Questions tagged [phase]

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Phase margin plot of LDO

For this LDO circuit design at https://github.com/promach/LDO/tree/development , 1) which exact circuit node(s) contributes to the zeroes near 1MHz after removing CL ? 2) If I remove "AC 1" from ...
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37 views

Buck-Boost Transformer with Three Phase Wiring

I live in a residence with 120v / 208v electrical service. (Measured as leg1: 124v, leg2: 125v, 215v across legs) I am nearly certain that the service is the result of two legs of three phase power. ...
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26 views

Phase relationships in AC circuits

Is it wrong to use the mnemonics "ELI the ICE" [ From my understand means if its inductive current LAGS voltage and if its capacitive current LEADS] in understanding the phase relationship of a ...
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30 views

buffered Op-amplifier

I am trying to simulate a buffer with an op-amp using CMOS, I am using Cadence. The phase margin I am getting is negative (not stable) about -272 deg, I am trying to reach 50 deg for a gain of 86 and ...
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51 views

What is the gain margin of the system, when the phase crossover frequency does not exist?

I have a simple questions I have a system in which the system will never reach -180 degrees for any frequency. Does that make the gain margin infinite ? If yes, does that mean that the system will ...
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46 views

Need help in zero cross circuit by using op-amp

I worked on zero crossing circuit by using opto-coupler.Circuit is It is working okay.Zero_crossing signal is There is a 2-3 ms of signal loss is happening with 50Hz of AC signal.I don't want more ...
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2answers
69 views

Is the Kirchhoff's Current Law correct?

I'm on this problem: And I'm trying to use KCL to find Vth, my approach is: Am I on the right path regarding KCL? Thanks in advance!
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24 views

LTspice - Extracting magnitude of signal from AC analysis using .meas and the phase

I want to be able to produce a measure function such that the output of that function would give me the magnitude of a signal when its phase is -360deg. I tried using .meas AC name FIND mag(V(out)) ...
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1answer
45 views

What does 'passband phase' and 'stopband phase' mean?

I've been provided with a Bode plot for an RC filter circuit with a cutoff frequency of 10kHz. Im asked to find the stopband and passband phase from the graph. I'm confused how these can be just a ...
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1answer
53 views

How to find the phase of this transfer function?

I have been trying to find the phase of this transfer function: G(jω)H(jω)=0.1695/jω(5.88jω+1) by doing this: Phase = -arctan(0/0.1695)-arctan(w/-5.88*w^2) PHASE = 0-arctan(1/-5.88*w) Is this ...
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40 views

Does powering both phases (left/right rotation) of an AC motor hurt it?

I know that one can reverse the direction of an ac motor by powering the different starter windings. If you power one starter winding, you create a magnetic bias, allowing the motor to rotate to that ...
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40 views

Phase angle in a series RC circuit

I have a simple question from an electronics textbook (Electronics Fundamentals, Pearson, 8th Ed., p510 Q 37): 10V 10 Hz AC supply, 4.7K resistor and 10uF capacitor in series, with Vout measured over ...
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96 views

Why do four cascaded all-pass filters cause a 180° phase shift?

This op-amp all-pass filter is reported to introduce a 90° phase shift at the cutoff frequency of the RC network placed at the + input (the FET is used as a controlled variable resistor to move the ...
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2answers
70 views

Why are E and B field in phase in far-field electromagnetic wave propagation?

I am very frustrated with the fact that the E and B field of an EM wave are in phase in the far-field case. Before I get into this question I am letting you know that I already read this link related ...
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29 views

Multiplication of 2 waves in a phase detector of a phase-locked loop

What would be the product of a 60Hz square wave and a 60Hz sine wave with an approximate phase shift of -45 degrees? I could not find a proper solution to this anywhere.
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54 views

Phase Shift Power?

So I want to build a cheap AC-DC buck converter and I'm trying to eliminate parts by replacing them with "smart switching". So my idea is to ignore the capacitor which would smooth out the rectified ...
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1answer
65 views

Why 180 degrees of phase margin should be considered?

We've had one feedback on the phase difference, with the gain as 1. At 300 to 60 degrees, there's just a phase difference, and 61 to 299 degrees, the output is larger. Shouldn't we consider an angle ...
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1answer
123 views

Phase margin for a system (design of PD controller)

I have a system with the following transfer function: \$G(s)=\cfrac{20}{s^2+s+20K_f}\$ where \$K_f=1.75\$ I want to use a PD controller and I want obtain a phase margin of 35 degrees. I need to ...
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27 views

Based on \$f(f) = \phi_{\beta} \; \land \; f(t) = |\beta_u| \$ determine type of oscillator

Imagine the below characteristics of feedback circuit in sinewave oscillator are drawn: $$f(f) = \phi_{\beta}$$ $$f(t) = |\beta_u|$$ Based on the characteristics, how can I tell: Which type of an ...
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3answers
84 views

Understanding PLL VCO Integrator Phase-shift

In many PLL phase loop theory discussions, it's often said that the VCO acts as an integrator and therefore has a 90 degree phase shift. I've seen derivations of the VCO transfer function and this ...
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90 views

Phase Detector for PLL: Operation and Realization

I have some doubts about the realization and the operation of a phase detector for a PLL. My reference book is "The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits" (Thomas H. Lee). The basic ...
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2answers
98 views

Is there any device for measuring phase and gain of a device in frequency range as low as 0.1 Hz?

I need to measure phase and gain of a circuit starting from 0.1 Hz to 10 MHz. Most of VNAs are for frequencies of several MHz to GHz. I've just found one VNA for 1 Hz. Is there a device or method to ...
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40 views

Three Phase Voltage Measurement

I have matrix rectifier.However, I want to measurement phase voltage by ADC during not rectifying matrix rectifier? Can I measurement phase voltage with passive rectifier?
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1answer
63 views

Four-phase power from one-phase?

I have four AC electromagnets that I want to drive 90 degrees out of phase with each other. I want this device to work on regular wall-socket power. I could drive two electromagnets 180 degrees out of ...
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47 views

Firing Triac strategy for motor phase control

I try to design a replacement potter's wheel motor controller for an old potter wheel. I have solve some problem and I am able to control the phase standard of filament light. Now I try my board on ...
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2answers
50 views

Phase Lead and phase Lag

I find the concept of phase lag and and lead quite confusing. Suppose we have two voltages \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 30^o)\$ and \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 60^o)\$ ...
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128 views

Does capacitor invert AC signal volatge

If the capacitor works by induction of charges, then does it invert an AC signal? (i.e phase shifting the input signal by 180 degrees). In my observation I dont see a phase shift between an input ...
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55 views

Simple Stability and Feedback

I have a question, my book says that for the system in this picture: If the system has G(s)*H(s) with a module of 1 (0dB) and a phase of -180°, the system is in Simple Stability, so it is like in ...
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62 views

Phase control circuit (U111B replacement) for AC motor

I try to repair an old potter's wheel electronic board based on "Phase control circuit" U111B. (An other U111B datasheet here) After changing 60% of components, the PCB is delaminate and I think it's ...
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40 views

Gain & Phase of a transfer function

can anyone help me calculate the gain and phase angle of the following transfer function for a low pass filter at a frequency of 130 rad s^-1: G=1/(1+jw/260)
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2answers
93 views

Phase difference between resistor and inductor voltage in an RL AC circuit

In my textbook, it is given that \$\mathcal {E} = -L\frac{\Delta I}{\Delta t}\$. The graph of resistor voltage (\$V_R\$) and inductor voltage (\$V_L\$) in a series RL AC circuit is given similar to ...
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1answer
312 views

Effect of Reversed Phase Polarity on Active & Reactive Power of 3-Phase System?

I am trying to investigate the Power/Energy of 3-Phase System under Different Faults. I have a Three Phase Source and Load, Load is balanced i.e same phase angle and current (Phase-Neutral V = 230 ...
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1answer
54 views

what does phase really mean?

I'm new to EE, and I am reading a text book which says: Phase describes the position of the waveform relative to time 0. The a quiz asks What is the phase shift for a sine wave with the maximum ...
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32 views

comparing between different phase detectors

I implemented two architectures of phase-frequency detectors and I'm interested to compare between them. (I'm open for extra architectures that might solve problems that I'm not discussing here) I'...
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2answers
94 views

Phase detection with non-ideal PFD

I'm trying to simulate for Phase Frequency Detector with the following implementation: and inside NAND_PFD: NOTE: the triangles on the right are inverters and not amplifiers. I'm currently ...
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2answers
94 views

Are current and voltage orthogonal in a transmission line?

If there is a phase difference on a lossless transmission line between current and voltage, is it always 90deg? Assume the Load matches the transmission line characteristic impedance. If not what are ...
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60 views

How to measure or estimate the phase delay between two analog input channels of this board?

There is a 16-bit data acquisition board with +/-10V range which multiplexes analog inputs and buffers the data to the PC. Specifications are given here (DAS6036 is the model in question). Now I need ...
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79 views

Does current in neutral wire flow like this? [duplicate]

I've read neutral wire in 1 phase AC at home has almost 0V at both ends. But still current flows through it. So I've assumed 0.1V potential at the other end near a resistance (bulb). Now there's a ...
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1answer
135 views

Why do we not get shocked by neutral wire and how can it behave as it does? [closed]

I read some articles and watched videos regarding 1 phase and 3 phase ac. And later found that for most home appliances we need 1 phase ac. Then I came to know about live and neutral wires. Few ...
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1answer
50 views

Complex Amplitudes and Exp'l Increase/Decrease

The following are quotes from a textbook, If S(t) is represented as a rotating phasor, the angular frequency of the phasor can be thought of as velocity at the end of the phasor. In particular ...
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3answers
187 views

Phase or polarity for North America residential 240V

I understand that for North American residential, the three wires coming into the panel box are +120V,-120V, and Neutral. Is there such a thing as phase or polarity between these three wires? How is ...
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53 views

Phase noise of a digital PLL

I assume the reader is aware of how a DPLL works. The DPLL oscillates with a frequency of \$F_{out}\$. The DCO free running frequency is \$F_{free}\$. In the model of our DPLL we've only considered ...
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1answer
132 views

What's the phase relation between the sine wave and the sync output from a function generator?

I'm using a function generator to generate a sine wave, and am trying to use the sync (TTL) output to flash an LED at the beginning of each wave pulse. However, when I compare the sin wave and the ...
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4answers
143 views

How do I successfully connect a 3 phase motor using single phase 220 v?

I have a plastic crusher with a three phase motor and I will like to operate it using single phase 220v. Can anyone please help me out with instructions on how to connect it? Also, I want to know ...
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45 views

Guitar pickup wiring question

I have an older Seymour Duncan vintage rails pickup. Part number SVR-1N-0309. This model only has two wires, red and white, compared to the new versions. Unfortunately, Seymour Duncan doesn’t seem to ...
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2answers
67 views

Are phase angles in filter transfer functions primarily for stability?

I see transfer functions and bode plots (magnitude and phase) and it occurred to me, that I don't really use the phase plots at all. My career experience seems to have gotten away without having to ...
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1answer
103 views

What is the difference between residual phase noise and absolute phase noise?

Studying the characteristics of an oscillator with a phase noise analyzer, but I don't quite understand the difference between absolute and residual noise. Any help would be greatly appreciated
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79 views

Phase, Frequency and Laplace transform

I have a doubt on the relationship between phase and frequency. We know that the definition of angular frequency is: ω(t) = d(\$phi\$(t) / dt, where \$phi\$(t) is the istantaneous phase of our ...
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1answer
781 views

Can a phase margin become bigger than 180° and is this bad?

I have a wrong mental model about phase margin in control theory. I see that a phase of -180° is bad. If my input is a sine wave and I have negative feedback, which has a -180° phase shift, the ...
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91 views

Doubt about Phase Locked Loop

How is it possible that the Signal Output will have the same frequencies as the Reference Signal?\$f_1\$, Frequency of the Reference Signal;\$f_2\$, Frequency of the VCO. Let's assume that \$f_1>...

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