Questions tagged [phasor]

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55 views

RC circuit - phase current

I have a simple RC circuit as below : I'm trying to visualize current curve and voltage curve (Vout and I(R1)) vs Vin using LtSpice and I obtain the result below: It's OK that the Vout is leading ...
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4answers
56 views

can I also use phasors/concept of impedances for non sinusodial signals?

I know that phasors are great to solve circuits driven by sinusodial input signals but I was wondering if I can incorporate phasor concepts(like impedance) to circuits driven by input signals not ...
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1answer
52 views

Complex impedances of capacitors/inductors in the phasor domain

I'm trying to verify the complex impedances of passive components in the phasor domain (not s-domain). Take for example the inductor, whose element law is \$ v = L \frac{di}{dt} \$. Assuming a complex ...
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2answers
45 views

Resonant frequency and maximum signal width

I've seen resonant frequency being defined as the point where the input signal is in phase with the output signal (So reactance/susceptance is 0). However conceptually, teaching material seems to link ...
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0answers
17 views

Direction of current in Phasors Analysis

I'm learning AC circuit and phasors form. In the exercise below, when using nodal analysis they choose the direction of current flow in the circuit then calculate the result. But I wonder why that ...
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1answer
33 views

Finding the total impedance and voltage across open terminals

The question that I'm trying to solve is the following: In the circuit shown below, what is the total impedance in ohms across the open terminals? What is \$v_{T}\$ if \$v_{L}\$ is 80 vrms? This is ...
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1answer
49 views

Calculating Phase angle from instantaneous voltage

For background info I am an EE/CE that is 10 years out of school and has since worked writing firmware and dealt mostly with digital communications and signals, so now I am having to reach back to my (...
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3answers
69 views

How can current be in different phases in the same wire at the same time?

We know that either in ideal or practical transformer in no-load condition, the exciting current has two components Ic(core loss component) and Im(magnetizing component). Now since the same current ...
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0answers
35 views

Rotating magnetic field discrepancy

This may be a noob question Lets consider a balanced 3 phase supply namely \begin{align} R&= V \sin(x)\\ Y&= V \sin(x-120)\\ B&= V \sin(x+120) \end{align} At a neutral point we would ...
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1answer
59 views

How to calculate voltage across capacitor C1?

If the voltage \$v_I = \frac{jωC1R3}{1 + jωC1R3}*Vs \$ does that mean the voltage across the capacitor would be equal to \$v_S - v_I\$ ?
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1answer
101 views

Integral of phasor

Say \$v(t) = V_m\cos(\omega t+\phi)=\Re[V_me^{j(\omega t +\phi)}] = \Re[Ve^{j\omega t}]\$, where \$V_me^{j\phi} = V\$. Integrating gives \$\int\limits_0^t v(t)\,dt = \Re\int\limits_0^t Ve^{j\omega ...
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1answer
143 views

Polar form vs phasor form?

I know that polar form has two parts. Amplitude and angle but What is difference between polar form and phasor form of complex numbers? Or phasor form just includes amplitude form of a complex number?...
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53 views

What is the current in this circuit? (Using Phasors)

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I have attempted the question with the following working although the answer does not match the real answer, are there mistakes in my ...
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1answer
56 views

Current divider usage

I was solving this exercise where I have to find the current through each of the circuit branches. Sorry if the image is a bit confusing but after determining the current I I used the current divider ...
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2answers
57 views

Finding 70% Voltage Point

Let \$v_1\$ be the input AC voltage and \$v_2\$ be the output AC voltage such that gain \$\dfrac{v_2}{v_1} = \dfrac{A+jB}{D+jE}\$ where \$j = \sqrt{-1}\$. How should I find the 70% point (the point ...
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0answers
36 views

Phasor voltage drop clarification?

Upon reading this pdf about voltage drop calculations : https://pdhonline.com/courses/e426/e426content.pdf I came across page 30 which shows the image down below. I am a bit puzzled on their ...
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1answer
175 views

Help on (another) triphasic exercise

Second this week... But was it easy I wouldn't be here... A problem asked me to identify the diagrams from this picture: The following are the correct answers, acording to the test developers. a. ...
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81 views

Relation between phase angle and current direction

In a triphasic system (any), is there a way to tell if the current is entering or leaving a phase/line/load just by the angle of the phasor of the source ? In the following picture we can see the ...
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2answers
100 views

Derivation of telegrapher's equations

I'm currently going over the derivation of the telegrapher's equations shown here, but there's a step that I'm not fully grasping. I think I can follow some of how you get from eq.3 to eq.5: If the ...
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5answers
2k views

Does an oscilloscope subtract voltages as phasors?

I want to measure two voltages on an oscilloscope. They are not in phase. I want to know the magnitude of the voltage difference. The oscilloscope has an in-build math function to subtract the ...
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0answers
102 views

Superposition theorem with phasors [duplicate]

Can someone explain the superposition theorem step by step when applied with phasors (AC circuits)? I think books and websites mostly include examples of how to solve something with superposition but ...
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1answer
50 views

Complex Amplitudes and Exp'l Increase/Decrease

The following are quotes from a textbook, If S(t) is represented as a rotating phasor, the angular frequency of the phasor can be thought of as velocity at the end of the phasor. In particular ...
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4answers
91 views

Is the frequency response of a circuit only valid for steady state (phasors)?

This is my first post. I just finished a course about advanced circuit analysis techniques (the content was taken from textbooks by Sadiku, Hayt and Irwin.) As you know, phasors are used to solve ...
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1answer
162 views

Transformer's Primary and Secondary Voltages

In general, which is the phase relationship between the primary and secondary voltages of an ideal transformer? Does it depends on the dot convention?
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1answer
538 views

Phasors and Fourier Transform

I have always been told that for a sinusoidal variable (for instance a voltage signal), the fourier transform coincides with the phasor definition, and this is the reason why the analysis of ...
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1answer
42 views

AC signal analysis: Voltage dip (amplitude dip) at time = 0

I'm working on a series RLC problem where the input voltage is a sinusoidal function for all time. The catch is, for t < 0, the sinusoidal function is of greater magnitude than t >= 0. There is no ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the DC component of the sum of phasors?

I am preparing for the written test conducted by IISc Bangalore for admission into their graduate program. I happened to come across a sample paper from 2016, I think. I am struggling to understand ...
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3answers
296 views

How does one relate an RC circuit's time domain solution to phasors?

It seems to be a given for phasor analysis that the voltage across a capacitor can be defined as follows: $$ V_{C}(t) = V_{A}\cos(\omega t + \phi)\tag{1} $$ Where Vc(t) is the capacitor's voltage at ...
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3answers
170 views

Why can phasors be used simplify getting instantaneous power from instantaneous curent and voltage?

If instantanoeus power is p(t) and instantaneous voltage and current saying for a resistor are v(t) and i(t), then p(t)=i(t)*v(t). But if you convert v(t) and i(t) to their respective phasors and ...
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1answer
74 views

Is my calculated capacitor sign correct?

I have the following circuit where I would like to obtain an analytic expressions for the value of \$Cs\$ and \$Rs\$ only kowning the phasors \$\bar Vina\$ and \$\bar Vinb\$ there displayed, I don't ...
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2answers
151 views

Phasors: why is my book using sines?

When I learned phasors I learned we passed from sinusoidal to phasor this way: $$\sqrt{2} V\cos(\omega t+\phi) \rightarrow \sqrt{2} Ve^{j\phi}$$ However I'm now studying for a book that does this: $...
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2answers
84 views

Output of AC op amp circuit has unknown superimposed signal on top of expected output signal

I am trying to find the voltage gain of a certain ideal op amp circuit with a sinusoidal input. However, when I simulate the circuit, the output shown seems to be my calculated output but with a ...
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1answer
159 views

Determine the power dissipated in W in the 5 Ω resistor [closed]

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab Excuse me for my really bad use of the schematic feature I just didn't know how to switch to the phasor domain. Anyway, I'm asked to ...
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4answers
742 views

Phasor vs Vector vs Space Vector

I wonder what is the difference between a Phasor, a Vector and a Space Vector? A phasor is also a rotating vector in space then it means that a space vector is same as a phasor? Also by definition a ...
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2answers
72 views

Time to Frequency Transform - Where are the Initial Conditions?

In a circuit with sinusoidal source and charged capacitors and inductors we have initial conditions: $$u_{C}=u(0)+\frac{1}{C} \int_{t_{0}}^{t}i(\tau)d\tau$$ $$i_{L}=i(0)+\frac{1}{L} \int_{t_{0}}^{t}...
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4answers
154 views

Sinusoids represented using Euler's formula notation, confusion

EM plane waves are represented using the equation (ignoring amplitude) $$E(x,t) = e^{j (wt - kx)}$$ They are also represented in this form: $$E(x,t) = \cos(wt - kx)$$ I want to get the electric ...
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2answers
80 views

Synchronous Generator EMI

In the attached image below, I don't understand the text and phasor diagram that I have highlighted in yellow. Why does the induced emf on the armature winding lag the magnetic flux of the ...
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1answer
815 views

How to calculate current from a phasor?

I'm just working through some textbook exercises and have been stuck on this one for a while. The question is: The current in an AC circuit is represented by the phasor \$I = I_0 e^{j(120\pi t + \pi/...
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1answer
101 views

Odd step in derivation of phasor Telegrapher's equations

In the derivation of the phasor form of the Telegrapher's equations (in "Fundamentals of Applied Electromagentics" by Ulaby), there is a step I'm not following: When going between eq. 2.16 and eq. 2....
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1answer
405 views

Working of a Doubly-Fed Induction generator (DFIG) in wind turbines

I am unable to understand how a Doubly-Fed Induction generator works (in Wind Energy conversion system)? I do not understand how the reactive power fed into the stator interacts with the rotor so as ...
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2answers
127 views

Simple phasor problem with AC

Simple problem that I can't solve. On this AC circuit, find the current read by ammeter \$ A_3 \$ (the one in series with the resistor) given that \$A_1\$ reads 4A and \$A_2\$ reads 3A, assuming ...
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1answer
54 views

State estimation in power system [closed]

Regarding state estimation in electrical power grid, does the voltage phasor magnitude at each bus(P-Q bus and P-V bus) considered as a static state variable or a dynamic state? I am a little bit ...
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3answers
205 views

For an ideal Capacitor, when is the current leading and when is the voltage leading by 90?

Say I have a purely restive load as a reference in parrallel with an ideal capacitive load. I know that the current through the capacitor is said to be leading by 90 degrees. Specifically though, what ...
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1answer
1k views

Confusion with interpreting leading and lagging concepts for given electrical quantities

I have a confusion interpreting the lagging leading concept when it comes to time plots. I think in phasors I can see which one is leading or lagging. For example in the below phasor diagram: How I ...
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1answer
102 views

Why can't phasors be equated to a sinusoid?

I'm having trouble understanding why a phasor for an AC sinusoid, let's say voltage (represented as Vrms/_50° for Vsin(ωt + 50°) to a current, for example) cannot be equated to the sinusoid in ...
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2answers
3k views

Voltage drops are greater than source voltage. How is it possible?

This circuit was given in my textbook. The source voltage is only 10 Volts, but the individual voltage drop across resistor and inductor are 6 Volts and 8 Volts respectively, which is greater than the ...
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1answer
80 views

Phasor representation

How did we separated/broke down this phasor expression?
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2answers
105 views

ac phasor voltage between capacitor and inductor higher than source voltage?

I've just learned about phasors and I am very confused about this. Take this circuit as an example: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab So by what I've learned, All I ...
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1answer
734 views

Fourier series of output voltage

I've been practicing some Fourier series questions and then verifying my answers by generating an equivalent graph on MATLAB and comparing it with the graph generated by PSpice in simulating the same ...
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1answer
270 views

dq transformation using phasor quantities

3 phase AC quantities can be either represented in the Time domain or the phasor domain. It is also possible to transform 3 phase quantity to alpha-beta or d-q-0 reference frame using Clarke's ...