Questions tagged [phase]

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Frequency sync and phase sync in coherent detection

I've heard that achieving frequency synchronization is easier than phase synchronization (in the context of coherent detectors in modulation/demodulation techniques), But I can't find the reason. I ...
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61 views

Understanding Output From DFT

I should preface this by saying I'm a novice at all of this: I'm designing a system (using a stand-alone FPGA board combined with an ADC that offloads data to a GPU) that is supposed to look for high ...
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27 views

Usually AC quantities have the x-axis as time, but phase shifts are done in angles. How is there not a unit conflict?

This feels like a very specific and stupid question, but I have studied AC circuits for a while already. I just didn't think about it that much, but why is it established that the x-axis we use for ...
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2answers
82 views

How do I find the -3dB point on a given graph

I just performed an AC Simulation on QUCS and was asked to find values of gain and phase at low freq. and high freq and at the -3dB frequency point with the roll-off slope. The circuit is an RC ...
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1answer
103 views

Find the phase angle between two functions

Apologies if this is better suited for a mathematics forum, it's from my circuits textbook so I've decided to post here. Below is a practice problem from the textbook, with the provided solution. If ...
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1answer
54 views

What am I doing wrong in finding the phase angle of power?

Consider a voltage supply \$V\angle \phi_1\$ and a circut with impedance \$Z \angle \phi_2\$. Now the Apparent power(\$S\$) is given by: $$\bar S =\frac{(\bar V)^2} {\bar Z}$$ Thus phase angle of \$S\$...
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1answer
60 views

How to ensure signals from multiple different clocks are in phase?

I am designing a pcb where I have a signal of 10 MHz logic signal with 50% duty cycle that might be coming from different clocks. I will be using a pll frequency synthesizer to turn this into a 50% ...
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1answer
57 views

How do you find the phase lag of the current in this FM demodulation “discriminator” circuit?

I need some help understanding this discriminator circuit for FM demodulation. (L1, C1) is the primary LC tank which resonates with the carrier frequency, whose FM signal is applied at V12. As the FM ...
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2answers
152 views

Phase shift a square wave

I have an application where I would like to derive a secondary square wave from a primary one but with a continuously variable phase shift. I would like to know if this is possible to achieve in a ...
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20 views

Help needed for cis orcad + pspice

I have been trying to simulate a circuit on pspice. Simulation worked really well and pspice has given me the expected diagrams of gain and phase. I am having difficulty thought on how to use the ...
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2answers
58 views

How to graph sinusoid with phase angle

I am taking basic elec. circuits and I would like to know how to graph the wave forms with phase angles in either desmos, or octave or any other platform. I am not afraid of doing some coding for ...
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1answer
43 views

Suitability of standard-gain pyramidal horn for UWB signal

Objective I'm interested in evaluating the suitability of a standard-gain pyramidal horn for an ultrawideband (UWB) signal. However, I've had difficulty finding reliable information about the phase ...
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35 views

Traveling magnetic field

I'd like to do some experiments with a traveling magnetic field. To start with, I'd like to create a traveling magnetic field with a set of coils and try to propel an aluminum sheet. A basic model of ...
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2answers
139 views

Switching power line phases with inductive load

I have one question related to this schematic: Scenario: Source 1: AC source 220VAC, 50Hz, 120º Source 2: AC source 220VAC, 50Hz, 0º If I want to switch from source 1 to source 2 or from source 2 ...
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60 views

Two transistor pair inverter and one transistor pair inverter

Today I made DIY inverter (the top one) I managed to achieve ~2 volts from 5V usb, everything seemed to be ok. But I have question - is this the right way to make inverter? I also found the bottom ...
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3answers
68 views

Magnitude calculation of filter

I am working on a problem for a given transfer function given below and am having trouble calculating the magnitude and phase of it. The problem is specifically that I do not know what method to use ...
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2answers
81 views

How to add specific voltage offset to the “balanced phase splitter” op amp circuit?

I use the basic 2 opamps "balanced phase splitter" circuit to get 2 separate square wave outputs (0 and 180 phase). The input is 12Vpp but I need both outputs to be offset by -6V. So instead ...
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2answers
136 views

How do I find the phase of a transfer function in different ways?

Suppose there is a transfer function Now try to find the phase of this transfer function. The phase can be expressed in different forms: But each of these forms leads to a different result in the ...
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33 views

Arduino Due PWM Burst Signal with Phase shift

Perhaps someone can advise how to properly handle the case on Arduino Due when I need to generate Burst PWM signal relative to the master signal. For example there is a master channel with a frequency ...
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78 views

Why is Δt constant in phase shift measurement?

I would like to ask for some help with phase shift plotting. To be precise, with time delay between two waveforms. I am measuring two currents using an oscilloscope. channel A (blue) is my current ...
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2answers
116 views

How does an XOR phase difference detector behave when input frequencies are different?

How does an XOR phase difference detector such as AD8302 behave when input frequencies are different? Does it give meaningful results when the frequencies are close but different? Is there a simple ...
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1answer
76 views

Only detect the phase of a sinusoid multiplexed with other sinusoids of different frequencies

Is there an easy way to detect the phase of a sinusoid that has been added to other sinudoids of different frequencies (through a frequency-division scheme) without using a superheterodyne receiver ...
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2answers
383 views

LTspice three phase rectifier simulation

I am interested in creating from scratch a regulator rectifier for motorcycle. I struggle to comprehend the ground placement in the simulator. I cannot find instructions about tree phase simulation. ...
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1answer
33 views

Difference in phase response between circuit simulation and MATLAB

I have the following low pass filter: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab When simulating through Circuitlab, I get the following phase response (I think you should be ...
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42 views

Phase margin plot of LDO

For this LDO circuit design at https://github.com/promach/LDO/tree/development , 1) which exact circuit node(s) contributes to the zeroes near 1MHz after removing CL ? 2) If I remove "AC 1" from ...
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1answer
71 views

Buck-Boost Transformer with Three Phase Wiring

I live in a residence with 120v / 208v electrical service. (Measured as leg1: 124v, leg2: 125v, 215v across legs) I am nearly certain that the service is the result of two legs of three phase power. ...
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2answers
41 views

Phase relationships in AC circuits

Is it wrong to use the mnemonics "ELI the ICE" [ From my understand means if its inductive current LAGS voltage and if its capacitive current LEADS] in understanding the phase relationship of a ...
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30 views

buffered Op-amplifier

I am trying to simulate a buffer with an op-amp using CMOS, I am using Cadence. The phase margin I am getting is negative (not stable) about -272 deg, I am trying to reach 50 deg for a gain of 86 and ...
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1answer
132 views

What is the gain margin of the system, when the phase crossover frequency does not exist?

I have a simple questions I have a system in which the system will never reach -180 degrees for any frequency. Does that make the gain margin infinite ? If yes, does that mean that the system will ...
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48 views

Need help in zero cross circuit by using op-amp

I worked on zero crossing circuit by using opto-coupler.Circuit is It is working okay.Zero_crossing signal is There is a 2-3 ms of signal loss is happening with 50Hz of AC signal.I don't want more ...
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2answers
72 views

Is the Kirchhoff's Current Law correct?

I'm on this problem: And I'm trying to use KCL to find Vth, my approach is: Am I on the right path regarding KCL? Thanks in advance!
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147 views

LTspice - Extracting magnitude of signal from AC analysis using .meas and the phase

I want to be able to produce a measure function such that the output of that function would give me the magnitude of a signal when its phase is -360deg. I tried using .meas AC name FIND mag(V(out)) ...
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1answer
69 views

What does 'passband phase' and 'stopband phase' mean?

I've been provided with a Bode plot for an RC filter circuit with a cutoff frequency of 10kHz. Im asked to find the stopband and passband phase from the graph. I'm confused how these can be just a ...
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1answer
58 views

How to find the phase of this transfer function?

I have been trying to find the phase of this transfer function: G(jω)H(jω)=0.1695/jω(5.88jω+1) by doing this: Phase = -arctan(0/0.1695)-arctan(w/-5.88*w^2) PHASE = 0-arctan(1/-5.88*w) Is this ...
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1answer
49 views

Does powering both phases (left/right rotation) of an AC motor hurt it?

I know that one can reverse the direction of an ac motor by powering the different starter windings. If you power one starter winding, you create a magnetic bias, allowing the motor to rotate to that ...
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41 views

Phase angle in a series RC circuit

I have a simple question from an electronics textbook (Electronics Fundamentals, Pearson, 8th Ed., p510 Q 37): 10V 10 Hz AC supply, 4.7K resistor and 10uF capacitor in series, with Vout measured over ...
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1answer
219 views

Why do four cascaded all-pass filters cause a 180° phase shift?

This op-amp all-pass filter is reported to introduce a 90° phase shift at the cutoff frequency of the RC network placed at the + input. (The FET is used as a controlled variable resistor to move the ...
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2answers
91 views

Why are E and B field in phase in far-field electromagnetic wave propagation?

I am very frustrated with the fact that the E and B field of an EM wave are in phase in the far-field case. Before I get into this question I am letting you know that I already read this link related ...
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35 views

Multiplication of 2 waves in a phase detector of a phase-locked loop

What would be the product of a 60Hz square wave and a 60Hz sine wave with an approximate phase shift of -45 degrees? I could not find a proper solution to this anywhere.
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2answers
62 views

Phase Shift Power?

So I want to build a cheap AC-DC buck converter and I'm trying to eliminate parts by replacing them with "smart switching". So my idea is to ignore the capacitor which would smooth out the rectified ...
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1answer
206 views

Why 180 degrees of phase margin should be considered?

We've had one feedback on the phase difference, with the gain as 1. At 300 to 60 degrees, there's just a phase difference, and 61 to 299 degrees, the output is larger. Shouldn't we consider an angle ...
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1answer
239 views

Phase margin for a system (design of PD controller)

I have a system with the following transfer function: \$G(s)=\cfrac{20}{s^2+s+20K_f}\$ where \$K_f=1.75\$ I want to use a PD controller and I want obtain a phase margin of 35 degrees. I need to ...
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28 views

Based on \$f(f) = \phi_{\beta} \; \land \; f(t) = |\beta_u| \$ determine type of oscillator

Imagine the below characteristics of feedback circuit in sinewave oscillator are drawn: $$f(f) = \phi_{\beta}$$ $$f(t) = |\beta_u|$$ Based on the characteristics, how can I tell: Which type of an ...
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3answers
167 views

Understanding PLL VCO Integrator Phase-shift

In many PLL phase loop theory discussions, it's often said that the VCO acts as an integrator and therefore has a 90 degree phase shift. I've seen derivations of the VCO transfer function and this ...
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3answers
130 views

Phase Detector for PLL: Operation and Realization

I have some doubts about the realization and the operation of a phase detector for a PLL. My reference book is "The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits" (Thomas H. Lee). The basic ...
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2answers
98 views

Is there any device for measuring phase and gain of a device in frequency range as low as 0.1 Hz?

I need to measure phase and gain of a circuit starting from 0.1 Hz to 10 MHz. Most of VNAs are for frequencies of several MHz to GHz. I've just found one VNA for 1 Hz. Is there a device or method to ...
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40 views

Three Phase Voltage Measurement

I have matrix rectifier.However, I want to measurement phase voltage by ADC during not rectifying matrix rectifier? Can I measurement phase voltage with passive rectifier?
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1answer
63 views

Four-phase power from one-phase?

I have four AC electromagnets that I want to drive 90 degrees out of phase with each other. I want this device to work on regular wall-socket power. I could drive two electromagnets 180 degrees out of ...
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75 views

Firing Triac strategy for motor phase control

I try to design a replacement potter's wheel motor controller for an old potter wheel. I have solve some problem and I am able to control the phase standard of filament light. Now I try my board on ...
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2answers
68 views

Phase Lead and phase Lag

I find the concept of phase lag and and lead quite confusing. Suppose we have two voltages \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 30^o)\$ and \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 60^o)\$ ...

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