualitatively, what kind of field exists inside a waveguide at EXACTLY the cut-off frequency? I would be grateful if an explanation was given about waveguides with metalic ...
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How can I tell whether a waveguide supports hybrid modes or not?

When studying metallic waveguides, it was taken for granted that the TE and TM (and potentially TEM) formed a complete set, that is, any electromagnetic field in the waveguide could be written as a ...
Adrian's user avatar
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The speed of light is 3*10^8 m/s and data transmission rate of optical fiber is ~100 Tb/s, how do we calculate data transmission rate?

How do we calculate data transmission rate? Is there some formulas that is involved? Fiber optic cables beat copper in this department, and it isn’t even close. Fiber optic cables are made of tiny ...
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Converter RS232-Optical

Based on the configuration below: [Network Element 1] ----(RS232 TX)----[Converter RS232-Optical]-------[Converter Optical-RS232]----(RS232 signal) ----> [Network Element 2] From the network ...
Dam galand's user avatar
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2 answers
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From delay to distance?

I need to estimate the distance of a link having only delay values. How can I do that? I need to estimate this distance for ethernet and optical fiber links. I thought of doing it using the ...
Matt193's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
750 views

Using fiber optic cable for power transmission

Could someone knowledgeable explain why fiber optics could or could not be used for power transmission large or small? The formula for power in optical fiber is shown below. X is photons per second, ...
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Working on live optical fiber

I was recently asked if there was any negative for working on live optical fiber, and I was not sure of the answer. I imagine the answer is don't do it, but aside from specialized glasses to protect ...
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Waveguides and optical fibres

Why at microwave frequency we prefer rectangular waveguides while at optical frequency circular waveguides (i.e. optical fibres). Can we have rectangular optical fibres.
user32834's user avatar
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USB 3.x to Ethernet then Ethernet back to USB 3.x IC a.k.a usb over ip

Hey all I’ve been looking around a lot for a company that has a type of USB 3.x over IP. The ones I only see are not ICs but full blown products. These products cost $250+ so I’m looking to see if I ...
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Fiber optic transceiver for lower speeds

I am trying to figure out if a QSFP-DD transceiver can break out 8x 10G lanes if I make/use a 1:8 fiber optic breakout cable. It seems like most Transceivers are rated for one speed only, so if I get ...
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Fiber Optical and 80Gbps MTP/MPO?

I am trying to get a cable solution to output 80Gbps of data. My FPGA is trying to input/output data. It has QSFP-DD cages. Fiber SFP+ cables (50um and multimode) need to interface to this. From my ...
bchang32's user avatar
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QSFP-DD to 8x 10G SFP+

I am trying to use a QSFP-DD port on an FPGA to breakout and interface with 4 or 8 SFP+ ports. I am curious if this is possible. From my research online, it seems like this all depends on the module ...
bchang32's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
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Why do we have a limited bandwidth in electronics?

I've been looking around a bit on optical communications and it is said that the main advantage in using optical communications, namely optical fibers, lies in the gigantic bandwidth available, when ...
Bidon's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to interface TMDS signal with optical tranceivers at low cost?

Not like this which is about protocol, this is about physical. The HDMI2.0 (18Gbps) fiber optic HDMI cables on market seems to be "cheap", like<$100. Although optic fibers are very cheap ...
jw_'s user avatar
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How does a repeater convert light from a fibre-optic cable into binary?

I'm just starting out in Computer Science and currently learning about transmission of data in fibre-optic cables. I understand fibre-optic attenuation and that a repeater will then take this light ...
BuiltByDan's user avatar
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1 answer
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How are ground wires and OPGW connected to ground and neutral point of transformer, and to the com.system?

Note: This question is about power systems in the kV, MVA range. Many distribution and transmission systems are impedance grounded, which means that (some of) the transformer neutrals are connected to ...
Stewie Griffin's user avatar
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I wonder what these fibre-optic cables are used for

One cord. Two identical ends. Looks like female end would be similar to a phone style connection but it is not for phone. Black cord, two ends identical
C Joy Bakker's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is the highest possible optical output power of an SLED?

I am inquiring about this because I'm looking for a suitably high-power, large bandwidth light source for a fibre optic communication system I am designing. The distance the data will be required to ...
AustereTiger's user avatar
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2 answers
148 views

Why do simple optical fibers usually support only half-duplex communication?

I'm a newbie to the subject, so a thorough answer would be very helpful. I was curious as to why simple (single) optical fibers usually don't allow full-duplex communication. To my understanding, all ...
kmaork's user avatar
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Can optical fiber communication be used to transmit analog signals?

I am confused because I read the LEDs/LASERS used in optical fiber have finite levels. If for instance ASK is used to transmit digital baseband data then will the LED or LASER be able follow the ASK ...
SUNITA GUPTA's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
9k views

What are these teardrop-shaped loops in power lines for?

I just happened to notice this along a road near where I live: So these were in a pair, oppositely facing, "tip" to "tip" of the teardrop. At first glance, this doesn't seem to be ...
StayOnTarget's user avatar
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How do we choose refractive index value in optical fiber design?

It is known that, given two media with refractive indeces \$n_1\$ and \$n_2 < n_1\$, if rays come from medium 1 they will be totally reflected if their angle of incidence is higher than the ...
Kinka-Byo's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
675 views

Using QSFP28 Module at Lower Lane Rate

I have an application that requires optical transmission of 4x16 Gbps SERDES lanes over fiber. A QSFP28 module for 100G ethernet seems like a great commercial solution--it can take the four lanes and ...
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Q-value in APD photodetector

I try to calculate the Q value of APD photodetector with these parameters: $$R \hspace{0.1in} (response) = 1$$ $$M \hspace{0.1in} (magnification) = 10$$ $$k \hspace{0.1in} (ionization \hspace{0.1in} ...
Adrián Marín Villar's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
161 views

Detector for a fiber optic gyroscope

I'm a navigation engineer, so I often have to deal with gyroscopes and their measurements. Out of curiosity, I've decided to build one myself and will give it a try with a Fiber Optics Gyroscope (FOG),...
bronius's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
540 views

Do we use any filter after photodiode?

In wireless communication, we use a matched filter to suppress out-of-signal-space noise. After this filtering we do sampling. Otherwise, the power of noise is infinite (practically very large). In ...
CLAUDE's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
308 views

Different ways or sensors to detect the weight on an object in a system

I am starting to gather information for a project I am excited about; my project is essentially a barbell that can detect the weight loaded on it. I will quickly summarize the function and restraints. ...
Invic18's user avatar
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2 answers
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Photodiode not working in reverse bias

I'm using a photodiode module, model: coaxial InGaAs, Gtel. I set it in reverse bias with 5V and tested it with a laser but it doesn't give any output voltage. Unfortunately I don't know the laser ...
sepehr's user avatar
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2 answers
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How optical sources having narrower spectral width gives higher data rates?

How optical sources having narrower spectral width '\$ \Delta \lambda \downarrow \$' gives higher data rates '\$ R_B \uparrow \$'? For example: Laser having lower spectral width gives higher data ...
Suresh's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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A few questions about the application of ethernet controller and PHY chip and SFP module

I have a question about the connection/application between the ethernet controller and PHY/SFP modules. Actually, there're so many scenarios for building up a NIC card, which makes me confused. For ...
Nobody's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
106 views

optical glow fiber for low-tech communication links?

Can cheap "glow" optical fiber (or other inexpensive materials such as aquarium air tubing, etc.) be used for low-tech low-speed optical communications using just simple discrete components, such as ...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
59 views

How to measure the amount of light emitted back from a fiber optic cable?

I would like to build a setup where I use a light source to emit a signal over a fiber optic cable, and then measure the amount of light that is emitted back, e.g. by blocking/opening the other end of ...
mmh's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
5k views

How to make affordable DIY low-res absolute rotatory optical encoders with fibers? [closed]

I have zero knowledge of optics and want to make a very low resolution (~10°) absolute rotary optical encoder using rapid manufacturing (I have 3D printers, laser cutter, and desktop CNC). Digging the ...
Foad's user avatar
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0 answers
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How to Work with a Optical Fiber Ribbon

I got a piece of fiber optical cable that is in the form of a "ribbon cable" (see pictures). I have seen tools and procedures for making connections on a single strand of optical fiber. I would like ...
user1596683's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
203 views

Nanopower Fiber Optics / MOSFET Switch

I'm a newbie at designing at the nanopower level, hence my question. In this circuit, I have plastic fiber optical inbound signal that drives D1 photodiode, whose dark current is extremely low (tens ...
rbraddy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
265 views

Do electronic fiber optic selector switches exist?

From my research, I have been having a tough time finding and specifying a fiber optic selector switch or multiplexer. Do fiber optic selector switches exist? Background - Simple I have an ...
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