Questions tagged [phase]

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Why 180 degrees of phase margin should be considered?

We've had one feedback on the phase difference, with the gain as 1. At 300 to 60 degrees, there's just a phase difference, and 61 to 299 degrees, the output is larger. Shouldn't we consider an angle ...
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60 views

Phase margin for a system (design of PD controller)

I have a system with the following transfer function: \$G(s)=\cfrac{20}{s^2+s+20K_f}\$ where \$K_f=1.75\$ I want to use a PD controller and I want obtain a phase margin of 35 degrees. I need to ...
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27 views

Based on \$f(f) = \phi_{\beta} \; \land \; f(t) = |\beta_u| \$ determine type of oscillator

Imagine the below characteristics of feedback circuit in sinewave oscillator are drawn: $$f(f) = \phi_{\beta}$$ $$f(t) = |\beta_u|$$ Based on the characteristics, how can I tell: Which type of an ...
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41 views

Understanding PLL VCO Integrator Phase-shift

In many PLL phase loop theory discussions, it's often said that the VCO acts as an integrator and therefore has a 90 degree phase shift. I've seen derivations of the VCO transfer function and this ...
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67 views

Phase Detector for PLL: Operation and Realization

I have some doubts about the realization and the operation of a phase detector for a PLL. My reference book is "The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits" (Thomas H. Lee). The basic ...
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2answers
97 views

Is there any device for measuring phase and gain of a device in frequency range as low as 0.1 Hz?

I need to measure phase and gain of a circuit starting from 0.1 Hz to 10 MHz. Most of VNAs are for frequencies of several MHz to GHz. I've just found one VNA for 1 Hz. Is there a device or method to ...
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39 views

Three Phase Voltage Measurement

I have matrix rectifier.However, I want to measurement phase voltage by ADC during not rectifying matrix rectifier? Can I measurement phase voltage with passive rectifier?
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1answer
62 views

Four-phase power from one-phase?

I have four AC electromagnets that I want to drive 90 degrees out of phase with each other. I want this device to work on regular wall-socket power. I could drive two electromagnets 180 degrees out of ...
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37 views

Firing Triac strategy for motor phase control

I try to design a replacement potter's wheel motor controller for an old potter wheel. I have solve some problem and I am able to control the phase standard of filament light. Now I try my board on ...
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2answers
40 views

Phase Lead and phase Lag

I find the concept of phase lag and and lead quite confusing. Suppose we have two voltages \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 30^o)\$ and \$V(\theta) = V_{max} \cdot \sin(\theta + 60^o)\$ ...
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63 views

Does capacitor invert AC signal volatge

If the capacitor works by induction of charges, then does it invert an AC signal? (i.e phase shifting the input signal by 180 degrees). In my observation I dont see a phase shift between an input ...
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55 views

Simple Stability and Feedback

I have a question, my book says that for the system in this picture: If the system has G(s)*H(s) with a module of 1 (0dB) and a phase of -180°, the system is in Simple Stability, so it is like in ...
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28 views

Phase control circuit (U111B replacement) for AC motor

I try to repair an old potter's wheel electronic board based on "Phase control circuit" U111B. (An other U111B datasheet here) After changing 60% of components, the PCB is delaminate and I think it's ...
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37 views

Gain & Phase of a transfer function

can anyone help me calculate the gain and phase angle of the following transfer function for a low pass filter at a frequency of 130 rad s^-1: G=1/(1+jw/260)
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74 views

Phase difference between resistor and inductor voltage in an RL AC circuit

In my textbook, it is given that \$\mathcal {E} = -L\frac{\Delta I}{\Delta t}\$. The graph of resistor voltage (\$V_R\$) and inductor voltage (\$V_L\$) in a series RL AC circuit is given similar to ...
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1answer
113 views

Effect of Reversed Phase Polarity on Active & Reactive Power of 3-Phase System?

I am trying to investigate the Power/Energy of 3-Phase System under Different Faults. I have a Three Phase Source and Load, Load is balanced i.e same phase angle and current (Phase-Neutral V = 230 ...
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1answer
49 views

what does phase really mean?

I'm new to EE, and I am reading a text book which says: Phase describes the position of the waveform relative to time 0. The a quiz asks What is the phase shift for a sine wave with the maximum ...
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27 views

comparing between different phase detectors

I implemented two architectures of phase-frequency detectors and I'm interested to compare between them. (I'm open for extra architectures that might solve problems that I'm not discussing here) I'...
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90 views

Phase detection with non-ideal PFD

I'm trying to simulate for Phase Frequency Detector with the following implementation: and inside NAND_PFD: NOTE: the triangles on the right are inverters and not amplifiers. I'm currently ...
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86 views

Are current and voltage orthogonal in a transmission line?

If there is a phase difference on a lossless transmission line between current and voltage, is it always 90deg? Assume the Load matches the transmission line characteristic impedance. If not what are ...
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55 views

How to measure or estimate the phase delay between two analog input channels of this board?

There is a 16-bit data acquisition board with +/-10V range which multiplexes analog inputs and buffers the data to the PC. Specifications are given here (DAS6036 is the model in question). Now I need ...
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72 views

Does current in neutral wire flow like this? [duplicate]

I've read neutral wire in 1 phase AC at home has almost 0V at both ends. But still current flows through it. So I've assumed 0.1V potential at the other end near a resistance (bulb). Now there's a ...
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1answer
93 views

Why do we not get shocked by neutral wire and how can it behave as it does? [closed]

I read some articles and watched videos regarding 1 phase and 3 phase ac. And later found that for most home appliances we need 1 phase ac. Then I came to know about live and neutral wires. Few ...
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49 views

Complex Amplitudes and Exp'l Increase/Decrease

The following are quotes from a textbook, If S(t) is represented as a rotating phasor, the angular frequency of the phasor can be thought of as velocity at the end of the phasor. In particular ...
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3answers
107 views

Phase or polarity for North America residential 240V

I understand that for North American residential, the three wires coming into the panel box are +120V,-120V, and Neutral. Is there such a thing as phase or polarity between these three wires? How is ...
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49 views

Phase noise of a digital PLL

I assume the reader is aware of how a DPLL works. The DPLL oscillates with a frequency of \$F_{out}\$. The DCO free running frequency is \$F_{free}\$. In the model of our DPLL we've only considered ...
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1answer
69 views

What's the phase relation between the sine wave and the sync output from a function generator?

I'm using a function generator to generate a sine wave, and am trying to use the sync (TTL) output to flash an LED at the beginning of each wave pulse. However, when I compare the sin wave and the ...
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4answers
121 views

How do I successfully connect a 3 phase motor using single phase 220 v?

I have a plastic crusher with a three phase motor and I will like to operate it using single phase 220v. Can anyone please help me out with instructions on how to connect it? Also, I want to know ...
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42 views

Guitar pickup wiring question

I have an older Seymour Duncan vintage rails pickup. Part number SVR-1N-0309. This model only has two wires, red and white, compared to the new versions. Unfortunately, Seymour Duncan doesn’t seem to ...
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2answers
62 views

Are phase angles in filter transfer functions primarily for stability?

I see transfer functions and bode plots (magnitude and phase) and it occurred to me, that I don't really use the phase plots at all. My career experience seems to have gotten away without having to ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the difference between residual phase noise and absolute phase noise?

Studying the characteristics of an oscillator with a phase noise analyzer, but I don't quite understand the difference between absolute and residual noise. Any help would be greatly appreciated
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67 views

Phase, Frequency and Laplace transform

I have a doubt on the relationship between phase and frequency. We know that the definition of angular frequency is: ω(t) = d(\$phi\$(t) / dt, where \$phi\$(t) is the istantaneous phase of our ...
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1answer
394 views

Can a phase margin become bigger than 180° and is this bad?

I have a wrong mental model about phase margin in control theory. I see that a phase of -180° is bad. If my input is a sine wave and I have negative feedback, which has a -180° phase shift, the ...
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2answers
83 views

Doubt about Phase Locked Loop

How is it possible that the Signal Output will have the same frequencies as the Reference Signal?\$f_1\$, Frequency of the Reference Signal;\$f_2\$, Frequency of the VCO. Let's assume that \$f_1>...
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28 views

LTspice Monte Carlo analysis vs. .meas command

I designed some analog second-order all-pass filter in LTspice and provided Monte Carlo analysis as well. I want to evaluate the obtained AC results with .meas command, particularly: Magnitude ...
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1answer
313 views

How to find stepper motor's rated current to set current limit?

I am trying to set the current limit on a NEMA 17 stepper motor. I found a tutorial but it's asking about the current rating. From my stepper motor datasheet, the only information related to current ...
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1answer
39 views

Stepper motor phase current driving confusion

So, I was studying a bit about driving current for Hybrid stepper motors and was faced with some ambiguity related to the Full Step excitation. In this reference, https://www.researchgate.net/...
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42 views

Transfer function with separate time delays in each term

We've been given the problem below for our current assignment As far as I can recall, I have never seen a transfer function with time units in the function itself, added onto each separate term. I ...
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1answer
51 views

Handling Phase Shift with ANC

I've been working on a circuit to do active noise cancellation, but I'm worried about controlling the phase. Here are my assumptions, and I'd love some help understanding 1)what of my assumptions are ...
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1answer
129 views

How to connect a 3 phase 240V machine on a 415V supply

I have a challenge in connecting a 240 V 3 phase 9kw machine to a three phase 415V supply in Uganda. The machine is from South Korea. The phase monitor trips. Below is the brief precaution ...
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114 views

Finding phase shift between the voltage and current

I am trying to find the phase shift \$\phi\$ of this circuit. I am using the formula: $$\phi = arctan{\frac{X_{L}-X_{C}}{R}}$$ Substituting in the values: $$\phi = \arctan{\frac{2000\Omega-4000\...
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2answers
304 views

MOSFETs blowing up on BLDC motor controller upon battery connection

I'm trying to build a sensors motor controller for a 500 watt bicycle hub motor. The problem I am having with it is when I connect power (4500 mAh 12s lipo) I usually destroy a transistor or two ...
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2answers
2k views

3 phase motor change from 440 V to 220 V with diagram question

Some confusion the way my new machine is wired. I bought a sander not hooked up and the guy thought it was wired at 440. I need to set it to 220. The motor says 220/440. I have 220 at my shop with ...
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3answers
114 views

The distribution of phase angle between identical zero mean Gaussian random signals?

I am trying to solve the 2013 paper set by ISRO for electrical engineers. I was hoping to get some clues on how to approach this problem - No 22. random signals which have gaussian distributions will ...
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46 views

phase shift oscillator circuit

I'm planning to construct a phase shift oscillator circuit. I simulated it using multisim and i got the sine wave with values I wanned (you can check the pic). then i assembled the circuit on a ...
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2answers
160 views

Fitting of continuous transfer function

I measure a network's transfer function using a network analyzer and therefore have a set of complex data points, representing the network's gain and phase. I wish to fit a continuous, rational ...
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1answer
146 views

Generating square wave using NXP LPC1768?

I am reading a book that teaches about programming the LPC1768. I have the following exercise here: Using any digital output pin, write a program which outputs a square wave, by switching the output ...
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1answer
176 views

Odd voltage readings between phase-ground, phase-neutral, neutral-ground

Recently i tried gathering voltages from few AC outlets in my house. I got following readings using a dmm Phase-Ground = 398V-400V (should be around 240V) Phase-Neutral = 230 V Neutral-Ground= 210 V ...
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558 views

Circuit To Measure Phase difference

Is there any classical analog circuit to measure the phase difference between two analog signals ( especially sinusoidal signals )? I want to measure the phase difference between two sinusoid signals ...
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2answers
206 views

Run 1800 RPM motor at 3600 RPM

I have a 2”x72” belt grinder with a Brook Crompton bf4n.75-2 motor. It is connected to a Teco L510 VFD. Running here in the United States on 110v. My question is about turning up the RPMs sometimes ...

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